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Ch. 15 Goal Setting

Which of the following (according to research by Filby et al.) would produce the best performance?
a combination of goals
Studies of goal setting in business have concluded that
goal setting works and works very well
According to the text, goals should be
difficult enough to be a challenge, yet realistic enough to achieve
Which of the following is (are) true regarding goal-setting practices of high school and
collegiate coaches?
the only disadvantage noted was setting goals unrealistically high
When formulating a goal-setting program with a novice goal setter, it is best to
help the person select one goal from a list of multiple goals she would like to pursue
Burton (1989a), in a study of basketball skills, found that
goal setting better enhanced performance on low- as compared with high-complexity tasks
Having a goal to “win the race” is an example of a (n) _____ goal, whereas having a goal to “improve my best time” is an example of a (n) ______ goal.
outcome; performance
The mechanistic explanation for goal-setting’s effectiveness includes
directing the performer’s attention to important elements of a skill, mobilizing effort and increasing persistence by providing incentives,
the development and employment of new learning strategies
Which of the following is NOT a common obstacle in setting goals?
goals are too unstructured
It is important to _____ throughout the entire goal-setting process.
provide feedback, provide support,
provide encouragement, reevaluate goals
In developing a goal-setting program, it is important for individuals to set
process, performance, and outcome goals
Dishman (1988) found that a spouse’s support is
a critical factor affecting exercise adherence
Which of the following is (are) useful for setting team goals?
monitoring progress toward team goals, fostering team confidence concerning team goals
After a five-month goal-setting program, swimmers were found to
have learned to set performance goals
“Chipping a bucket of golf balls onto a practice green three days a week” is an example of
a strategy for attaining the goal of “lower my handicap by three strokes”
Which of the following is (are) a common problem when setting goals?
failing to adjust goals, failing to recognize individual differences
Simply telling an athlete to “do your best” is
not specific enough
On the basis of 30 years of research, Locke and Latham propose seven steps to maximize goal-setting effectiveness. These steps include
developing goal commitment, evaluating barriers to goal attainment, adjusting goals for practice and competition
Which of the following is (are) useful for setting team goals?
monitoring progress toward team goals, fostering team confidence concerning team goals
The phrase “out of sight, out of mind” is a reminder to
write your goals down and place them where they can be easily seen
A formal assessment of an athlete’s current ability or needs is
part of the instructor-leader preparation stage of implementing a goal-setting program, great for identifying what areas you think the athlete needs to improve
According to the text, goals should be
difficult enough to be a challenge, yet realistic enough to achieve
Studies of goal setting in business have concluded that
goal setting works and works very well
The mechanistic explanation for goal-setting’s effectiveness includes
directing the performer’s attention to important elements of a skill, mobilizing effort and increasing persistence by providing incentives, the development and employment of new learning strategies
Directing a performer’s attention to important elements of a skill is
one way in which goal setting can influence performance
It is recommended that appropriate goals should be
a combination of short- and long-term
Focusing on performance (as opposed to outcome goals) during competition has been shown to be associated with _____ anxiety and _____ performance.
less; superior
Burton contends that athletes who set outcome goals will experience more anxiety and lower self-confidence in competition; this is
because their goals are not within their complete control, one of the indirect thought-process explanations for goal setting’s effectiveness

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