protecting yourself from exposure to toxic substances in the workplace is an example of promoting _______ wellness.
optimism, trust, and self-confidence are components of
approximately what percentage of americans get no leisure time activity?
factors involved in wellness
often interact with each other.
if you have an external locus of control, believing you have a genetic predisposition to cancer can
sabotage your efforts to take appropriate action.
the average life expectancy in the past 100 years has
the three leading causes of death for young americans ages 15-24 are
accidents, homicide, and suicide.
a disease that develops and continues over a long period of time is
the most serious threat to one’s health in the early 1900s was
the first step in changing a health related behavior is
identifying the target behavior.
healthy body composition is best characterized by a
high proportion of muscle, bone, and water and a low proportion of fat.
which if the following is NOT a component of health-related fitness?
the ability of the body to perform prolonged, large-muscle, dynamic excercise at moderate to high levels of intensity is
older adults tend to lose muscular strength due to the muscle cells
getting smaller in size.
the body adapting to a gradual increase in the amount of exercise is the definition of
exercise refers to physical activity that is
planned, structured, and repetitive.
if you must temporarily stop exercising regularly, which of the following factors should be maintained while the others are curtailed?
muscular strength is the
amount of force a muscle can produce with a single maximum effort.
which of the following is NOT considered a skill-related fitness component?
flexibility is best described as
the ability to move the joints through their full range of motion.
to build individual muscle strength and muscle size, it is best to
use heavy resistance with few repetitions for multiple sets.
strength training helps in the prevention and management of chronic disease by
improving glucose metabolism.
muscular strength is assessed by measuring
the maximum amount of force a muscle can produce in a single maximal effort.
a muscle fiber is
an individual muscle cell.
activities that would presominantly use slow-twitch muscle fibers are
walking and jogging.
people typically begin to lose muscle mass after age
injuries such as low back pain are reduced if the spine is properly aligned by strong muscles in the
abdomen and hips.
activities that would predominantly use fast-twitch muscle fibers are
training intensity for weight training is determined by
amount of weight lifed.
to improve muscular endurance, it is best to
use light resistance with many repetitions.
maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) is
the highest rate of oxygen consumption an individual is capable of during maximum physical effort.
fat is utilized as a fuel more efficiently during periods of
mild, low-intensity activity.
during systole, the heart is
as the result of regular endurance exercise, resting heart rate is often
10-20 beats per minute lower.
an example of an activity that primarily uses the immediate energy system is
regular endurance exercise reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes by
increasing metabolic rate.
a typical resting heart ratae for a normal individual is around
which one of the following statements about monitoring exercise heart rate is true?
count your pulse immediately after stopping exercise.
which of the following is NOT a component of the cardio-respiratory system?
which of the following is NOT one of the functions of the cardio-respiratory system?
to produce ATP
an essential component of safe passive stretching is
good communication with partner.
good flexibility has NOT been shown to convey
improved body composition.
the stretching technique most commonly recommended by experts for general fitness is
core muscles include those in the
abdomen, pelvic floor, sides of the trunk, back, buttocks, hips and pelvis.
which of the following stretching programs conforms to ACSM recommendations?
3 days per week, 20 seconds per stretch, 4 repetitions of each stretch.
the stretching technique most commonly associated with injury is
which type of stretching usually requires a partner?
which of the following statements about an appropriate goal for flexibility is true?
it depends on individual fitness goals and choice of sports and activities.
stretching exercises should be performed
after a warm up or workout.
which of the following is NOT true about over strecthing?
it can be beneficial to all people.
which of the following patterns of eating is best for weight management?
three planned meals per day planned healthy snacks.
which of the following is NOT a good strategy for a successful weight loss program?
losing weight out of concern for how others view your appearance.
resting metabolic rate is
the energy required to maintain vital body functions.
which of the following groups is more likely to consume excess calories throughout the day?
those who skip breakfast.
on average, americans exercise ________ minutes per day.
how much daily physical activity is recommended for someone who is trying to maintain weight loss?
60 or more minutes.
a lifestyle factor which does NOT lead to successful weight management is
a hormone thought to be linked to obesity is
the greater the amount of muscle mass, the
higher the resting metabolic rate.
controlling body weight is best accomplished by
balancing calories consumed with calories expended.
excess nonessential (storage) fat is usually the result of
consumption of more energy than is expended.
people are at greater risk for early onset heart disease if they tend to gain weight in the
the mortality rate for obese people is ______ that of non-obese people.
women have a higher proportion of essential fat than men primarily because women
have essential fat deposited in the breasts, uterus, and other sex specific sites.
one possible explaination for the increase in obesity among americans over the past 40 years is
increased portion sizes.
the key to a healthy body composition is to
focus on lifestyle changes.
essential fat is best defined as
fat incorporated into the organs and tissues.
since 1970, the daily caloric intake among americans has risen by at least
in adults, when fat mass increase, it is usually the result of
an increase in fat cell size.
the percentage of americans who are classified as obese is approximately
the stored form of carbohydrate in the muscles and liver is
which of the following nutrients does NOT supply the body with eenergy?
the acceptable macronutrient distribution range (amdr) for total daily fat intake (expressed as a percentage of total calories) is
complete protein sources
supply all essential amino acids.
which of the following is NOT made up of protein?
essential nutrients are best described as nutrients that
must be obtained from food because the body can’t manufacture them fast enough to meet physiological needs.
the primary function of carbohydrates is to
supply energy to body cells.
as part of total adequate daily water intake, an adult female should drink about ____ cups of fluid.
which of the following is a primary function of fats in your diet?
they aid in your body’s absorption of certain vitamins.
the primary function of vitamins is to
help chemical reactions take place.
while cholesterol is important for many body functions, excess cholesterol is hazardous to health because it is depospited
on artery walls.
exercise alters blood fat levels by
raising HDL levels.
the form of cholesterol that shuttles cholesterol back to the liver for recycling is
high-density lipoprotein (HDL)
which one of the following cholesterol profiles would place someone at greater risk for heart disease?
low HDL and high LDL.
the leading cause of death in the u.s. is
cardiovascular disease (CVD).
cardiovascular disease risk is greatest for people who tend to store body fat in the
which of the following cardiovascular disease (CVD) rish factors are NOT modifiable?
family history of CVD.
the form of blood fat that carries cholesterol out from the liver to other parts of the body and can lead to cholesterol deposits on artery walls is
low-density lipoprotein (LDL).
sustained high blood pressure can be an indicator of
increased resistance to arterial blood flow.
the point for blood pressure at or above which an adult is diagnosed with hypertension is
stress can be the result of
all of the above.
which of the following is an example of a stressor?
getting a flat tire.
the term stressor is best defined as
any physical or psychological event that produces stress.
your body begins releasing endorphins, your heart rate accelerates, and your hearing and vision become more acute. you are experiencing
the fight-or-flight reaction.
which of the following is associated with “burnout”?
which of the following statements abour regular exercise and its ability to help manage stress is FALSE?
exercise reduces energy levels.
which of the following is recommended by your text as a time-management strategy?
work on one task at a time rather than consolidating tasks.
which of the following statements about anger is FALSE?
having been a victim of bullying is a risk factor for later violence.
which of the following is NOT recommended by your text as a time-management strategy?
try doing things yourself rather than delegating.
all of the following occur during the relaxation response EXCEPT
increased blood flow to the muscles.
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