Benefit a company
Companies of the present day are increasingly realizing the importance of diversity due to the global market place, demographic changes, government-sponsorship programs and also the exposure to various information channels cultures causing a higher tolerance to different cultures (Wentling n. d. ) It can be said that the situation would be problematic for the company that cannot manage diversity effectively.
In fact, many case studies have shown that the organizations that manage diversity effectively experience less absenteeism and turnover, less managerial time and energy spent on resolving conflicts that could be settled between and among employees, improved productivity and safety, and a more positive public image. Another advantage of incorporating diversity in the organization is improved recruiting and retention capability (Gravett 2005). The major reason why companies strive to incorporate diversity within their organization is to improve productivity and to remain competitive.
Outward a company might show that the reason for diversification is due to notions of social and economic fairness and morality, the real need is to maintain and increase profits in national and global competition (Gravett 2005). What are some of the advantages and disadvantages of alternative work arrangements? The present day challenges faced by employees to balance home and work life and commutation time problems have lead to alternative work arrangements. The focus here is on the type of employment arrangement rather than type of work schedule.
Benefits – There are many advantages of AWA to both organization and the employee. • Employee can balance work and family life, due to flexible hours • Companies can improve their recruiting and retention rates • Companies can also control staff costs due to turnover • As expected this reduces absenteeism and this in turn increases productivity • In the environmental front, AWA reduces traffic and pollution • Employees reduce stress levels, anxiety, burn out and hence AWA causes a general increase in morale
• Employees also save on time an efforts for parking and commuting Limitations – There are many limitations of AWA which prevents it from becoming a rule of work culture: • Not all jobs can be done form home, especially that require special infrastructure • In addition it can be offered to only select employees based on their dedication • Management faces a lot of difficulty in tracking productivity and attendance • The level of communications between the organization and employees is weak (Emory)