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Case Study Application Essay

Case Study Application

            In the aspect of psychological application, the analysis and evaluation of the cases of each individual mainly requires considering and focusing on certain elements and factors contributory to the condition and problem of the patient. In this aspect, the scientific field of psychology explains the condition of the patient through correlating the nature of the situation with several views and perspective in the said field in an attempt to discover the significant reason for the occurrence of such case. In this application, there are several views in which to perceive the situation wherein certain element is highlighted in the process making it the basis for the analysis approach (Cappuzi, et al, 2003, 14). In this concern, three psychological perspectives becomes significant in the aspect of analyzing the conditions and problems of patients and determining the effective approach in dealing with them namely existential, person-centered, and gestalt therapy.

            As an example, consider the situation of Jake, 32-year old African suffering from depression. In analyzing this condition and determining the likely causes of the patient’s depression, this psychological evaluation will involve viewing the situation from three different perspectives.

            The views in the existentialism theory relates that man’s behavior is

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based on his relationship and understanding with his environment and the significant factors related to his life. This involves the concept of life and death including his relationship with these factors. In this perspective, man’s behavior is influence by these elements significantly affecting his emotions throughout life. Applying this in the situation denotes that Jake is experiencing depression because of an event in his life or a previous situation that possibly revealed to him an unfortunate encounter with death. It is likely, based on this view that the patient has loss a close relative or that he is conscious about his own fate. In addition to this, the theory of existentialism also relates that the condition of life of a person affect his or her psychological wellness and behavior. Considering the case, it is also likely that the depression being experienced by the patient is due to his certain dissatisfaction with his life and his purpose. Possible, he is experiencing unattachment to his purpose thus, causing depression to his psychological state. Because of which, proceeding with the treatment requires reassessment of the purpose and value of the patient’s life attempting to motivate his ideal passion. This treatment includes, attempting to remind him of his achievements and relate it to his life condition, thus, rekindling his views towards the purpose of his existence.

            The gestalt therapy approaches the problem through focusing on the present condition and situation of the patient in its attempt to understand the problem affecting the psychological state of the subject. This view relates the problem with the elements of environmental and social contexts, the therapist-client relationship, and the adjustment certain with the client as the present situation. Likewise, this perspective also emphasizes the important of personal responsibility to the condition of the psychological state (Beutler, 2002, 18). Applying this is in case of Jake, this therapy approach requires several encounter wherein the therapist will note the reactions and changes in the patient as he relate with his social environment. In this analysis, the therapist will examine the present condition and the reaction of the patient’s relationship in determining the cause of his depression. In addition, significant also to this approach is the evaluation of the patient’s relationship with his personal responsibility whether he is effectively realizing it or not. In this aspect, it is possible that the patient is experiencing depression because he is experiencing failure in his personal responsibility. In this therapy, it is important to develop the therapist-patient relationship in the attempt to understand and explore the present condition of the patient in his social environment through dialogical interfaces (Beutler, 2002, 19).

            The person-centered therapy offers the perspective of dealing with the patient’s problem through focusing on him or her in different aspects and influencing the subject towards achieving the effective state of realization. In this approach, the therapist develops or observes personal relationship with the patient in attempting to understand his condition and influence him towards promoting growth in the subject. Likewise, this approach also implies emphasis on the role of personal responsibility as a significant factor in the subject’s psychological condition. In this perspective, the therapy approach operates under the strong belief that human individuals are naturally good that tend to react upon correcting their ways (Beutler, 2002, 19). In application, focusing on the motive of influencing the patient in his personal desire to correct his way is indeed significant in addressing the depression problem of the patient. Through observation and indirect counseling approach, the therapist can understand and effectively address Jake’s depression problem.

            In general, there are different perspectives on the actual application of psychological therapy in which different approach is taken to understand and address the problem. Each of these approaches has a particular element is highlights in its attempt to address the patient’s psychological condition and positively influencing him or her towards achieving growth. In some aspect, each of these approaches is relative to each other on employing some elements namely the importance of personal responsibility on the client’s condition (Levy, 2003, 10). As a whole, though each perspective differ on some point from the other, all of which are related in their aim of addressing psychological problem of the patient and developing positive growth in their condition.(Levy, 2003, 19)


Capuzzi, David & Gross, Douglas R. (2003).  Counseling and Psychotherapy: Theories and Interventions. Pearson Education, Inc. Prentice Hall Publication. Trenton, New Jersey. 3rd Edition. ISBN: 0-536-98673-8.

Larry E. Beutler. (2002). Systematic Treatment Selection: Toward Targeted therapeutic Interventions. Routledge Publishing. Denver, Colorado. Second Edition.

Steven T. Levy. (2003). Principles of interpretation: Mastering clear and concise interventions in psychotherapy.  Jaso Aronson Publishing. Brooklyn New York.

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