During a typical computing session, your computer might run an average of 50 processes.
In the GUI shown in the accompanying figure there are two application windows: calculator and word processor.
A button allows you to select one item from several options.
During the boot process, RAM is loaded into the operating system kernel.
The sequence of events that occurs between the time that you turn on a computer and the time that it is ready for you to issue commands is referred to as the boot process.
Today’s Windows operating systems do not require a kernel that accesses DOS.
One of the primary strengths of Windows is security.
Microsoft Windows suffers from the reputation for being the most vulnerable to viruses, worms, and other attacks.
In a dual boot system, to change operating systems, you have to reboot.
A General Purpose License, or GPL, allows anyone to make copies for their own use or to give or sell to others.
A root directory can be subdivided into smaller lists.
When you use Windows, Mac OS, or a Linux graphical file manager, each subdirectory is depicted as a folder.
Folders cannot be created within other folders.
A file extension is always the same as a file format.
To be certain a file can be opened by the recipient, simply save it as an .exe; then anyone can open it.
Often file management is represented by a tree metaphor.
File management utilities usually retain the files within a folder when that folder is deleted.
Viruses can damage files to the point that your computer can’t access any data on its hard disk.
With remote backups, the speed for backing up and restoring data is independent of the speed of your Internet connection.
Some systems streamline the backup process by restoring a computer’s operating system, device drivers, settings, and data in a single step – a process called restore pointing.
A(n) ____ system is a type of system software that acts as the master controller for all activities that take place within a computer system.
A command to print a document is relayed through various levels of ____.
The operating system, application software, and ____ are organized similar to the chain of command in an army.
All of the following are examples of resources EXCEPT ____.
All of the above are resources
Activities associated with resource management by an operating system include all of the following EXCEPT ____.
installing new memory
____ provides process and memory management services that allow two or more tasks, jobs, or programs to run simultaneously.
Within a single program, ____ allows multiple parts to run simultaneously.
An operating system’s ____ capability supports a division of labor among all the processing units.
The term ____ is a technical term for the region of memory that holds data waiting to be transferred from one device to another.
At the upper-right corner of the accompanying figure, the object labeled “Macintosh HD” is an example of a(n) ____.
In the accompanying figure, the word “Calculator” appears in ____.
an Application window
In the accompanying figure, the icons at the bottom of the screen appear in the ____.
In the accompanying figure, “Untitled” Word Document appears in a(n) ____.
A ____ is an additional set of commands that the computer displays after you make a selection from the main menu.
A ____ displays the options associated with a command.
Microsoft Windows is installed on more than ____ of the world’s personal computers.
Through many editions, the Windows user interface was characterized by a colorful Start button in the ____ corner of the screen.
The strengths of Microsoft Windows include all of the following EXCEPT ____.
The number and variety of programs that run on ____ are unmatched by any other operating system.
The strengths of Mac OS do NOT include ____.
its use of resource forks
VMWare and Parallels Desktop software are examples of ____.
virutal machine software
Weaknesses of Mac OS include ____.
limited selection of applications
Files maintained by the Macintosh operating system can have two parts, called ____.
In the Mac OS, the data ____ contains data or the commands for a program.
In the Mac OS, the resource ____ stores information about the data.
The operating system that was developed in 1969 by AT&T’s Bell Labs and gained a good reputation for its dependability is ____.
____ was developed by a Finnish student. It continues to gain popularity as an operating system for personal computers. It is distributed under the terms of a GPL.
A Linux ____ contains the Linux kernel, system utilities, GUI, applications, and installation routine.
The significance of ____ data is that it cannot be intercepted by corporate spies or government censors.
RIM is the ____ company that developed the BlackBerry smartphone.
Current versions of Windows support file names up to ____ characters long.
An optional file identifier that is separated from a main file name by a period is a ____.
The main directory maintained by your computer’s operating system is the ____ directory.
A computer file’s location is defined by a ____.
In the accompanying figure, C: is an example of a(n) ____.
In the accompanying figure, Music is an example of a ____.
n the accompanying figure, Reggae is an example of a ____.
In the accompanying figure, Marley One Love is an example of a ____.
In the accompanying figure, mp3 is an example of a ____.
An extension of .sys designates a ____ type of file.
An extension of .ocx designates a ____ type of file.
An extension of .wav designates a ____ type of file.
File management capabilities available from application software include ____ files.
all of the above
A file ____, in the context of Windows, is a piece of information that describes a file.
The difference between the Save and the Save As commands is that ____.
all of the above
The accompanying figure is an example of a(n) ____ utility.
Utilities, like the one shown in the accompanying figure, often use some sort of storage metaphor to help you visualize and mentally organize the files on your disks. The metaphors are called ____ storage models.
Using Microsoft Windows products, like the one in the accompanying figure, to select files and folders which are not listed consecutively, ____.
click on each file while holding down the Ctrl key
Using Microsoft Windows products, like the one in the accompanying figure, to select files and folders which are listed consecutively, ____.
click on the first and last file while holding down the Shift key
A description of what actually happens on the disk and in the circuits is represented by a ____.
physical storage model
Most hard disks are formatted by the ____.
____ is the process of creating a CD, DVD, or BD by selecting all the files and then copying them in a single session.
In relation to disks, ____ is a recording technology that lets you record in multiple sessions.
A group of sectors is called a ____.
The file system used by Mac OS is ____.
The file system used by Windows 8 is ____.
The file system used by Windows Vista is ____.
To delete data from a disk in such a way that no one can ever read it, you should ____.
use special file shredder software
Files stored in noncontiguous clusters are ____.
If your backups are ____, keep them in a safe place.
Web sites that offer storage space for backups are called ____ backup services.
An easy way to back up your important data is simply by copying selected files to a ____.
USB flash drive
You should consider making backups of your ____.
all of the above
____ compares the content of files on two devices and makes them the same.
A(n) ____ system backup includes a copy of every file stored on your computer’s hard drive. In addition to data files, it includes copies of all installed programs, settings, and the operating system.
A(n) ____ backup contains any files that were added or changed since the last full backup.
A(n) ____ backup makes a copy of only those files that were added or changed since your last backup.
A(n) ____ disk is a bootable CD, DVD, or other media that contains a complete copy of your computer’s hard disk as it existed when the computer was new.
A disk ____ is a bit-by-bit copy of the data from all sectors of a disk.
One file storage metaphor that is based on a hierarchical diagram is sometimes referred to as a ____ structure.
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