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Chapter 2 vocab

Spanish explorers looking for gold and silver. Cortes explored Mexico; Ponce de Leon explored Florida. One of the Spaniards who traveled to the Americas as an explorer and conqueror in the 16th century.
Joint Stock Companies
English colonies were originally funded and maintained by these. These allowed several investors to pool their wealth in support of a colony that would, hopefully, yield a profit. Any profit the colony made, that company would get the money.
Businesses in which investors pool their wealth for a common purpose.
(Spanish colonies were funded by Spanish rulers)
Indentured Servant
A person who has contracted to work for limited period often in return for travel expenses to the colony, shelter and food. (since they did not get paid (and were poor), they did not own land, therefore could not vote)
Royal Colony
A colony under direct control of the English colony. (Virginia was made this because the joint stock company’s charter was revoked because of the turmoil with the Native Americans)
church members who wanted to “purify” or reform the Church of England. Rid of all traces of Roman Catholic Church. Group of English Protestants that formed in the 16th century to bring about religious reform.
An English settlement owned by the Virginia Company. They claimed the land on a small peninsula and named it this and the river James, in honor of their king. It was headed by John Smith. (Lived by the Powhatan Tribe…friends, then enemies) main crop was tobacco

The shore of Virginia. The Virginia company sailed inland until they reached the small peninsula. The colonists claimed the land as there’s.

Plymouth colony
The second permanent English colony in North America. founded by Separatists.
English Christians that wanted to be separate from the Church of England. known today as Pilgrims Fled from England to escape persecution. Founded the Plymouth Colony.

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