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Chapter 6 Fitness

Successful management of body composition requires
Long-term, consistent coordination of many aspects of a wellness program
Women have a higher proportion of essential fat than men primarily, because women
Have essential fat deposited in the breasts, uterus, and other sex specific sites
Essential fat is best described as
Fat incorporated into the organs and tissue
Height and weight tables rely on
Insurance company mortality statistics
One possible explanation for the increase in obesity among Americans over the past 40 years is
Increased portion sizes
Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of symptoms present in many overweight and obese people. Symptoms for this syndrome do NOT include
Low blood pressure
Type 1 Diabetes
Accounts for 5-10% of all cases of diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes
Is best prevented by eating a healthy diet and physical activity
People are at greater risk for early onset heart disease if they tend to gain weight in the
Abdomen
A woman may experience amenorrhea and loss of body mass if her percentage of body fat is less than
8-12%
A man may experience muscle wasting and fatigue if his percentage of body fat is less than
3-5%
Which technique for evaluating health risks associated with body weight is based on the concept that a person’s weight should be proportional to his or her height?
Body mass index
A BMI Value of 17.5 or less may be used as a diagnostic criterion for
Anorexia nervousa
A person with a body mass index of 31.2 is classified as
Obese
Hydrostatic weighing is used to predict percent body fat based on
Body Density
Skin-fold measurements are:
A practical way to assess body composition
Essential body fat is located just below the skin. T1 or F1
F1
Regular physical activity and exercise have no effect on many of the destructive effects of obesity. T2 or F2
F2
For a person who is overweight, increasing physical activity can benefit health even if it doesn’t result in a change in body weight or percent body fat. T3 or F3
T3
A body mass index of 28.5 is classified as normal weight. T4 or F4
F4

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