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APUSH Ch33

Ohio Gang
Poker-playing cronies from Harding’s native state who contributed to the morally loose atmosphere of his administration
Adkins vs Children’s Hospital
Supreme Court ruling that removed workplace protection and invalidated a minimum wage for women
American Legion
WWI veteran’s group that promoted patriotism and economic benefits for former servicemen
Five Power Treaty of 1922
5 : 5 : 3
Agreement emerging from the Washington Disarmament Conference that reduced naval strength and established a ratio of warships among the major ship-building powers
Kellogg-Briand Pact of 1928
Toothless international agreement of 1928 that pledged nations to outlaw war
Teapot Dome
Naval oil reserve in Wyoming that gave its name to one of the major Harding administrative scandals
McNary-Haugen Bill
Farm proposal of the 1920s, passed by Congress but vetoed by the president, that provided for the federal government to buy farm surpluses and sell them abroad
Dawes Plan of 1924
American-sponsored arrangement for rescheduling German reparations payments that only temporarily eased the international debt tangle of the 1920s
Hoovercrats
Southern Democrats who turned against their party’s “wet”, Catholic nominee and voted for the Republican in 1938
Hawley-Smoot Tariff of 1930
Sky-high tariff bill of 1930 that deepened the depression and caused international financial chaos (killed international trade)
Black Tuesday
The climactic day of the Oct 29, 1929 Wall Street stock-market crash
Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC)
Hoover-sponsored federal agency that provided loans to hard-pressed banks and businesses after 1932
Bonus Expeditionary Force (BEF)
Encampment of unemployed veterans who were driven out of Washington by General Douglas MacArthur’s violent forces in 1932
Manchuria
The Chinese province invaded and overrun by the Japanese Army in 1932
Warren G Harding
Weak-willed president whose easygoing ways opened the door to widespread corruption in his administration
Charles Evans Hughes
Strong-mineded leader of Harding’s cabinet and initiator of major naval agreements
Andrew Mellon
Wealthy industrialist and conservative secretary of the treasury on the 1920s
Harry Sinclair
Wealthy oilman who bribed cabinet officials in the Teapot Dome scandal
John Davis
Weak, compromise Democratic candidate in 1924
Albert B Fall
Harding’s interior secretary, convicted of taking bribes for leases on federal oil reserves
Harry Daughtery
US attorney general and a member of Harding’s corrupt “Ohio Gang” who was forced to resign in administration scandals
Calvin Coolidge
Tight-lipped Vermonter who promoted frugality and pro-business policies during his presidency
Robert La Follette
Leader of a liberal third-party insurgency who attracted little support outside the farm belt
Herbert Hoover
Secretary of commerce through much of the 1920s whose reputation fro economic genius became a casualty of the Great Depression
Al Smith
The “Happy Warrior” who attracted votes in the cities but lost them in the south
Douglas MacArthur
Commander of the troops who forcefully ousted the “army” of unemployed veterans from Washington in 1932
Henry Stimson
Hoover’s secretary of state, who sought sanctions against Japan for its aggression in Manchuria
Republican pro-business policies weakened…
Labor unions and prevented the enforcement of progressive antitrust legislation
American concern about the arms race and the danger of war led to…
The successful Washington Disarmament Conference and the Five Power Naval Agreement in 1922
The high-tariff Fordney-McCumber Law of 1922 sustained…
American prosperity but pushed Europe into economic protectionism and turmoil
The loose moral atmosphere of Harding’s Washington encouraged…
Numerous federal officials to engage in corrupt dealings
The improved farm efficiency and production of the 1920s drove..
Crop prices down and created a rural economic depression
America’s demand for complete repayment of the Allie’s war debt aroused…
British and French anger and toughened their demands for German war reparations
Hoover’s media campaign and Smith’s political liabilities led to…
A Republican landslide in the election of 1928
The stock-market crash…
Plunged the US into the worst economic depression in its history
Domestic over expansion of production and dried-up international trade helped…
Cause the stock-market crash and deepen the Great Depression
Hoover’s limited efforts at federally sponsored relief and recovery failed to…
End the depression but did prevent more serious economic suffering

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