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621 Chapter 3

Decisions and actions taken in one knowledge area at a certain time rarely affect other knowledge areas.
a. True
*b. False
Initiating processes take place during each phase of a project.
*a. True
b. False
Initiating processes are not required to end a project.
a. True
*b. False
The level of activity and length of each process group varies for every project.
*a. True
b. False
Initiating and closing tasks are usually the longest and require the most amount of resources and time.
a. True
*b. False
Research suggests that companies working to implement best practices should spend less than 10 percent of project time in initiating and planning.
a. True
*b. False
The executing process group generally requires the most resources.
*a. True
b. False
Monitoring and controlling processes overlap all of the other project management process groups.
*a. True
b. False
Key outcomes of the executing process group are formal acceptance of the work and creation of closing documents.
a. True
*b. False
The majority of organizations develop their own internal information technology project management methodologies.
a. True
*b. False
You cannot tailor RUP to include the PMBOK process groups.
a. True
*b. False
DMAIC is used to improve an existing business process.
*a. True
b. False
An organization should put considerable thought into project selection to ensure that it initiates the right kinds of projects for the right reasons.
*a. True
b. False
In the long-term view, it is better to have a huge success on an unimportant project than to have a moderate success on an important project.
a. True
*b. False
Information technology is usually a support function in an organization.
*a. True
b. False
Information systems must support the firm’s business goals, such as developing its own intranet site applications.
a. True
*b. False
An organization may initiate information technology projects for several reasons, but the most important reason is to support business objectives.
*a. True
b. False
It is good practice to lay the groundwork for a project after it officially starts.
a. True
*b. False
A stakeholder management strategy is an approach to help increase the support of stakeholders throughout the project.
*a. True
b. False
Some project managers do not even write down stakeholder information because they do not consider stakeholder management as a crucial part of their jobs.
a. True
*b. False
The kick-off meeting is always held before the business case and project charter are completed.
a. True
*b. False
A milestone list is an output list associated with the Project Scope Management knowledge area.
a. True
*b. False
The WBS provides a basis for creating the project schedule and performing earned value management for measuring and forecasting project performance.
*a. True
b. False
Project initiation involves taking the actions necessary to ensure that activities in the project plan are completed.
a. True
*b. False
Executing the project includes work required to introduce any new hardware, software, and procedures into normal operations.
*a. True
b. False
The products of the project are produced during project implementation, and it usually takes the least amount of resources to accomplish this process.
a. True
*b. False
Human resource issues often occur during project execution, especially conflicts.
*a. True
b. False
The process of acquiring a project team falls under the Project Human Resource Management knowledge area.
*a. True
b. False
In addition to progress reports, an important tool for monitoring and controlling a project is using project management software.
*a. True
b. False
Even though many information technology projects are canceled before completion, it is still important to formally close any project and reflect on what can be learned to improve future projects.
*a. True
b. False
Projects involve ____ project management process groups.
a. three
b. five
c. eight
d. ten
b. five
____ include defining and authorizing a project or project phase.
a. Initiating processes
b. Planning processes
c. Executing processes
d. Monitoring and controlling processes
a. Initiating processes
____ include devising and maintaining a workable scheme to ensure that the project addresses the organization’s needs.
a. Initiating processes
b. Planning processes
c. Executing processes
d. Monitoring and controlling processes
b. Planning processes
Examples of ____ include acquiring and developing the project team, performing quality assurance, distributing information, managing stakeholder expectations, and conducting procurements.
a. monitoring and controlling processes
b. executing processes
c. planning processes
d. initiating processes
b. executing processes
A common ____ is reporting performance, where project stakeholders can identify any necessary changes that may be required to keep the project on track.
a. executing process
b. closing process
c. monitoring and controlling process
d. planning process
c. monitoring and controlling process
Administrative activities are often involved in ____, such as archiving project files, closing out contracts, documenting lessons learned, and receiving formal acceptance of the delivered work as part of the phase or project.
a. monitoring and controlling processes
b. executing processes
c. initiating processes
d. closing processes
d. closing processes
During ____ processes for a new project, the organization recognizes that a new project exists, and completes a project charter as part of this recognition.
a. initiating
b. planning
c. opening
d. controlling
a. initiating
____ is crucial in information technology projects because once a project team implements a new system, it takes a considerable amount of effort to change the system.
a. Initiating
b. Planning
c. Executing
d. Closing
b. Planning
The project integration management knowledge area maps to the ____ process group through the activities of developing project charters.
a. initiating
b. planning
c. executing
d. monitoring and controlling
a. initiating
The project scope management knowledge area maps to the ____ process group through the activities of scope verification and scope control.
a. initiating
b. planning
c. executing
d. monitoring and controlling
d. monitoring and controlling
The project time management knowledge area maps to the ____ process group through the activity of schedule control.
a. initiating
b. planning
c. executing
d. monitoring and controlling
d. monitoring and controlling
____ is a planning process falling under the Project Integration Management knowledge area.
a. Schedule development
b. Develop project management plan
c. Create WBS
d. Quality planning
b. Develop project management plan
____ is a planning process falling under the Project Scope Management knowledge area.
a. Schedule development
b. Develop project management plan
c. Create WBS
d. Quality planning
c. Create WBS
____ is a monitoring and controlling process.
a. Develop project team
b. Request seller responses
c. Risk response planning
d. Integrated change control
d. Integrated change control
The project cost management knowledge area maps to the ____ process group through the activities of estimating costs and budget determination.
a. initiating
b. planning
c. executing
d. monitoring and controlling
b. planning
The project communications management knowledge area maps to the ____ process group through the activity of information distribution.
a. initiating
b. planning
c. executing
d. monitoring and controlling
c. executing
The project procurement management knowledge area maps to the ____ process group through the activity of administering procurements.
a. initiating
b. planning
c. executing
d. monitoring and controlling
d. monitoring and controlling
The project procurement management knowledge area maps to the ____ process group through the activities conducting procurements.
a. initiating
b. planning
c. executing
d. monitoring and controlling
c. executing
____ is an iterative software development process that focuses on team productivity and delivers software best practices to all team members.
a. RAP
b. RIP
c. RUP
d. ROP
c. RUP
____ should serve as the foundation for deciding which projects to pursue.
a. Strategic planning
b. Project managers
c. Successful past projects
d. Employee abilities
a. Strategic planning
An organization may initiate information technology projects for several reasons, but the most important reason is to support ____.
a. financial security
b. business objectives
c. technological advances
d. shareholders
b. business objectives
A ____ is a document that includes details related to the identified project stakeholders.
a. stakeholder register
b. stakeholder list
c. stakeholder directory
d. stakeholder contact list
a. stakeholder register
A ____ is an approach to help increase the support of stakeholders throughout the project.
a. stakeholder management plan
b. stakeholder strategy
c. stakeholder management strategy
d. stakeholder management list
c. stakeholder management strategy
A ____ is a meeting held at the beginning of a project so that stakeholders can meet each other, review the goals of the project, and discuss future plans.
a. kick-off party
b. launch meeting
c. kick-off meeting
d. project launch meeting
c. kick-off meeting
The ____ is often held after the business case and project charter are completed, but it could be held sooner, as needed.
a. kick-off project
b. kick-off meeting
c. launch meeting
d. launch project
b. kick-off meeting
It is good practice to focus on the ____ of meetings.
a. flow
b. planning
c. agenda
d. results
d. results
Quality metrics are an output of project ____.
a. cost management
b. scope management
c. integration management
d. quality management
d. quality management
The ____ provides a basis for creating the project schedule and performing earned value management for measuring and forecasting project performance.
a. WSB
b. project team analysis
c. WBS
d. project tool
c. WBS
____ the project involves taking the actions necessary to ensure that activities in the project plan are completed.
a. Executing
b. Initiating
c. Starting
d. Coordinating
a. Executing
The ____ process involves gaining stakeholder and customer acceptance of the final products and services and bringing the project, or project phase, to an orderly end.
a. ending
b. closing
c. developing
d. completing
b. closing
A(n) ____________________ is a series of actions directed toward a particular result.
Correct Answer(s):
a. process
___________________________________ progress from initiation activities to planning activities, executing activities, monitoring and controlling activities, and closing activities.
Correct Answer(s):
a. Project management process groups
The ____________________ plan coordinates and encompasses information from all other plans.
Correct Answer(s):
a. project management
Each of the five project management ____________________ is characterized by the completion of certain tasks.
Correct Answer(s):
a. process groups
The ideal outcome of the monitoring and ____________________ process group is to complete a project successfully by delivering the agreed-upon project scope within time, cost, and quality constraints.
Correct Answer(s):
a. controlling
Many of the project management processes occur as part of the ____________________ process group.
Correct Answer(s):
a. planning
A(n) ____________________ describes how things should be done.
Correct Answer(s):
a. methodology
Ideally, the ____________________ would be involved in initiating a project, but often the project manager is selected after many initiation decisions have already been made.
Correct Answer(s):
a. project manager
Developing a(n) ____________________ to share its project management knowledge could help a company reduce internal costs by working more effectively.
Correct Answer(s):
a. intranet
____________________ are people involved in or affected by project activities and include the project sponsor, project team, support staff, customers, users, suppliers, and even opponents to the project.
Correct Answer(s):
a. Stakeholders
A(n) ___________________________________ includes basic information such as stakeholder names, level of interest in the project, level of influence on the project, and potential management strategies for gaining support or reducing obstacles from that particular stakeholder.
Correct Answer(s):
a. stakeholder management strategy
____________________ is often the most difficult and unappreciated process in project management.
Correct Answer(s):
a. Planning
The main purpose of project plans is to ____________________ project execution.
Correct Answer(s):
a. guide
A(n) ____________________ is the output of risk identification planning.
Correct Answer(s):
a. risk register
The ______________________________ is a very important tool in project management because it provides the basis for deciding how to do the work.
Correct Answer(s):
a. WBS
b. work breakdown structure
c. work breakdown structure (WBS)
____________________ the project includes work required to introduce any new hardware, software, and procedures into normal operations.
Correct Answer(s):
a. Executing
The process of information distribution falls under the ___________________________________ knowledge area.
Correct Answer(s):
a. project communications
b. project communications management
____________________ and controlling is the process of measuring progress toward project objectives, monitoring deviation from the plan, and taking corrective action to match progress with the plan.
Correct Answer(s):
a. Monitoring

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