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Chapter 3: Project Management

agile methods
an approach to managing projects that includes an iterative workflow and incremental delivery of software in short iterations
artifact
a useful object created in short iterations
burndown chart
a chart that shows the cumulative work remaining in a sprint on a day by day basis
closing process
formalizing acceptance of the project or
_____ processes include defining and authorizing a project or project phase.
Initiating
_____ processes include devising and maintaining a workable scheme to ensure that the project addresses the organization’s needs.
Planning
Examples of _____ processes include acquiring and developing the project team, performing quality assurance, distributing information, managing stakeholder expectations, and conducting procurements.
executing
A common _____ process is reporting performance, where project stakeholders can identify any necessary changes that may be required to keep the project on track.
monitoring and controlling
Administrative activities, such as archiving project files, closing out contracts, documenting lessons learned, and receiving formal acceptance of the delivered work as part of the phase or project, are often involved in _____ processes.
closing
The project time management knowledge area maps to the _____ process group through the activity of schedule contro
monitoring and controlling
Developing a _____ is a planning process that occurs in the Project Integration Management knowledge area.
project management plan
The project cost management knowledge area maps to the _____ process group through the activities of estimating costs and budget determination.
planning
The project stakeholder management knowledge area maps to the _____ process group by identifying stakeholders.
initiating
_____ is an iterative software development process that focuses on team productivity and delivers software best practices to all team members.
Rational Unified Process
One of the main outputs of the initiation process is _____.
developing the project charter
The project management plan is the output of the planning process of project _____.
integration management
Which of the following is a planning process associated with project scope management?
Collecting requirements
The _____ provides a basis for creating the project schedule and performing earned value management for measuring and forecasting project performance.
work breakdown structure
_____ are an output of the executing process of project integration management.
Deliverables
Enterprise environmental factors are an output of the executing process of _____.
project human resource management
The _____ process involves gaining stakeholder and customer acceptance of the final products and services and bringing the project, or project phase, to an orderly end.
closing
Organizational process assets update is the output of the closing process of _____.
project integration management
Which of the following is true about the agile method?
It uses several iterations or deliveries of software instead of waiting until the end of the project to provide a product.
Which of the following project parameters would be compatible with the use of the agile approach?
Projects that have more flexible scheduling
project management process groups include:
initiating processes
planning processes
executing processes
monitoring and controlling processes
closing processes
DMAIC
(Define, measure, analyze, improve and control) refers to a data-driven improvement cycle used for improving, optimizing and stabilizing business processes and designs

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