Race-based Employment Discrimination
Workplace discrimination has become a much-debated issue in the modern corporate world. Globalization, liberalization and privatization have brought many changes to the way workplace was managed and employees were treated. The internationalization of labor market and the resultant free flow labor force across different parts of the world has accelerated the pace of these changes. The work environment has also witnessed sea changes due to the implementation of modern technologies and resultant work culture at the work place.
These have led to certain undesirable consequences like job insecurity, contract working, which eventually resulted in some workplace anomalies such as discrimination. The present paper discusses the racial discrimination at workplace by detailing some of the cases around the world. The paper takes a descriptive approach where the status of the racial discrimination in the United States of America is largely discussed with two real life cases. Racism In fact, every human being is born free and has equal rights to all entitlements regardless of any difference of sex, race, color or origin.
Naturally, law protects everybody on earth with equal rights and opportunities. For example, the United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination of 20th November 1963 (General Assembly resolution 1904 (XVIII)) states the need of eliminating ethnic discrimination in all its forms and for keeping the dignity of everybody on earth. In its simplest form, racial discrimination is the belief that all groups other than one’s own are inferior and are not eligible to enjoy the opportunities and rights.
People with racist beliefs hate other groups of people. According to United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, the term ‘racial discrimination’ shall mean “any distinction, exclusion, restriction or preference based on race, color, religion, descent, or national or ethnic origin which has the purpose or effect of nullifying or impairing the recognition, enjoyment or exercise, on an equal footing of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural or any other field of public life” (Lawson et al, 1996).
Thus, it produces an inherent superiority of a particular race without examining the profile of a particular person. There are two types of racial discrimination prevailing in the world. Institutional racism and reverse racism. Institutional racism, certain racial groups denied rights or benefits, or they are getting preferential treatment. But in case of reverse racism favors the members of a historically disabled group at the expense of a historically advantaged group of people. In general racism points out the differences between different groups of people irrespective of their somatic differences.