Aims for customer satisfaction through early and continuous delivery of useful software components developed by an iterative process using the bare minimum requirements
The firm analyzes its en-user business requirements and refines project goals into defined functions and operations of the intended system.
Defects in the code of an information system.
The specific business requests the system must meet to be successful.
A person or event that is the catalyst for implementing major changes for a system to meet business changes.
Makes system changes to repair design flaws, coding errors, or implementation issues.
Estimates the shortest path through the project ensuring all critical tasks are completed from start to finish.
A logical relationship that exists between the project tasks, or between a project task and a milestone.
Establishes descriptions of the desired features and operations of the system including screen layouts, business rules, process diagrams, pseudo code, and other documentation.
Takes all the detailed design documents from the design phase and transforms them into the actual system.
Builds a small-scale representation or working model of the system to ensure it meets the user and business requirements.
The person or group who provides the financial resources for the project.
A group of people who respond to users’ questions
Implementation phase in SDLC
The organization places the system into production so users can begin to perform actual business operations with it.
Uses the professional expertise within an organization to develop and maintain its information technology systems.
Verifies that separate systems can work together passing data back and forth correctly.
Consists of series of tiny projects.
A trigger that enables a project manager to close the project before completion.
Contracting an outsourcing arrangement with a company in a nearby country.
Using organizations from developing countries to write code and develop systems.
An arrangement by which one organization provides a service or services for another organization that chooses not to perform them in-house.
Uses both the legacy system and new system until all users verify that the new system functions correctly.
Installs the new system in phases until it is verifies that it works correctly.
A small group uses the new system until it is verified that it works correctly, then the remaining users migrate to the new system.
Makes system changes to reduce the chance of future system failure.
Temporary activity a company undertakes to create a unique product , service, or result.
Any measurable, tangible, verifiable outcome, result, or item that is produced to complete a project or part of a project.
An individual who is an expert in project planning and management, defines and develops the project plan, and tracks the plan to ensure the project to completed on time and on budget.
Quantifiable criteria that must be met for the project to be considered a success.
Describes the business needs and the justification, requirements, and current boundaries for the project.
Individuals and organizations actively involved in the project or whose interests might be affected as a result of project execution or project completion.
Rapid application development (RAD) methodology
Emphasized extensive user involvement in the rapid and evolutionary construction of working prototypes of a system, to accelerate the systems development process. .
Requirements definition document
Prioritizes all of the business requirements by order of importance to the company.
The process of managing changes to the business requirements throughout the project.
Defines all project roles and indicates what responsibilities are associated with each role.
Uses small teams to produce small pieces of software using a series of “sprints”, or 30-day intervals, to achieve an appointed goal.
A disciplined approach for constructing information systems through the use of common methods, techniques, or tools.
Verifies that the units or pieces of code function correctly when integrated.
Systems development life cycle (SDLC)
The overall process for developing information systems, from planning and analysis through implementation and maintenance.
Brings all the project pieces together into a special testing environment to eliminate errors and bugs and verify that the system meets all the business requirements defined in the analysis phase.
User acceptance testing (UAT)
Determines if the system satisfies the user and business requirements.
a sequence of phases in which the output of each phase becomes the input for the next.
Held in a classroom environment and led by an instructor.
Presents a formal report or audit of a project after it is up and running.
Information systems audit report
Assesses a company’s information system to determine necessary changes and to help ensure the information systems’ availability, confidentiality, and integrity.
Breaks a project into four phases, and developers cannot continue to the next phase until the previous phase is completed.
Detailed Internal report
Presents information with little or no filtering or restriction of the data.
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