ACA or police Essay
As we are aware in recent, it has happened in developed countries going by the reports bout Enron and World in U. S. A, Banc Ambrosia in Italy, Barring in I-J etc. Malaysia too is an exception where as a matter of fact fraud can occur in the private sector as well as the public sector. In reality we have had our own little Enron’s in recent times. According to police records in 2006 there were 6,921 commercial crime cases amounting to RUM 685 million involving Criminal Breach of Trusts, cheating and cyber crimes.
On top of that, we had 2,892 cases involving falsification, fake currency notes, credit cards and offences under the copyright Act such as the censorship Act. As for the Malaysian public sector, suspected fraud cases which was unveiled by the A. G: reports continue to be a major public concern. These cases are considered ‘suspected’ because under the law fraud has to be proven in court based on proper investigation by the competent authorities.
Until then, these cases can be conveniently classified as mismanagement which should at least disciplinary actions should be taken by the department heads against the defendant. Over the years, the GAG Report revealed a
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In the process, cost in bringing and sending back the animal would incur public expenditure. Last year’s GAG Report too entertained a number of suspected fraud cases. For instance, the computerized land registration system which was implemented nationwide about a decade ago was flawed in terms of its data integrity which could e easily manipulated by unscrupulous people to undertake land transactions. In PRESENTATION PAPER FOR ECONOMIC CRIME By candlestick occurs because during system implementation, data entries were not properly verified for their accuracy.
There was also a case of misuse of welfare and in a few states whereby a few dead persons were the beneficiaries continue to receive the welfare. Then, there was the case of mismanagement of revenue emanating from private quarry operators in one of the states, which effectively cost the state several hundred thousands of ringing in revenue all because the system used was poorly implemented resulting in rampant under declaration of quarry output.
The 2006 GAG Report also caused a stir when the AC followed up with their own investigation resulting in several people being hauled to the courts for suspected fraud and corruption in the procurement of training equipment by youth skill training centers. In the 2007 GAG report among others unveiled cases of possible fraud in the diesel subsidy scheme meant to help our fisherman. Enhancing Integrity and transparency Integrity does not only relate to corruption but also to do the best in performing one’s susceptibilities.
It also applies to a person who is incumbent to comply with procedures, rules and regulation. Even if a person fails to comply with procedures not because of corruption but because of knowledge he/she is still considered as not having the integrity. Therefore, he should not fail to comply with rules and regulation. Through confident and belief, one should demonstrate the level of high integrity. People of integrity think, say, promise, and do things coincidently. With their unshakable character, good reputation, reliable and responsible they earn our trust and respect.
They make tasks become duties and at workplace, they don’t waste time but gladly carry out their responsibilities; they don’t engage in destructive and negative gossip, but build self confidence, teamwork, and morale; they don’t abuse their privileges and position, but respect their employer’s property and reputation. Transparency is the right of the stakeholders to know the outcome of the government programs and projects. Stakeholders are the public. They are the taxpayers and non- taxpayers who not only wanted to know the result of the programs but also to benefit from them.
Government gained its mandate to carry out programs and projects that are useful for the public such as hospitals, schools, universities, factories and infrastructures such as airport and highways for the benefit of the public. The financial as well as the progress reports of the programs are tools to show how transparent are our government. Enhancing Integrity and transparency Involve several parties: 1) Departmental heads/controlling officers To ensure that financial management rules and regulation are strictly adhered to by their subordinates since they have been designed to ensure accountability and reverent fraud. Ђ This can be done by: I) constant supervision of staffs involved in day-to-day financial management to check whether they are diligent and competent it) effective monitoring through establish mechanisms such as the KAPPA (Committee on Financial Management and Account) which is mandated to convene four times a year to discuss audit and other iv) to provide continuous staff training to improve their competency in financial management. V) to report to AC or police a suspected fraud and corruption cases. V’) to take disciplinary actions on staff responsible for mismanagement or fraud.
For e. G. Imposing surcharge. Roles of Internal Auditors 2) Most Government departments and agencies have internal audit divisions which now are staffed mainly by cadre auditors from my department. Internal Audit can play an effective role in combating fraud provided they are competent and have the enthusiastic support of their department or agency head. They should keep a sharp eye on whether effective internal control is steadfastly obscured by the departmental staff and investigate every complaint about possible fraud within the organizations.
Their report should contain precise commendations pertaining to actions that can be taken against the suspects. Thus, there internal auditors who have a working knowledge of fraud auditing will have an advantage. In cases where investigation conducted revealed that there was an overwhelming evidence of a fraud occurring in the organization they should not hesitate to report to their departmental head or to the Auditor General.
Role of External Auditors From The National Audit Department 3) As mentioned earlier, over the year the GAG reports contained cases of possible fraud which insist further investigation for purpose of presentation by the appropriate authorities. For sure, we will never know the extent of fraud in the public sector since the auditing done is based on sampling. However, the AND has recently taken several steps to enhance its auditing capacity in tandem with the Government polity to enhance integrity and accountability in the public sector.
With an additional 500 staff approved to us recently, we can now do more auditing and this represent another significant step for us to play our role in combating fraud and corruption in the public sector. We have recently introduced the rating system for financial management in the public sector eased on their accountability index in which a comprehensive approach is taken to audit every major aspect of financial or management, and in the process, we hope to detect irregularities and discrepancies which can be tell-talk signs of fraud.
The 2007 Auditor General’s report shows the following: Star Rating for Federal Government Agencies Rating/ Numbers of Agencies Excellent (4 Stars) Satisfactory (2 stars) Un- satisfactory (1 star) Federal Ministries 5 Federal Depth 20 6 Federal Statutory Bodies 2 Total 8 13 Star Rating for State Governments (3 stars) State Treasury SEED 9 3 Islamic Councils 7 State Government Departments 3 28 State Statutory Bodies Local Authorities 12 10 TOTAL AND has also published the book on ‘Excellence in Financial Management’.
It is the main reference to make sure financial management is being done according to the rules and regulations. This book explains the financial management elements in the public sector with references to the latest financial circulars and treasury instructions. With the additional staff too, we can mount more performance audits for focusing on weakness in the implementation of Government programs and projects such as severe delays in completion, hefty cost insurgence’s and shoddy workmanship and he use of sub-standard materials which could indicate the existence of fraud.
As an additional measure, we shall also step up our spot audit through surprise checks in other agencies not covered by our star-rating or performance which we hope will keep the agencies on their toes all the times in a bid to check possible fraud. Intensified auditing has to be followed up by firm actions against the offenders. When appropriate, so that a firm messages is conveyed that fraud does not pay. I do believe that we already have adequate laws and regulations to deal with fraud and corruptions.
In the public sector so therefore to be effective then it must be in the one of enforcement that there is a need for improvement. 4) The role of media We should also acknowledge the role of the media in enhancing integrity and transparency for exposing financial lapses and shortcomings in government financial management especially those cases which have been extensively investigated, sometimes to the detriment of the members of administration and senior government officials.
The wide interest it generated will instill high public awareness abort integrity and transparency in the public service. Summary In summary fraud cases in the Malaysian public sector involved false claims of work done, goods purchase or non-delivery of services. In the realm of government procurement, fraud can be associated with attempts to avoid calling tender by “peach Cecil” or subdividing purchases, unqualified bidder given contracts, and manipulating of CIT Systems (land scam, misuse of local orders under the keeps).