Chapter 24 Apush
a. too risky without government help.
b. too costly without government help.
c. too costly to move people in some areas without government help.
d. too unprofitable in some areas without government help.
e. impossible to serve military and postal needs without government help.
a. rejected government assistance.
b. built their railroads with government assistance.
c. relied exclusively on Chinese labor.
d. refused to get involved in politics.
e. focused on public service.
a. cash grants from new taxes.
b. land grants.
c. cash grants from higher tariffs.
d. reduced prices for iron and steel.
e. aid for construction of railroad stations.
A. James J. Hill 1. Central Pacific
B. Cornelius Vanderbilt 2. New York Central
C. Leland Stanford 3. Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe
4. Great Northern
a. A-4, B-2, C-1
b. A-3, B-4, C-2
c. A-2, B-1, C-3
d. A-4, B-3, C-1
e. A-1, B-3, C-4
a. New York Central.
b. Northern Pacific.
c. Union Pacific.
d. Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe.
e. Great Northern
a. a scattering of the U.S. population.
b. fewer big cities.
c. the movement of people to cities.
d. a reduction in immigration to the United States.
e. a loss of population in the East.
post-Civil War years was
c. the steel industry.
d. electric power.
e. the railroad network.
a. Congress passed a law establishing this system.
b. the major rail lines decreed the division of the continent into four time zones so that they could keep schedules and avoid wrecks.
c. factories demanded standard time schedules.
d. long-distance telephones required standard time coordination.
e. all of the above.
d. interlocking directorates.
e. holding companies.
a. increase competition by establishing more companies.
b. water their stock.
c. divide business in a particular area and share profits.
d. choose the best workers.
e. avoid wasteful competition
b. the Supreme Court.
c. private lawsuits.
d. President Cleveland.
e. state legislatures.
a. Federal Trade Commission.
b. Interstate Commerce Commission.
c. Consumer Affairs Commission.
d. Federal Anti-Trust Commission.
e. Federal Communications Commission.
a. revolutionized the business system.
b. represented the first large-scale attempt by the federal government to regulate business.
c. actually did nothing to control the abuses of big business.
d. failed to prohibit some of the worst abuses of big business, such as pools and rebates.
e. invoked the Constitution’s interstate commerce clause.
a. helped to build the nation into an industrial giant.
b. was not a significant force, because industrialization required skilled workers.
c. came almost exclusively from rural America.
d. increasingly found work in agriculture.
e. was almost entirely native born.
a. increased competition.
b. support for the idea of a centrally planned economy.
c. funding research on new technologies.
d. elimination of the tactic of vertical integration.
e. elimination of as much competition as possible.
A. Andrew Carnegie 1. interlocking directorate
B. John D. Rockefeller 2. trust
C. J. Pierpont Morgan 3. vertical integration
a. A-2, B-4, C-1
b. A-3, B-2, C-4
c. A-3, B-2, C-1
d. A-1, B-3, C-2
e. A-4, B-1, C-3
A. Andrew Carnegie 1. steel
B. John D. Rockefeller 2. oil
C. J. Pierpont Morgan 3. tobacco
D. James Duke 4. banking
a. A-1, B-3, C-2, D-4
b. A-2, B-4, C-3, D-1
c. A-3, B-1, C-4, D-2
d. A-1, B-2, C-4, D-3
e. A-4, B-2, C-1, D-3
a. Jay Gould.
b. Henry Bessemer.
c. John P. Altgeld.
d. Thomas Edison.
e. Henry Clay Frick.
a. interlocking dictorate.
c. vertical integration.
e. holding company.
a. General Electric (GE).
b. Standard Oil.
c. American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T).
d. The Union Pacific Railroad.
e. United States Steel.
c. lighter fluid.
d. natural gas.
e. heating oil.
a. with the building of electric generator plants.
b. when it was taken over by the government.
c. with the invention of the internal combustion engine.
d. when diesel engines were perfected.
e. when oil was discovered in Texas.
a. employing spies.
b. extorting rebates from railroads.
c. showing mercy to his competitors.
d. pursuing a policy of rule or ruin.
e. using high-pressure sales methods.
a. relied on the sayings of Jesus.
b. inspired the wealthy to try to help the poor.
c. stimulated efforts to help minorities.
d. was opposed by most clergymen.
e. discouraged efforts to help the poor.
a. help freedmen to work in factories.
b. incorporate big businesses.
c. allow the captains of industry to avoid paying taxes.
d. avoid corporate regulation by the states.
e. protect the civil rights of business people.
a. manufacturing corporations.
b. labor unions.
c. state legislatures.
d. railroad corporations.
e. banking syndicates.
a. took full advantage of the new economic trends.
b. received preferential treatment from the railroads.
c. turned away from agriculture.
d. held to its “Old South” ideology.
e. remained overwhelmingly rural and agricultural.
a. readily available raw materials.
b. a warm climate.
c. good transportation.
d. cheap labor.
e. ethnic diversity.
c. machine tool
d. electrical appliance
e. farm equipment
a. high-wage positions.
c. a poor alternative to farming.
d. institutions that broke up families.
e. salvation, since the jobs and wages were steady.
a. their movement to the suburbs.
b. the need for them to adjust their lives to the time clock.
c. the opportunity to relearn the ideals of Thomas Jefferson.
d. the narrowing of class divisions.
e. the encounter with other races.
a. Native Americans.
e. small town residents
a. job protection.
b. wage protection.
c. establishment of a workers’ political party.
d. temporary unemployment compensation.
e. safety and health codes.
a. a revival of the colonial feminine ideal.
b. a portrayal of the modern corporate business woman.
c. an exploitive image of a woman as a sex object.
d. an independent and athletic “new woman.”
e. a sentimental image of a woman as mother.
c. economic necessity.
d. the service sector.
e. personal spending money.
a. closed shop
c. yellow dog contract
e. company town
a. labor unions.
c. state regulatory agencies.
d. individual entrepreneurs.
e. independent workers and craftsmen
A. National Labor Union 1. the “one big union” that championed arbitration
B. Knights of Labor
C. American Federation of Labor
2. a social-reform union killed by the depression of the 1870s
3. an association of unions pursuing higher wages, shorter working hours, and better working conditions
a. A-3, B-1, C-2
b. A-3, B-2, C-1
c. A-1, B-2, C-3
d. A-1, B-3, C-2
e. A-2, B-1, C-3
a. an eight-hour day for all workers.
b. government arbitration for industrial disputes.
c. equal pay for women.
d. an eight-hour day for government workers.
e. the right to collective bargaining.
e. social reformers.
a. the government owned the means of production.
b. labor controlled the government.
c. workers accepted the concept of craft unions.
d. business would understand the principles of social justice.
e. labor would own and operate businesses and industries.
could be preserved from corrupt monopolists
a. when Republicans were removed from office.
b. by strengthening the economic and political independence of the workers.
c. through the destruction of the American Federation of Labor.
d. by the development of strong craft unions.
e. by forming an independent political movement.
a. racial exclusiveness.
b. support of skilled workers.
c. failure to admit women to its ranks.
d. abandonment of the concept of independent producers.
e. lack of class consciousness.
a. National Labor Union.
b. Knights of Labor.
c. American Federation of Labor.
d. Knights of Columbus.
e. Congress of Industrial Organizations.
a. labor unions continued to decline in membership.
b. the American Federation of Labor failed to take advantage of the situation.
c. the vast majority of employers continued to fight organized labor.
d. Congress declared the AFL illegal.
e. workers began to turn to the Socialist Party.
a. had temporarily ceased to exist.
b. had enrolled nearly half of the industrial labor force.
c. was accepted by the majority of employers as a permanent part of the new industrial economy.
d. had begun to develop a positive image with the public.
e. relied heavily on the National Labor Relations Board.
a. were basically socialists.
b. diminished the workers’ quality of life.
c. tried to take the United States back to its old values.
d. failed to develop the industrial system quickly.
e. retarded technological advances.
class-based protest has never been a powerful force in the United States because
a. most employers tried to treat their workers well.
b. few Europeans brought their political philosophies to the United States.
c. the captains of industry did not allow protest to take root.
d. many Americans inherited fortunes.
e. America has greater social mobility than Europe has
a. a large pool of unskilled labor.
b. an abundance of natural resources.
c. American ingenuity and inventiveness.
d. immigration restrictions.
e. a political climate favoring business.
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