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apes chapter 26

anthropocentric
Human-centered. Compare biocentric.
biocentric
Life-centered. Compare anthropocentric.
deep ecology environmental worldview
Earth-centered worldview that calls for us to think more deeply about our obligations toward both human and nonhuman life.
earth-centered environmental worldview
See environmental wisdom worldview.
ecofeminist environmental worldview
Women should be given the same rights as men and be treated as equal partners in our joint quest to develop more environmentally sustainable and socially just societies.
environmental ethics
Human beliefs about what is right or wrong environmental behavior.
environmental wisdom worldview
Beliefs that (1) nature exists for all the earth’s species and we are not in charge of the earth; (2) resources are limited, should not be wasted, and are not all for us; (3) we should encourage earth-sustaining forms of economic growth and discourage earth-degrading forms of economic growth; and (4) our success depends on learning how the earth sustains itself and integrating such lessons from nature into the ways we think and act. Compare frontier environmental worldview, planetary management worldview, spaceship-earth worldview, stewardship worldview.
environmental worldview
How people think the world works, what they think their role in the world should be, and what they believe is right and wrong environmental behavior (environmental ethics).
human-centered environmental worldviews
Humans are the planet’s most important species and should become managers or stewards of the earth. See planetary management worldview, stewardship worldview.
life-centered environmental worldview
Belief that we have an ethical responsibility to prevent degradation of the earth’s ecosystems, biodiversity, and biosphere, and that there is inherent or intrinsic value of all forms of life, regardless of their potential or actual use to humans.
planetary management worldview
Beliefs that (1) as the planet’s most important species, we are in charge of the earth; (2) we will not run out of resources because of our ability to develop and find new ones; (3) the potential for economic growth is essentially unlimited; and (4) our success depends on how well we manage the earth’s life-support systems mostly for our own benefit. See spaceship-earth worldview. Compare environmental wisdom worldview, stewardship worldview.
spaceship-earth worldview
View of the earth as a spaceship: a machine that we can understand, control, and change at will by using advanced technology. See planetary management worldview. Compare environmental wisdom worldview, stewardship worldview.
stewardship worldview
Beliefs that (1) we are the planet’s most important species but we have an ethical responsibility to care for the rest of nature; (2) we will probably not run out of resources but they should not be wasted; (3) we should encourage environmentally beneficial forms of economic growth and discourage environmentally harmful forms of economic growth; and (4) our success depends on how well we can manage the earth’s life-support systems for our benefit and for the rest of nature. Compare environmental wisdom worldview, planetary management worldview, spaceship earth worldview.
worldview
How people think the world works and what they think their role in the world should be. See environmental wisdom worldview, planetary management worldview, spaceship-earth worldview.

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