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Ch 13: The Presidency

Which of the following statements about the presidential veto is most accurate?
Use of the veto varies considerably across presidential administrations, and vetoes are seldom overridden.
An informal group of advisers to the president is often called the
Kitchen Cabinet
Which executive agency has the least discretion, as a result of very detailed congressional legislation?
the Internal Revenue Service
Federal executive agencies do each of the following in implementing legislation except
seek advisory opinions from the federal courts as to the constitutionality of the rules.
The expansion of the Executive Office of the President, the development of regulatory review, and the use of executive orders have been important because they
have given presidents substantial capacity to achieve significant policy results despite congressional opposition to their legislative agendas
The first lady is an important resource for the president in his capacity as
head of state
The president must share foreign policy powers with the
Congress
Which statement about the Cabinet is incorrect?
The Cabinet does not meet as a group, except during the State of the Union address
The Office of Management and Budget is important because
its personnel are an integral part of virtually every conceivable presidential responsibility, such as overseeing regulatory proposals, reporting on agency activities, and preparing the national budget
Why was it considered shocking when, after the Civil War, Andrew Johnson made a series of speeches seeking public support for his Reconstruction policies?
During the nineteenth century, it was seen as undignified for a president to campaign on his own behalf
A signing statement is a(n)
announcement the president makes about his interpretation of a congressional enactment he is signing into law.
The president’s expressed powers include all of the following except
partisan
Which of the following tactics did Franklin Roosevelt not use to forge a link between the executive office and the public?
running extensive national television advertising campaigns
The State of the Union address is
mandated by the Constitution
As a means of managing the gigantic executive branch, presidents have increasingly come to rely upon the
White House staff
The rise of national conventions to nominate the president led to the empowerment of what group?
state party leaders
The Office of Management and Budget and the Council of Economic Advisers are both parts of
the Executive Office of the President
The last time Congress exercised its constitutional power to declare war was in
1941
The president’s power to set the debate concerning public policy in Congress is called a(n)
legislative initiative
A significant initiative set forth by Lyndon Johnson was
the Great Society
What is required for Congress to override a presidential veto?
two-thirds of both houses of Congress
The National Security Council is composed of all of the following except the
Speaker of the House
Why is the president’s State of the Union address important?
It is an opportunity for the president to set the legislative agenda by initiating proposals and directing public attention to the executive’s goals
In undertaking the campaign against the Taliban in 2001, George W. Bush
sought and received congressional authorization for the bombing but not a declaration of war
An executive order is
a rule or regulation issued unilaterally by the president, with the status of a law
The decline of voting and political participation by Americans has which of the following effects?
It enhances the power of the president while weakening Congress
When Congress delegates power to the executive branch, it
substantially enhances the importance of the presidency
The office of the presidency was established by ______ of the Constitution.
Article II

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