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Ch. 12 – Congress In Action

party caucus
select’s the party’s leaders in each house of Congress
discharge petition
can force a committee to bring a bill to the floor of the House or Senate
quorum
the minimum number of legislators needed to conduct official business
rider
a provision added to a popular bill because it is unlikely to succeed on its own
select committee
a legislative committee created for a limited time and specific purpose
Speaker of the House
presiding officer of the House
President of the Senate
presiding officer of the Senate
President pro tempore
second presiding officer of the Senate
whips
assistant floor leaders
floor leaders
legistative strategists; carry out the decisons of the party
Committee Chairmen
the members that head the standing committees in each chamber
Senority Rule
unwritten; states that the most important posts in both the formal and party organization, will be held by those party members with the longest members of service
standing committee
panel where bills can be sent to get another view on them
joint committee
composed of both houses
conference committees
a temporary joint body, that is made to smooth out the differences between the House and the Senate
bill
proposed law
joint resolutions
similar to bills; when passed have the effect of law
concurrent resolutions
deal with matters in which the House and Senate must act jointly
resolution
deals with matters concerning either the House alone or taken up only by the House
Subcommittees
divisions of existing committees formed to address specific issues
Committee of the Whole
an old parlimenary device for speeding up business on the floor
engrossed
bill approved at 2nd Reading
filibuster
attempt to talk a bill to death
cloture
limits debate
veto
President’s refusal to sign a bill
pocket veto
If Congress adjourns it’s session within 10 days of submitting a bill to the President, and he does not act, the measure dies
pigeon-hole
kill a bill in committee
majority leader
hold majority of seats
minority leader
hold minority of seats

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