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AP Gov ch. 13 Vocab Presidency

impeachment
A constitutional procedure by which federal judges and civil officers can be removed from office before their terms expire
25th Amendment
Legislation that specifies the conditions and order of succession to the presidency and vice presidency when the president leaves office before completion of his term
“in-and-outers”
People who alternate between jobs in the federal government and employment in the private sector
White House Office
Presidential staff who oversee the policy interests of the president
veto message
A statement sent to Congress by the president giving the reasons for vetoing a bill
prime minister
The chief executive in a parliamentary system who is chosen by the legislature
executive privilege
The presidential assertion of the right to withhold certain information from Congress
Office of Management and Budget
The organization responsible for preparing the federal budget and for central clearance of legislative proposals from federal agencies
independent agencies
Agencies headed by appointees who serve for fixed terms and can be removed only “for cause”
impoundment of funds
A presidential refusal to spend money appropriated by Congress
Executive Office of the President
Agencies that perform staff services for the president but are not part of the White House
line-item veto
The right of some governors and the president in a limited way since 1996 to veto only portions of a bill instead of having to veto the entire bill (ended in 1998)
electoral college
A legal system by which states select electors who then vote for the president and vice president
Article II
A statement that defines the constitutional powers of the president
ad hoc structure
A method of organizing a president’s staff in which several task forces, committees, and informal groups deal indirectly with the president
cabinet
A president’s council of advisers
circular structure
A method of organizing a president’s staff in which several presidential assistants report directly to the president
direct democracy
A political system in which all or most citizens participate directly by either holding office or making policy
divided government
A government in which one party controls the White House and another party controls one or both houses of Congress
lame duck
A politician who is still in office after having lost a reelection bid
legislative veto
The rejection of a presidential or administrative action by a vote of one or both houses of Congress without the consent of the president
representative democracy
A political system in which leaders and representatives acquire political power by means of a competitive struggle for the people’s vote
unified government
A government in which the same party controls the White House and both houses of Congress
perks
The fringe benefits of holding an office
pocket veto
A form of veto in which the president fails to sign a bill passed by both houses within ten days and Congress has adjourned during that time
pyramid structure
A method of organizing a president’s staff in which most presidential assistants report through a hierarchy to the president’s chief of staff

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