American Imperialism Prep Exam
A.the economic and political domination of a strong nation over weaker ones
B.the building of secret alliances among powerful nations
C.the internal expansion of territories within one’s own borders
D.the political desire to bring economic prosperity to one’s country
A.There was a lack of laborers for factories, and owners searched for cheap labor elsewhere.
B.Goods from factories were able to be shipped overseas at very low prices.
C.No country had access to all the natural resources needed to run their industries.
D.Factories generated a great deal of wealth that investors wanted to make use of.
A.England had a duty to spread its country across the globe.
B.English-speaking countries were superior to others.
C.colonies must be assimilated into American culture.
D.Americans should stay out of international affairs.
A.a willingness to go to war to protect American interests overseas
B.a desire to forge alliances with European nations
C.the hope that Europe and America would join forces economically
D.the anger at Britain’s colonization in Africa
A.Japan began trading with America but remained aloof from American culture.
B.Japan formed an alliance with China to protect their interests.
C.The Japanese began an industrial revolution of their own.
D.The Japanese refused to change and maintained a closed society
A.to increase Latin American exports to the United States
B.to limit Latin American exports to the United States
C.to increase Latin American demand for American products
D.to spread American culture to the people of Latin America
The idea that the U.S. and Latin America should work together became known as
a. Asia was a growing market for American goods.
b. China purchased the least amount of U.S. exports.
c. Europe became less important as a market for U.S. goods.
d. Vast Chinese markets excited American business leaders.
a. Asia and Africa were producing goods that Europeans wanted.
b. tariffs had reduced trade among industrialized nations.
c. they could sell their goods at higher prices in Asia and Africa.
d. they were producing more than other industrialized nations could buy.
d. the Philippines.
a. client state.
We, the undersigned, native Hawaiian citizens . . . who are members of the Hawaiian Patriotic League of the Hawaiian Islands, and others who are in sympathy with the said League, earnestly protest against the . . . [addition] of the said Hawaiian Islands to the said United States of America in any form or shape.
— Petition, 1897What were these Hawaiian citizens protesting?
a. The forced annexation of the islands as a U.S. territory after the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy
b. The classification of the islands as a protectorate after the Hawaiian government signed a treaty with the United States
c. The granting of U.S. statehood to the islands after they were purchased from the Hawaiian monarch
d. The colonization of the islands by political refugees from the United
a. Filipinos were likely to rebel against American control.
b. competition from Filipino labor would drive down American wages.
c. Filipinos would not be capable of living under American democracy.
d. opening new markets would actually harm American businesses.
a. the Boxer Rebellion.
b. the Open Door policy.
c. the Pan-American conference.
d. the Spanish-American War.
a. compete with Latin American nations.
b. keep its economy strong.
c. protect its overseas investments.
d. provide inexpensive labor.
a. blockading the island.
b. passing a tariff on sugar.
c. preventing trade with Spain.
d. withdrawing American investments.
b. from England.
c. from the United States.
d. part of the Spanish military.
a. was necessary for maintaining influence in Asia.
b. was vital to U.S. power in the world.
c. would benefit the people of Central America.
d. would establish a new market for U.S. goods.
a. brought American ideals to people who were not ready for them.
b. contradicted fundamental principles of the United States.
c. provided a large market for American goods.
d. reaffirmed the United States as a world power.
a. calls for assistance from Cuban rebels.
b. jingoism within the Republican Party.
c. panic among Americans in Cuba.
d. war fever within the U.S. military.
a. dollar diplomacy
c. Open Door policy
d. the Roosevelt Corollary
a. North American Free Trade Agreement.
b. North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
c. Pan-American Union.
d. Organization of American States.
a. bought most of its manufactured goods from Europe.
b. exported manufactured goods to the United States.
c. relied on the United States for additional raw materials.
d. sold raw materials to Europe at a much lower price.
a. attacks on U.S. interests must be met with a strong military response.
b. displaying U.S. power to the world would deter nations from fighting.
c. imperialism violates fundamental American principles.
d. the United States has an obligation to promote development in other nations.
c. the Philippines.
a. April 1902.
b. December 1898.
c. February 1899.
d. March 1901.
c. the Pacific.
d. South America.
a. The Spanish fleet was effective, but Spanish soldiers were ill-prepared.
b. The Spanish military was ill-prepared and ineffective.
c. The Spanish military was prepared for battle and very effective.
d. Spanish soldiers were highly effective, but the Spanish fleet was not prepared.
a. exert influence over the governments of Latin American countries.
b. lift Latin America countries out of poverty and social disorder.
c. prevent European countries from intervening in Latin America.
d. protect U.S. investments in Latin America from local rebellions.
a. compete aggressively with European powers for global influence.
b. engage in free trade with nations in Central and Latin America.
c. promote democracy to create a world free of revolution and war.
d. retreat from any involvement in the affairs of foreign nations.
a. Beijing Rebellion.
b. Boxer Rebellion.
c. China Rebellion.
d. Secret Rebellion.
a. not to use their influence to close Chinese markets to other nations.
b. not to discriminate against other nations doing business in their sphere of influence.
c. to demand compensation for damages incurred during the Boxer Rebellion.
d. to establish a system for defending their interests from rebellions in China.
a. forcing out German forces.
b. increasing U.S. influence there.
c. overthrowing General Huerta.
d. promoting democracy there.
a. caused the Spanish to panic and flee.
b. destroyed every vessel in the Spanish fleet.
c. fought the Spanish fleet to a standstill.
d. secured the surrender of the Spanish forces.
a. China and Japan.
b. Japan and England.
c. Japan and Russia.
d. China and Russia.
a. allowed Puerto Ricans to elect their own governor.
b. granted Puerto Ricans U.S. citizenship.
c. granted statehood to Puerto Rico.
d. recognized Puerto Rico as an independent nation.
a. American commonwealth.
b. American protectorate.
c. independent country.
d. unincorporated territory.
a. an advantage over the United States.
b. a market for Chinese goods.
c. a protectorate in Asia.
d. a sphere of influence in China.
a. Roosevelt placed more emphasis on diplomacy and less on the use of military force.
b. Roosevelt supported the Open Door policy in China and Taft did not.
c. Taft placed less emphasis on military force and more on economic development.
d. Taft supported intervening in Latin America to preserve stability and Roosevelt did not.
a. drive profits higher for American and European manufacturers.
b. increase the price of American products in Latin America.
c. lower the price of raw materials from Latin America.
d. turn the Latin Americans away from European products.
—U.S. President William McKinleyIn the excerpt, when McKinley says that the Philippines “dropped into our laps,” he is describing the
a. annexation of the Philippines during the Spanish-American War.
b. defeat of the Spanish fleet by Commodore George Dewey.
c. defeat of Filipino guerillas by U.S. military forces.
d. establishment of an American naval base in Manila Bay.
a. extend American influence in Central and South America.
b. maintain economic and political stability in the Western Hemisphere.
c. protect American business interests and investments in Latin America.
d. shape the less-civilized nations in the Western Hemisphere.
a. damage American investments in Cuba.
b. encourage American intervention in Cuba.
c. exterminate Cuban rebel forces.
d. prevent them from aiding Cuban rebels.
a. build up the militaries of Latin American allies.
b. deploy U.S. battleships to Latin America.
c. negotiate treaties with major European powers.
d. replace European loans with loans from U.S. banks.
a. President Roosevelt’s “big stick” policy.
b. diseases that sickened workers.
c. objections in Congress to the canal.
d. Panama’s revolt against Colombia.
a. an American protectorate.
b. in financial distress.
c. granted autonomy by Spain.
d. a U.S. trading partner.
b. the Dominican Republic.
a. American military might should be unrivaled in the world.
b. European imperialism threatened to harm less-developed nations in Asia and Africa.
c. the nation was destined to expand overseas and spread its civilization to others.
d. the United States had much to learn from less-developed nations.
• Residents granted U.S. citizenship in 1917
• Governors have been elected by popular vote since 1948
• Adopted both a constitution and commonwealth status in 1952Which of the following best replaces the question mark in this list of information about Puerto Rico?
a. Became a U.S. state during the Reconstruction era
b. Was ceded to the United States as a result of the Spanish-American War
c. Signed an annexation treaty with the United States after World War I
d. Was promised U.S. military protection as part of Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points
2. The U.S. Congress declares war.
3. The Treaty of Paris is signed.How did these events affect the United States?
a. They increased public support for cuts in U.S. defense spending.
b. They prompted the end of Dollar Diplomacy in Latin America.
c. They set a precedent of including territorial acquisitions in settlements.
d. They helped establish the United States as an imperial power similar to European nations.
U.S. control of Puerto Rico
U.S. control of Guam = ?Which sentence provides information needed to complete both the cause and effect portions of this diagram?
a. The 1898 Spanish-American War led to world power status for the United States.
b. The 1914 opening of the Panama Canal encouraged international trade.
c. The 1919 Treaty of Versailles contributed to the start of World War II in Europe.
d. The 1929 stock-market crash set off the Great Depression in the United States.
a. Increased U.S. foreign aid to the developing countries in South America
b. Increased U.S. public support for the construction of a canal through Central America
c. Decreased U.S. economic influence in the Western Hemisphere
d. Decreased U.S. naval presence in the Caribbean Sea
• Statement 2: Rebuilding its devastated army cost the United States an enormous amount of money.
• Statement 3: The acquisition of new territories allowed for the expansion of U.S. commercial trade.
• Statement 4: Territorial losses forced the United States to purchase expensive natural resources from other countries.Which statement would most likely be found in a history of the economic impact of the Spanish-American War on the United States?
a. Statement 1
b. Statement 2
c. Statement 3
d. Statement 4
a. The founding of women’s colleges
b. The introduction of prison reform
c. The assimilation of immigrants
d. The establishment of public libraries
a. campaigning for women’s suffrage
b. advocating the use of poll taxes
c. making improvements in urban infrastructure
d. Providing public assistance for former slaves
a. the growth of big business
b. involvement in foreign wars
c. the acquisition of foreign territories
d. increased temperance regulations
a. Congress passed a law requiring all public lands to be sold at auction.
b. Congress passed a law allowing people to claim public land and convert it to private property through homesteading.
c. Speculators bought large parcels of land and then built factory towns to attract new immigrants.
d. Native Americans sold most of their tribal lands directly to railroad companies.
a. prevent party leaders from amending campaign platforms
b. increase the influence of business owners on regulatory legislation
c. promote the principle of direct democracy
d. limit the use of judicial review by circuit courts
—Upton Sinclair, The Jungle, 1906
Public response to revelations such as the one in this excerpt led to the establishment of regulations that were eventually enforced by the —
a. Food and Drug Administration
b. Centers for Disease Control
c. Department of Commerce
d. Institution of Education Sciences
a. Social and economic class divisions began to disappear.
b. Concerns about air pollution led to stricter environmental regulations.
c. Union membership increased as workers sought better pay and conditions.
d. Factory owners introduced wage-equity policies for women in the workplace.
a. people in lower classes were not capable of economic success
b. immigration weakened national unity
c. the government should take responsibility for the well-being of people
d. poverty could be eradicated through increased economic regulation
Reasons for Economic Problems of the Gilded Age
• Rapid growth of trusts and monopolies
• Ruthless business tactics of robber barons
• Use of unfair practices by the railroads such as rebates, pools, and differential rates
One way the U.S. government responded to the problems caused by the conditions in the list above was by —
a. passing the Interstate Commerce Act
b. implementing the silver standard for currency
c. creating a federal jobs program for the unemployed
d. establishing a new tax on capital gains
a. Workers secured a greater share of company profits.
b. The influence of labor unions on factory owners was reduced.
c. The federal government could dissolve business monopolies.
d. Businesses were required to pay fees to open overseas locations.
a. The rapid influx of immigrants made it difficult for local governments to provide basic services.
b. Federal restrictions prevented voters from influencing government decisions at the local level.
c. The economy was too tightly regulated to allow urban growth.
d. Settlement houses failed to help immigrants adjust to life in the city.
a. Interest on a bank loan
b. Property taxes to the government
c. Rent to a landlord
d. Wages to hourly employees
a. Fixed costs
d. Vertical integration
a. Accepting bribes from business owners to route railroad tracks through their towns
b. Achieving a monopoly in hauling freight along their railroad’s tracks
c. Conspiring with other railroads to set high prices
d. Paying inflated bills from a construction company that they controlled
a. A holding company
b. A monopoly
c. Horizontal integration
d. Vertical integration
a. Federal government
b. Free market
c. Gross national product
d. Individual states
Passed by Congress in 1914, the Clayton Antitrust Act outlawed practices that restricted competition but
a. allowed price discrimination.
b. did not break up monopolies.
c. exempted labor unions.
d. permitted unfair trade practices.
Which of the following progressive reforms permitted citizens to introduce legislation and required legislatures to vote on the legislation?
a. direct primary
Under a federal reserve system, banks would have to keep part of their deposits in one of 12 reserve banks, which would
a. Allow banks to offer higher interest rates to customers
b. Encourage banks to make more loans to businesses
c. Provide a cushion against unexpected financial losses
d. Protect banks from competition with foreign nations
b. Knight of Labor
d. Pullman Company
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