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Chapter 10 The Presidency

Which of the following statements is most accurate?
Recent presidents have refrained from asking Congress to declare war and have instead frequently deployed the military without congressional authorization.
The Office of Management and Budget and the Council of Economic Advisers are both parts of the ________.
Executive Office of the President
Which of the following actions was NOT the result of an executive order?
U.S. entrance into the United Nations
The expansion of the Executive Office of the President, the development of regulatory review, and the use of executive orders have been important because they
have given presidents substantial capacity to achieve significant policy results despite congressional opposition to their legislative agendas
The president’s power to set the debate concerning public policy in Congress is called a(n) ________.
a legislative initiative
When Dwight Eisenhower sent federal troops into Little Rock High School in 1957, it demonstrated that the
president may make unilateral use of the emergency powers to protect states against domestic disorder.
During the nineteenth century, ________ was America’s dominant institution of government.
Congress
Which of the following statements about signing statements is FALSE?
Ever since Thomas Jefferson’s presidency, all presidential signing statements have been recorded and added to the official legislative record.
The ________ asserted that the president could send American troops into action abroad only in the event of a declaration of war or other statutory authorization by Congress, or if American troops were attacked or directly endangered.
War Powers Resolution of 1973
Why was George Washington’s reception of Edmond Genêt as ambassador of France during the French Revolution so significant?
It reflected the authority of the president to officially recognize specific regimes as the sovereign power of a nation when there is doubt as to who rules.
The president’s expressed powers include all of the following categories EXCEPT ________.
partisan
The Office of Management and Budget is important because
its personnel are an integral part of virtually every conceivable presidential responsibility, such as overseeing regulatory proposals, reporting on agency activities, and preparing the national budget.
________ was the first first lady to seek public office on her own.
Hillary Clinton
An informal group of advisers to the president is often called the ________.
Kitchen Cabinet
The president has the power to appoint which of the following positions?
cabinet secretaries
What did the framers mean to accomplish by indirect election of the president?
to make the president responsible to state and national legislatures
What is required for Congress to override a presidential veto?
two-thirds of both houses of Congress
Why is the president’s State of the Union address important?
It is an opportunity for the president to set the legislative agenda by initiating proposals and directing public attention to the president’s goals.
Congress’s tendency in recent years to give executive agencies fewer clear guidelines for implementing laws is the result of
the greater scope and complexity of the tasks that American government has undertaken.
The ________ is the informal designation for the heads of the major federal government departments.
cabinet
Presidential spouses are an important resource for the president in order to carry out the duty of ________.
head of state
When North Korea invaded South Korea in 1950,
President Truman sent American troops to Korea without asking for a declaration of war.
As a means of managing the gigantic executive branch, presidents have increasingly come to rely upon the ________.
White House staff
The Environmental Protection Agency was created in 1970 directly by ________.
an executive order
_______ occurs when the president directs administrative agencies to promulgate specific rules and regulations
delegation
The power to receive ambassadors is an example of ________.
an expressed power
When members of Congress delegate power to the executive branch, it
substantially enhances the importance of the presidency.
According to separation of powers expert Louis Fisher, the powers of Congress have declined dramatically in which of the following areas?
national defense and the federal budget
The goal of the War Powers Resolution was to
limit the power of the president to commit American troops to military action without authorization from Congress.
Which of the following statements about signing statements is most accurate?
While presidents have made signing statements throughout American history, they have only recently been recorded and made part of the official legislative record.
Which of the following statements about Congress and the executive branch is most accurate?
Starting around the time of the New Deal, Congress has tended to give executive agencies broad mandates and to draft legislation that offers few clear guidelines for implementation by the executive.
The technique of popular mobilization dates back to ________ presidency.
Theodore Roosevelt’s
Which statement about the Cabinet is INCORRECT?
The Cabinet does not meet as a group, except during the State of the Union address.
When are the president’s partisan ties most important?
in dealing with Congress on legislative matters
After the Civil War, why was it considered inappropriate for President Andrew Johnson to make a series of speeches seeking public support for his policies?
During the nineteenth century, it was perceived to be undignified for a president to campaign on his own behalf.
An executive order is
a rule or regulation issued unilaterally by the president that has the status of a law.
________ powers are specifically established by the language of the Constitution.
Expressed
The president’s delegated powers come from ________.
Congress
The office of the presidency was established by Article ________ of the Constitution.
II
________ used presidential emergency power in 1957 to send troops to Little Rock, Arkansas, to help desegregate Central High School
Dwight Eisenhower
A signing statement is a(n)
announcement the president makes about his or her interpretation of a congressional enactment he or she is signing into law.
When the president infers powers from the “rights, duties, and obligations” of the presidency, these are called ________ powers.
inherent
Which of the following statements about Congress and the executive branch is most accurate?
Starting around the time of the New Deal, Congress has tended to give executive agencies broad mandates and to draft legislation that offers few clear guidelines for implementation by the executive
Which of the following statements about presidential pardons is FALSE?
George Washington declared amnesty to all Americans who fought for the British during the War for Independence.
In order to get around the need for Senate approval of treaties, many contemporary presidents have made use of ________ in foreign affairs.
executive agreements
The last time Congress exercised its constitutional power to declare war was during ________.
World War II
Which of the following statements is true?
In the modern era, political power has shifted away from Congress and to the presidency

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