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American History II

What happened at Wounded Knee, South Dakota in 1890?
More than two hundred Sioux Ghost Dancers were slaughtered.
The “Great Uprising” of 1877 was a general strike against the nation’s
railroad companies
In defending the League of Nations, President Wilson argued all of the following positions EXCEPT that
leaving the power to declare war to Congress alone was dangerous
Many members of the Workingmen’s Benevolent Association were
Irish immigrants
The press stirred up rage over what aspect of the Haymarket Riot?
the death of seven policemen
The Union Pacific and Central Pacific Railroad companies relied heavily on the low-paid and difficult work done by
Irish and Chinese immigrants
After buying the project from the Panama Canal Company, how did the United States gain control of the region where the Panama Canal was built?
U.S. naval forces supported the Panamanian revolt against Colombia.
A nationwide ban on child labor was enacted
as part of the New Deal
Founded in 1866 by William Sylvis, the National Labor Union was
the first attempt to build a national labor movement
President Wilson promoted all of the following in his Fourteen Points speech to Congress EXCEPT
U.S. territorial expansion
What triggered the brief political success of the Grange?
he Panic of 1873
Which resulted from the popularity of The Jungle by Upton Sinclair?
federal regulation of meat production
Institutions established in the 1880s to provide social and educational services for the poor were called
settlement houses
Why was Frank Woolworth able to set low prices for his merchandise?
He bought huge quantities of goods at a discount from wholesalers and manufacturers
Much of the culture of the American cowboy was derived from the traditions of which group?
Mexicans
As a result of the Dawes Severalty Act,
Native Americans lost a large portion of their land
How did the railroad benefit Western farmers MOST?
It enabled them to get their products to market
The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
took Russia out of World War I.
Which of the following forms of leisure and entertainment did NOT emerge as popular during the Gilded Age?
radio serials
Theodore Roosevelt saw the Roosevelt Corollary as
a logical extension of the Monroe Doctrine.
The central business districts of cities tended to include
department stores, banks, and offices
Which of the following was a popular trumpet player who gained prominence during the Jazz Age?
Louis Armstrong
Which of the following best characterizes the stories of Horatio Alger?
They reinforced the ideal of the self-made man
Who emerged as the leader of the Knights of Labor, the nation’s first large union?
Terrence Powderly
During the war, most enlisted African Americans worked
as laborers.
William Jennings Bryan’s famous “cross of gold” speech addressed which issue?
currency reform
Which statement is true about both lynch mobs and the Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s?
They were unashamed of their actions and unafraid to reveal their identities.
The Central Pacific Railroad began its work on the transcontinental railroad in
California
What was the Open Door Policy?
an international agreement to keep China open to trade with all nations
The government funded the war effort primarily by
selling war bonds
Booker T. Washington believed that race relations would improve
if African Americans focused on economic advancement and remained patient
Which nation was excluded from the Paris Peace Conference?
Germany
In Lochner v. New York the Supreme Court ruled that
the government should not interfere with an employee’s negotiating his own work schedule unless the hours jeopardized health
How did Henry Ford’s innovations affect consumers?
They could buy cars for much less money than before
What was the main effect of mass production techniques such as the assembly line on the workplace?
increased efficiency
Regarding the increase in female workers, most Americans believed that
married women should leave the paid workforce
What did the Seventeenth Amendment do?
It provided for the direct popular election of U.S. senators
In the Sand Creek Massacre,
American forces slaughtered peaceful Cheyenne.
The Progressive agenda mainly reflected the values of
the middle class
What attitude toward birth control did Margaret Sanger encounter in her work?
the idea that birth control and the women who used it were indecent
Whom did the People’s Party hope to represent?
all struggling laborers
What portion of American workers were wage-earning manual laborers?
more than half
One of the most dramatic moments of the Scopes Trial occurred when
Darrow called Bryan to the stand
What conflict came to symbolize the brutality associated with the conquest of the West?
the Wounded Knee Massacre
What was one disadvantage of the rise of industrialization for American workers?
Corporations came to control the conditions and nature of work
As the leader of the American Railway Union, Eugene Debs led
a strike against the Pullman Palace Car Company
The Pendleton Act of 1883
opened government jobs to those who passed an exam
The year 1886 saw the labor movement unify behind the move for
the eight-hour day
How did many conservative politicians view government regulation of business during the late nineteenth century?
as a dangerous form of socialism
Frank W. Woolworth’s stores were known as
“five and dime” stores
Which of the following best characterizes the stories of Horatio Alger?
They reinforced the ideal of the self-made man
What factored into the migration of Americans from rural to urban areas?
technological innovations
What was the Open Door Policy?
an international agreement to keep China open to trade with all nations
What did John D. Rockefeller and other members of the upper class believe was the source of poverty?
individual failures
Where did cattle ranching and cattle drives originate?
Texas
Why did the federal government institute the Dollar Diplomacy policy?
to maintain U.S. economic dominance in Latin America
George Eastman created a successful business based on his invention of the
camera
Much of the culture of the American cowboy was derived from the traditions of which group?
Mexicans
Rationales for imperialism at the turn of the twentieth century included all of the following ideas EXCEPT that
the United States desired a vast buffer zone against Asian encroachment
After buying the project from the Panama Canal Company, how did the United States gain control of the region where the Panama Canal was built?
U.S. naval forces supported the Panamanian revolt against Colombia
The Kellogg-Briand Pact provided for all of the following EXCEPT that it
guaranteed that other nations would provide military aid to the United States
Frederick Taylor’s scientific management system involved all of the following EXCEPT
providing more autonomy for the factory laborer
Which of the following was NOT relinquished by Spain as a result of the Spanish-American War?
Panama
Founded in 1866 by William Sylvis, the National Labor Union was
the first attempt to build a national labor movement
The press stirred up rage over what aspect of the Haymarket Riot?
the death of seven policemen
The Progressive agenda mainly reflected the values of
the middle class
In Lochner v. New York the Supreme Court ruled that

Answer

the government should not interfere with an employee’s negotiating his own work schedule unless the hours jeopardized health
The main goal of the Dawes Severalty Act was
assimilation.
After the Civil War, a leading trend in business was the increase in exports of
manufactured goods
Which statement is true about both lynch mobs and the Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s?
They were unashamed of their actions and unafraid to reveal their identities.
As the leader of the American Railway Union, Eugene Debs led
a strike against the Pullman Palace Car Company
President Wilson’s primary opponent on the matter of the League of Nations was
Henry Cabot Lodge
The Immigration Act of 1924 significantly restricted emigration from
Eastern Europe
Americans generally viewed buffalo as
obstacles to development
All of the following nations were among the Central Powers EXCEPT
Japan
Henry Ford’s policies benefited workers in all of the following ways EXCEPT by
honoring their private lives without interference
Who led the American Federation of Labor as it became the largest organization of workers in the United States?
Samuel Gompers
The main Asian imperialist power around the turn of the twentieth century was
Japan.
What is a protectorate?
a country or territory under the protective authority of a stronger nation
Who was Emilio Aguinaldo?
the Filipino leader who declared independence from Spain
Regarding the increase in female workers, most Americans believed that
married women should leave the paid workforce
President Wilson offset lost tariff revenues by relying on
revenue created by the first federal income tax
What was the Great Migration?
the mass movement of African Americans from the rural South to the urban North
Why was Frank Woolworth able to set low prices for his merchandise?
He bought huge quantities of goods at a discount from wholesalers and manufacturers
What is one way that the American Federation of Labor (AFL) differed from the Knights of Labor?
The AFL did not welcome African Americans
The year 1886 saw the labor movement unify behind the move for
the eight-hour day
Jazz could best be described as a melding of European musical traditions and
African-American music
Which statement about women and children in the work force is NOT true?
Women and children were typically paid the same as men in similar occupations
The American Protective Association specifically focused on
restricting the entry of Catholic immigrants
Institutions established in the 1880s to provide social and educational services for the poor were called
settlement houses
Booker T. Washington believed that race relations would improve
if African Americans focused on economic advancement and remained patient
Charles Lindbergh became a celebrity when he
completed the first nonstop, solo flight across the Atlantic
Which nation did Austria-Hungary hold responsible for the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand?
Serbia
The Progressive movement was driven by
a general belief that moderate reforms were needed to help cure social ills
During the war, most enlisted African Americans worked
as laborers.
What happened at Wounded Knee, South Dakota in 1890?
More than two hundred Sioux Ghost Dancers were slaughtered.
Who did the Populists nominate as their presidential candidate in 1892?
James B. Weaver
Why did many married African-American women take part in the paid workforce?
out of economic necessity
Suburbanization in the 1920s
was made possible by the success of the automobile
Pueblo society was noted for its
agriculture and trade with Mexican ranchers.
All of the following nations were among the Central Powers EXCEPT
Japan
In 1890, in conjunction with the Sherman Silver Purchase Act, Congress passed a bill
creating higher tariffs
When was Prohibition repealed?
during the Great Depression
Frederick Taylor’s scientific management system involved all of the following EXCEPT
providing more autonomy for the factory laborer
Which nation was excluded from the Paris Peace Conference?
Germany
Why did the federal government institute the Dollar Diplomacy policy?
to maintain U.S. economic dominance in Latin America
The Reparations Committee at the Paris Peace Conference set a reparations bill of $33 billion in gold for which nation to pay?
Germany
How did Henry Ford’s innovations affect consumers?
They could buy cars for much less money than before
Public education was promoted as a means of
Americanizing immigrant children
Jazz could best be described as a melding of European musical traditions and
African-American music
In response to the Pullman strike, President Cleveland opted to
send in federal troops to back a court order and end the strike
President Wilson promoted all of the following in his Fourteen Points speech to Congress EXCEPT
U.S. territorial expansion
Why did many married African-American women take part in the paid workforce?
out of economic necessity
President Wilson’s response to the sinking of the Lusitania
included a demand that Germany pay reparations.
During the Gilded Age, more and more people bought homes in suburban areas for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
their proximity to banks and department stores
The government funded the war effort primarily by
selling war bonds
Booker T. Washington believed that race relations would improve
if African Americans focused on economic advancement and remained patient
What was the purpose of the annual Long Drives?
to bring cattle to market
The American Protective Association specifically focused on
restricting the entry of Catholic immigrant
By 1900, all of the following were true of the railroad industry EXCEPT that
the shipment of goods by rail was more costly than other forms of transportation
Who emerged as the leader of the Knights of Labor, the nation’s first large union?
Terrence Powderly
Charles Lindbergh became a celebrity when he
completed the first nonstop, solo flight across the Atlantic.
What portion of American workers were wage-earning manual laborers?
more than half
The American Federation of Labor (AFL) excluded unskilled workers from its membership rolls because AFL leaders believed unskilled workers
were weak and unreliable
Rationales for imperialism at the turn of the twentieth century included all of the following ideas EXCEPT that
the United States desired a vast buffer zone against Asian encroachment
Which resulted from the popularity of The Jungle by Upton Sinclair?
federal regulation of meat production
What did the fate of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890 demonstrate?
Congress was in league with big business
In the Sand Creek Massacre,
American forces slaughtered peaceful Cheyenne
The central business districts of cities tended to include
department stores, banks, and offices
The press stirred up rage over what aspect of the Haymarket Riot?
the death of seven policemen
Major outcomes of the Spanish-American War included which of the following?
the emergence of the United States as a world power
The Kellogg-Briand Pact provided for all of the following EXCEPT that it
guaranteed that other nations would provide military aid to the United States
Founded in 1866 by William Sylvis, the National Labor Union was
the first attempt to build a national labor movement
What effect did the Bolshevik revolution have on World War I?
Russia made peace with the Central Powers.
Leading up to the Spanish-American War, the yellow press
used sensationalism to stir up war fever
The main Asian imperialist power around the turn of the twentieth century was
Japan.
The first big business in the United States was the
railroad industry
Which resulted from the Spanish-American War?
Cuba became a de facto protectorate of the United States
To entrepreneurs, such pastimes as baseball were business. What does this fact reveal about the new concept of leisure time?
It provided opportunities for some to make money
As a result of the Dawes Severalty Act,
Native Americans lost a large portion of their land
The Grangers were members of a society of
Western farmers
Which of the following best characterizes the political machines of the late nineteenth century?
They were corrupt political organizations
After 1880, immigrants from which of the following regions began to dominate the numbers of those coming to the United States?
Southern and Eastern Europe
In the 1920s, American women were primarily employed as
secretaries and telephone operators
In campaigning for president, Woodrow Wilson promised “New Freedom,” which prioritized
competition in the marketplace
The Morrill Land Grant College Act was designed to promote
agricultural and technical education
Which of the following best describes the American Federation of Labor?
It represented only skilled workers
What was the Boxer Rebellion?
a nationalist uprising against foreigners in China
The main goal of the Dawes Severalty Act was
assimilation.
The Central Pacific Railroad began its work on the transcontinental railroad in
California
Which Republican incumbent was defeated in 1912 when his party split into Progressive and conservative factions?
William Howard Taft
Which nation did Austria-Hungary hold responsible for the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand?
Serbia
What is a protectorate?
a country or territory under the protective authority of a stronger nation
Whom did the People’s Party hope to represent?
all struggling laborers
The year 1886 saw the labor movement unify behind the move for
the eight-hour day
The Grangers were members of a society of
Western farmers
The temperance movement attracted all of the following EXCEPT
working-class men
The primary goal of the American government’s imperialistic policies was
economic opportunity.
Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle focused on the problems of immigrants who worked
in the meatpacking industry
During the Gilded Age, more and more people bought homes in suburban areas for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
their proximity to banks and department stores
Who did the Populists nominate as their presidential candidate in 1892?
James B. Weaver
George Eastman created a successful business based on his invention of the
camera
Leading up to the Spanish-American War, the yellow press
used sensationalism to stir up war fever
After buying the project from the Panama Canal Company, how did the United States gain control of the region where the Panama Canal was built?
U.S. naval forces supported the Panamanian revolt against Colombia.
During the war, most enlisted African Americans worked
as laborers.
In his 1895 “Atlanta Exposition Address,” Booker T. Washington claimed to accept segregation if
it did not impede the economic progress of African Americans
What is one way that the American Federation of Labor (AFL) differed from the Knights of Labor?
The AFL did not welcome African Americans
Many members of the Workingmen’s Benevolent Association were
Irish immigrants
What did the Seventeenth Amendment do?
It provided for the direct popular election of U.S. senators
Which nation was excluded from the Paris Peace Conference?
Germany
Which resulted from the popularity of The Jungle by Upton Sinclair?
federal regulation of meat production
Why did anti-imperialist William Jennings Bryan support the Treaty of Paris?
so that the U.S. could grant the Philippines its independence
Which of the following was NOT a writer associated with the Lost Generation?
Sigmund Freud
When was Prohibition repealed?
during the Great Depression
Charles Lindbergh became a celebrity when he
completed the first nonstop, solo flight across the Atlantic.
The Immigration Act of 1924 significantly restricted emigration from
Eastern Europe
Founded in 1887, the Interstate Commerce Commission could initially best be described as
unsubstantial and ineffectual.
Who led the American Federation of Labor as it became the largest organization of workers in the United States?
Samuel Gompers
The Progressive movement was driven by
a general belief that moderate reforms were needed to help cure social ills
The main goal of the Dawes Severalty Act was
assimilation.
President Coolidge was asked to sign a treaty with France renouncing war, and decided to
negotiate a nonaggression pact with multiple nations instead
Why was Frank Woolworth able to set low prices for his merchandise?
He bought huge quantities of goods at a discount from wholesalers and manufacturers
All of the following nations were among the Central Powers EXCEPT
Japan
Henry Ford’s policies benefited workers in all of the following ways EXCEPT by
honoring their private lives without interference
Rationales for imperialism at the turn of the twentieth century included all of the following ideas EXCEPT that
the United States desired a vast buffer zone against Asian encroachment
How did many conservative politicians view government regulation of business during the late nineteenth century?
as a dangerous form of socialism
In the West, the industrial revolution took the form of railroads and
mining.
Much of the culture of the American cowboy was derived from the traditions of which group?
Mexicans
Frederick Taylor’s scientific management system involved all of the following EXCEPT
providing more autonomy for the factory laborer
The leader of the American Expeditionary Forces was
John J. Pershing.
In the Zimmerman Telegram, German foreign minister Arthur Zimmermann negotiated in support of
a border war between Mexico and the United States.
In educating Native American children as required by the Dawes Severalty Act, the government opted to establish
off-reservation boarding schools where children were required to abandon their Native American ways
The Western Front was characterized by a complex system of trenches that ran for over 400 miles from the North Sea to
Switzerland
Suburbanization in the 1920s
was made possible by the success of the automobile
President Wilson’s primary opponent on the matter of the League of Nations was
Henry Cabot Lodge
Which act prohibited anti-government speech during the war?
the Sedition Act
One of the most dramatic moments of the Scopes Trial occurred when
Darrow called Bryan to the stand
What portion of American workers were wage-earning manual laborers?
more than half
Proponents of the Social Gospel believed that
Christians had a responsibility to address social
The National Alliance was formed from a coalition of
farmers’ organizations

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