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BUS 410 Chapter 9 Vocab

Agile Methodology
Aims for customer satisfaction through early and continuous delivery of useful software components developed by an iterative process using the bare minimum requirements
Analysis phase
The firm analyzes its en-user business requirements and refines project goals into defined functions and operations of the intended system.
Bugs
Defects in the code of an information system.
Business requirements
The specific business requests the system must meet to be successful.
Change agent
A person or event that is the catalyst for implementing major changes for a system to meet business changes.
Corrective maintenance
Makes system changes to repair design flaws, coding errors, or implementation issues.
Critical path
Estimates the shortest path through the project ensuring all critical tasks are completed from start to finish.
Dependency
A logical relationship that exists between the project tasks, or between a project task and a milestone.
Design Phase
Establishes descriptions of the desired features and operations of the system including screen layouts, business rules, process diagrams, pseudo code, and other documentation.
Development phase
Takes all the detailed design documents from the design phase and transforms them into the actual system.
Discovery prototyping
Builds a small-scale representation or working model of the system to ensure it meets the user and business requirements.
Executive sponsor
The person or group who provides the financial resources for the project.
Help desk
A group of people who respond to users’ questions
Implementation phase in SDLC
The organization places the system into production so users can begin to perform actual business operations with it.
In-sourcing
Uses the professional expertise within an organization to develop and maintain its information technology systems.
Integration testing
Verifies that separate systems can work together passing data back and forth correctly.
iterative development
Consists of series of tiny projects.
Kill switch
A trigger that enables a project manager to close the project before completion.
Nearshore outsourcing
Contracting an outsourcing arrangement with a company in a nearby country.
offshore outsourcing
Using organizations from developing countries to write code and develop systems.
Outsourcing
An arrangement by which one organization provides a service or services for another organization that chooses not to perform them in-house.
Parallel implementation
Uses both the legacy system and new system until all users verify that the new system functions correctly.
phased implementation
Installs the new system in phases until it is verifies that it works correctly.
Pilot implementation
A small group uses the new system until it is verified that it works correctly, then the remaining users migrate to the new system.
Preventive Maintenance
Makes system changes to reduce the chance of future system failure.
Project
Temporary activity a company undertakes to create a unique product , service, or result.
Project deliverable
Any measurable, tangible, verifiable outcome, result, or item that is produced to complete a project or part of a project.
Project Manager
An individual who is an expert in project planning and management, defines and develops the project plan, and tracks the plan to ensure the project to completed on time and on budget.
Project objective
Quantifiable criteria that must be met for the project to be considered a success.
Project scope
Describes the business needs and the justification, requirements, and current boundaries for the project.
Project stakeholders
Individuals and organizations actively involved in the project or whose interests might be affected as a result of project execution or project completion.
Rapid application development (RAD) methodology
Emphasized extensive user involvement in the rapid and evolutionary construction of working prototypes of a system, to accelerate the systems development process. .
Requirements definition document
Prioritizes all of the business requirements by order of importance to the company.
Requirements management
The process of managing changes to the business requirements throughout the project.
Responsibility Matrix
Defines all project roles and indicates what responsibilities are associated with each role.
SCRUM methodology
Uses small teams to produce small pieces of software using a series of “sprints”, or 30-day intervals, to achieve an appointed goal.
Software engineering
A disciplined approach for constructing information systems through the use of common methods, techniques, or tools.
System testing
Verifies that the units or pieces of code function correctly when integrated.
Systems development life cycle (SDLC)
The overall process for developing information systems, from planning and analysis through implementation and maintenance.
Testing phase
Brings all the project pieces together into a special testing environment to eliminate errors and bugs and verify that the system meets all the business requirements defined in the analysis phase.
User acceptance testing (UAT)
Determines if the system satisfies the user and business requirements.
Waterfall methodology
a sequence of phases in which the output of each phase becomes the input for the next.
Workshop training
Held in a classroom environment and led by an instructor.
Post-implementation reports
Presents a formal report or audit of a project after it is up and running.
Information systems audit report
Assesses a company’s information system to determine necessary changes and to help ensure the information systems’ availability, confidentiality, and integrity.
Extreme programming
Breaks a project into four phases, and developers cannot continue to the next phase until the previous phase is completed.
Detailed Internal report
Presents information with little or no filtering or restriction of the data.

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