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ap psych unit 10 test study guide

Rationalization
The defense mechanism in which self justifying explanation replace the real, unconscious reasons for actions
Displacement
Refers to the process by which people redirect aggressive or sexual impulses toward less threatening targets
Defense mechanism sublimation
The transformation of unacceptable impulses into social valued motivations
Terror management theory
Emphasizes that anxiety is triggered by an awareness of ones impending death
Humanistic approach
Emphasizes the importance of our capacity for healthy growth and self-realization; would most likely be criticized for underestimating the value of social obligations; criticized for underestimating the human predisposition to engage in destructive and evil behaviors
Alfred Adler
Neo-Freudian; coined the term “inferiority complex”
Karen Horney
Emphasized that childhood anxiety is caused by a sense of helplessness.
Carl Jung
Neo-Freudian theorist; referred to a shared reservoir of memory traces from our species history as the collective unconscious
Abraham Maslow
Hierarchy of needs; studied the lives of Lincoln, Jefferson, and Roosevelt to understand the nature of self-actualization
Carl Rogers
People nurture our growth by being genuine, accepting and empathetic; referred to an attitude of total acceptance toward another person as unconditional positive regards
Projective tests
Most closely associated with the psychoanalytic approach; Thematic Apperception Test requires people to respond to ambiguous pictures; False Consensus effect

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