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Ch 18 HY 136 MC

The federal government contributed to the expansion of business with
A. financial assistance to the transcontinental railroad
B. a high tariff
C. land grants to railroads
D. all of the above
D. all of the above
The first big business in the United States was in
A. shipping
B. steel
C. railroads
D. electricity
C. railroads
The first transcontinental railroad was completed in
A. 1860
B. 1869
C. 1877
D. 1893
B. 1869
All of the following describe Credit Mobilier except
A. organized by George Pullman
B. a construction company for the Union Pacific
C. bribed congressmen
D. made over 50 million in profit
A. organized by George Pullman
John D. Rockefeller stands out among business leaders because of his
A. innovative organization called vertical integration
B. “Gospel of Wealth” philosophy
C. cooperation with labor unions
D. dominance of investment banking
A. innovative organization called vertical integration
Andrew Carnegie’s “Gospel of Wealth” explained
A. his business techniques in the steel industry
B. the relationship between Christianity and wealth
C. the virtues of the law of competition
D. how accumulation of wealth had disappointed him
C. the virtues of the law of competition
The “battle of the currents” involved
A. the transcontinental railroads
B. Thomas Edison and George Westinghouse
C. Alexander Graham Bell
D. Jay Gould and Cornelius Vanderbilt
B. Thomas Edison and George Westinghouse
Sears, Roebuck and Company became the nation’s largest retailer by
A. creating a national market
B. selling directly to the consumer at low prices
C. distributing goods through the mail
D. all of the above
D. all of the above
The social costs of industrialization included
A. closer relationships between workers and factory owners
B. numerous job-related injuries and deaths
C. rising wages for workers
D. healthier working conditions for most workers
B. numerous job-related injuries and deaths
To achieve change in the coal fields of eastern Pennsylvania, the Molly Maguires used
A. voting and political pressure
B. intimidation and violence
C. organized strikes and work stoppages
D. worker ownership of the mines
B. intimidation and violence
The following are all true of anarchists except that they
A. used dramatic acts of violence
B. believed governments were abusive devises controlled by the rich
C. were led by Karl Marx
D. wanted a stateless society
C. were led by Karl Marx
The Haymarket incident involved
A. the McCormick Reaper Works
B. America’s first terrorist bombing
C. the Knights of Labor
D. all of the above
D. all of the above
The American Federation of Labor
A. included industrial unions
B. primarily organized skilled workers
C. emphasized unions for unskilled workers
D. advocated social reforms leading ultimately to socialism
B. primarily organized skilled workers
The president of the United States used federal troops to end the strike at
A. Haymarket Square in Chicago
B. the Homestead Works near Pittsburgh
C. Pullman, Illinois
D. all of the above
C. Pullman, Illinois
The organization that wanted to be “one big union” for all workers was the
A. American Federation of Labor
B. Molly Maguires
C. Industrial Workers of the World
D. Congress of Industrial Organizations
C. Industrial Workers of the World

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