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Beef cattle management practices vocab

Seedstock producers
Cow/calf producers who produce breeding stock for purebred or commercial operation
Cow/ calf operations
Generally use purebred breeding stock in crossbreeding programs to produce commercial offspring
Stocker operations
Purchase weaning calves from cow/calf producers and feed them out on pasture land
Feedlots
Segment of the beef cattle industry with the sole purpose to feed and fatten cattle
Beef packers
Harvest finished cattle which are purchased from feedlots and other outlets
Flight zone
Cattles safety zone
Nutrition
Science which deals with food and its effects on health
Rations
Mixture of feed stuffs which provide a balanced diet containing high amounts of energy and protein needed for optimum growth of an animal
Concentrates
Feeds high in energy and low in fiber
Roughages
Feeds high in fiber ruminants animals with 4 compartment stomachs
Expected progeny difference (EPD)
Number estimate of breeding potential for characteristics such as gain muscling as maternal and carcass traits
Body conditions score
Number which describes the level of flesh or fat an animal possesses
Estrus standing heat
Regularly occurring state of sexual receptivity during which female will accept a male ovulation takes place
Gestation
Period of pregnancy in animals from time of conception to birth
Parturition
Process of giving birth
Dystocia
Trouble giving birth
Colostrum
Filled with antibodies paved road for future health immunity and survival of offspring
Castration
Removal of testicals of male animal

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