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Ch. 23

The scandals that plagued President Harding’s administration
touched the highest levels of government
President Coolidge’s policy toward big business was to
use the government to help businesses, not restrain them
The Five-Power Naval Treaty that emerged from the Washington Disarmament Conference earned President Harding acclaim for
preserving the peace without forcing the United States to join the League of Nations
By the 1920s, the growing use of scientific management techniques in manufacturing had resulted in
much higher productivity and profits but only slightly higher wages.
The unintended consequences of prohibition included
lawlessness.
By the late 1920s, women who were interested in progressive reform
worked through a network of private agencies and associations
Women who worked outside of the home in the 1920s
had more but still limited opportunities
Marcus Garvey founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) to encourage African Americans to
gain economic and political independence
During the 1920s, the rural areas of the United States
became less important politically and culturally
In the eyes of rural dwellers of the 1920s, cities were
a menace to traditional values
By 1924, congressional laws that imposed immigration quotas
ensured a large reduction in the number of southern and eastern European immigrants
The revived Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s
had a nationwide membership
Herbert Hoover’s performance as head of the Food Administration under President Wilson helped fuel expectations that he would be
a great president
Herbert Hoover’s belief in the principles of self-reliance, industrial self-management, and limited federal government
severely handicapped his ability to respond to the nation’s economic problems during his term as president
American trade policies of the 1920s led to
an unstable cycle of European debt
In America in the 1920s, a serious problem in domestic consumption was created by
an imbalance of wealth
During the Great Depression, the most acute poverty existed in
rural areas
During the 1930s, Los Angeles County responded to the growing presence of Mexicans by
deporting them, regardless of their citizenship status
During the Great Depression, white women who worked in service-sector industries
were not hit as hard by unemployment as men in the steel and automobile industries
During the Great Depression, President Hoover tried to express his confidence that the nation would return to prosperity by
favoring formality in the White House
During the 1920s, American foreign policy
rejected Wilsonian internationalism but remained involved in the world economically and politically
A consequence of the increased availability of the automobile in the 1920s was that
one-room schoolhouses and crossroad churches began to vanish
The 1929 classic Middletown argued that old notions of frugality were transformed by
advertising
During the 1920s, America’s motto became
spend, not save
In 1923, the Equal Rights Amendment received support from
the National Woman’s Party
Most whites who patronized Harlem institutions in the 1920s saw the neighborhood as
a black ghetto with a lively nightlife
Though newspapers celebrated Charles Lindbergh as the “Lone Eagle” following his nonstop flight across the Atlantic in 1927, he made sure to share credit for his accomplishment with
his plane, The Spirit of St. Louis
The writers of the “lost generation” argued that the United States of the 1920s was
blighted by cultural vapidity and greed
The Ku Klux Klan’s importance eventually faded in the late 1920s because
scandals involving the organization’s leadership were widely publicized
The Scopes trial of 1925 revolved around the issue of
whether a state ban on teaching Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution was legal
In 1925, the decision made by the Tennessee court in the Scopes trial was to
uphold the law and fine John Scopes
As the Democratic presidential nominee in 1928, Alfred Smith’s greatest vulnerability was his
Catholic faith
Speculators contributed to the overheated market conditions that led to the 1929 stock market crash by
buying stocks on margin
When the stock market hesitated in the fall of 1929, investors
began selling their overvalued stocks
After the stock market crashed in October 1929, President Hoover
asked business and labor leaders to join in a voluntary plan for recovery
President Hoover thought the American economy would recover more swiftly if he
helped big businesses financially
Box office hits during the Great Depression were
typically nostalgic and projected optimism about the future
The Great Depression produced greater public sympathy for
outlaws
The National Farmers’ Holiday Association was formed to
keep farmers from delivering produce to the public
In the 1930s, American leftists were in the forefront of
fighting racism and segregation

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