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APES – Vocab Quiz (Integrated Waste Management – Natural Selection)

integrated waste management
the use of several options for the handling of solid wastes; includes recycling, waste reduction, composting, landfulling, and others
intrinsic value
an idea that things are valuable, without dollar value, just for their own being
keystone species
an organism that is absolutely necessary for the survival of many other species
kinetic energy
refers to energy of motion
K strategist
a reprodution approach where an organism has few offspring that are born at one time, and then the young are carefully cared for; typical of mammals and birds
la nina
a major climatic phenomenon characterized by intense easterly trade winds in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean; results in extensive disruption of weather around the world, often opposite to el nino
Lacey Act
the first national act, passed in 1900, that gave protection to wildlife by forbidding interstate commerce in illegally killed wildlife
landfill
a site where wastes (municipal, industrial, or chemical) are disposed of and sealed in large under or above ground cells
land subsidence
the phenomenon where land gradually sinks, due to excessive removal or ground water or oil
law of limiting factors
also known as Liebig’s Law of Minimums; an ecosystem can be limited by the absence or minimum amount of any one vital factor
LD 50
stands for lethal dose 50%, where half of organisms are killed due to an application of a pollutant
leachate
the mixture of water and materials that are leaching (moving) through the ground; typically pertains to landfills
legumes
a groups of land plants that have the ability to fix nitrogen; examples include peas, beans, alfalfa and clovers
limiting factor
a single factor that an organism must have for survival, regardless of how much of the other resources are present; ex. oxygen
limits of tolerance
the absolute extreme of any factor; ex. temperature or pressure that an organism can tolerate before it will die
litter
in an ecosystem it regers to leaves, twigs, and other dead plant matter
loam
a soil consisting of a mixture of about 40% sand, 40% silt, and 20% clay; considered the best soil for agriculture
maximum sustainable yield
the maximum amount of a renewable resource that can be taken year after year without depleting the resource
meltdown
when a nuclear reactor loses its cooling water and melts from the excessive heat produced; also known as the China Syndrome because it was once jokingly said that a complete meltdown would cause radioactive substances to melt to China
methane
a natural gas, CH4, that is produced through the decomposition orf organic material
microbe
any microscopic organism, such as bacteria, viruses, and protozoan
mitigation
used in restoring or moderating the quality or condition of an ecosystem; may reduce the intensity of a pollutant, or include replacing a clear cut forest to moderate or alleviate an environmental problem; may also include a punishment or penalty
microclimate
abiotic conditions of particular location in an ecosystem that may include a shaded area, a pond, etc.
monoculture
the growing of a single crop with the same genetic makeup over a very large area
monsoon
seasonal heavy rainfall
morbidity
the occurrence of disease in a population
mortality
the occurrence of death in a population
mutagenic
causing mutations, genetic disformities, and cancer
mutualism
a relationship between two organisms in which both organisms benefit from the relationship
municipal solid waste
refers to trash that is thrown away, mostly paper, from communities
natural biological control
used in sewage treatment to remove nitrogen and phosphorus
natural chemical control
use of one or more natural chemicals such as hormones or pheromones to control a pest
natural selection
states that organisms which are best suited for the environmental conditions of an ecosystem have a better chance of survival and passing their genes on to the next generation

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