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Chapters 10 and 10A Quiz-HWW

Individuals who go on and off starvation diets multiple times to lose weight will likely end up with

A. an increased ability to lose weight each time.
B. a decreased ability to lose weight without drugs.
C. a lower basal metabolic rate.
D. a higher basal metabolic rate.

C. a lower basal metabolic rate.
After drastic weight loss, an anorexic individual will

A. feel satisfied with their body image.
B. feel that they are still too fat.
C. feel that they can afford to regain some of the weight.
D. be cured of anorexia nervosa.

B. feel that they are still too fat.
An individual with an eating disorder may also have

A. other psychological disorders.
B. impulsive behavior.
C. a sense of empowerment.
D. high self-esteem.

A. other psychological disorders.
One of the health problems associated with the female athlete triad is amenorrhea, which is a lack of

A. menstrual periods.
B. calcium.
C. iron.
D. fertility.

A. menstrual periods.
Over the last 20 years, the calorie intake of Americans has increased. This is due in part to

A. increased consumption of fat.
B. the inability to recognize normal serving sizes.
C. the increase in low-price restaurant chains.
D. increased consumption of organic food.

B. the inability to recognize normal serving sizes.
A person suffering from body dysmorphic disorder would likely

A. have high self-esteem.
B. be realistic about their appearance.
C. have no obsessive tendencies.
D. take extreme measures to conceal or alter certain physical features.

D. take extreme measures to conceal or alter certain physical features.
The body adapts to prolonged fasting or carbohydrate deprivation by converting body fat to ketones to be used as fuel for brain cells, a process known as

A. ketosis.
B. ketogenesis.
C. hyperplasia.
D. stenosis.

B. ketogenesis.
What percentage of adult Americans are overweight or obese?

A. More than 20% but less than 30%
B. More than 30% but less than 40%
C. More than 50% but less than 60%
D. More than 60%

D. More than 60%
Which of the following people would be most likely to notice the effects of an age-related decline in metabolic rate?

A. 25-year-old student
B. 25-year-old truck driver
C. 30-year-old computer programmer
D. 30-year-old pregnant woman

C. 30-year-old computer programmer
Karen is extremely dissatisfied with her body shape and she has gone through three cosmetic surgeries to alter her facial structure. Karen is most likely suffering from

A. social physique anxiety.
B. anorexia nervosa.
C. body dysmorphic disorder.
D. bulimia nervosa.

C. body dysmorphic disorder.
Higher metabolic rates during growth and development periods such as puberty and pregnancy are part of

A. an increased need for rest.
B. the body getting older.
C. rapid bodily changes.
D. the digestive process.

C. rapid bodily changes.
The U.S. population has become increasingly sedentary because

A. people spend more time sitting at home and at work.
B. people have less access to health clubs than in the past.
C. physical education is required in schools.
D. people are under more stress at work.

A. people spend more time sitting at home and at work.
A person with disordered eating may do all of the following EXCEPT

A. punish themselves if they gain weight.
B. attempt to follow the latest diet fad.
C. go to extremes to reduce calorie intake.
D. reward themselves if they gain weight.

D. reward themselves if they gain weight.
The concept of adaptive thermogenesis attempts to explain

A. how genetics influences childhood obesity.
B. how thin people can consume large amounts of calories without gaining weight.
C. how obese people conserve calories, which makes it harder to lose weight.
D. how metabolic rate slows down as we age.

B. how thin people can consume large amounts of calories without gaining weight.
Rita is always complaining that she doesn’t like the way she looks. She tells her friend Sue that she thinks her thighs are too big and that she feels fat. Sue assures Rita that she isn’t fat, but Rita won’t listen. It is likely that Rita may be suffering from

A. peer pressure.
B. a negative body image.
C. anxiety.
D. depression.

B. a negative body image.
Obesity is a risk factor for

A. heart disease, cancer, stroke, and diabetes.
B. certain forms of cancer.
C. type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
D. cardiovascular disease and cancer.

A. heart disease, cancer, stroke, and diabetes.
Problems with the BMI measurement include that

A. it is an indirect estimate of body fat.
B. it requires the use of special laboratory equipment.
C. it takes too long to calculate.
D. it cannot be used for children

A. it is an indirect estimate of body fat.
A 20-year-old female with a BMI of 34 would be categorized as

A. athletic.
B. healthy.
C. obese.
D. morbidly obese.

C. obese.
Which of the following is NOT true about weight management?

A. Low calorie diets increase the risk of disordered eating.
B. Depression and stress can influence a person’s ability to lose weight.
C. Short-term diets are not as effective as long-term behavior modification.
D. Long-term behavior modification is not as effective as short-term diets.

D. Long-term behavior modification is not as effective as short-term diets.
The best definition of body image is

A. whether or not you like certain features of your body.
B. your impression of what others think about your appearance.
C. how you view your body and your feelings and beliefs about your appearance.
D. how you view yourself when you compare yourself to a celebrity.

C. how you view your body and your feelings and beliefs about your appearance.
Individuals with an intense fear of gaining weight, along with an extremely distorted body image have the eating disorder known as

A. amenorrhea.
B. anorexia nervosa.
C. bulimia nervosa.
D. EDNOS.

B. anorexia nervosa.
Common myths that contribute to negative body image include all of the following EXCEPT

A. how you look is more important than who you are.
B. appearance is more important than health.
C. eating healthy and staying active is an effective weight loss strategy.
D. anyone can be slender if they work at it.

C. eating healthy and staying active is an effective weight loss strategy.
Which of the following statements is true with respect to the relationship between body image and culture?

A. Media images have little influence over what we find attractive.
B. Commercials often convey messages related to physical attractiveness.
C. The ideal body image for women has always been thin and willowy.
D. Today’s ideal body image is very similar to the typical American body.

B. Commercials often convey messages related to physical attractiveness.
A 26-year-old male would be considered obese if

A. he has a body mass index of 30 or higher.
B. he is 15% heavier than his ideal weight.
C. he has a body fat percentage of 20%.
D. he has a body mass index of 22-24.

A. he has a body mass index of 30 or higher.
When blood levels of the hormone leptin rise,

A. appetite levels increase.
B. you feel like exercising.
C. appetite levels decrease.
D. you can consume large amounts of food without gaining weight.

C. appetite levels decrease.
The body fat percentage below which a woman is considered to be underweight is

A. 1% to 2%.
B. 3% to 7%.
C. 8% to 10%.
D. 8% to 15%.

D. 8% to 15%.
In planning a weight management program that has the best chance of success you must

A. decide to eliminate all fat from the diet.
B. think of weight management as a temporary phase.
C. set realistic short- and long-term goals.
D. follow a formal plan such as Weight Watchers.

C. set realistic short- and long-term goals.
A major influence on our development of a body image is

A. characters you read about in books.
B. how lean or chubby you were as a child.
C. how employers and teachers see you.
D. the media and popular culture.

D. the media and popular culture.
A high waist-to-hip ratio would indicate that more fat is stored

A. in the hips and thighs.
B. in the abdominal area.
C. in the upper body.
D. in the neck and face.

B. in the abdominal area.
The amount of energy the body uses at complete rest is known as the

A. resting metabolic rate.
B. basal metabolic rate.
C. metabolic balance.
D. caloric restriction.

B. basal metabolic rate.
A good way to control portion sizes when you eat out is to

A. choose your meal from a buffet instead of ordering from the menu.
B. split an entrée with a friend or eat only half and take the other half home.
C. order both appetizer and entrée courses.
D. select a vegetarian meal that contains no meat or dairy.

B. split an entrée with a friend or eat only half and take the other half home.
A person’s exercise metabolic rate (EMR) will increase if he or she

A. decreases the time spent exercising.
B. performs light daily activities instead of structured exercise routines.
C. increases the activity level from light to moderate.
D. decreases the activity level from moderate to light.

C. increases the activity level from light to moderate.
A key characteristic associated with social physique anxiety is

A. an over-reliance on counseling or therapy.
B. avoidance of issues associated with appearance.
C. a pattern of yo-yo dieting.
D. an inability function in social interactions and relationships.

D. an inability function in social interactions and relationships.
A good way to control portion sizes when you eat at home is to

A. serve the food buffet style to reduce trips to the kitchen.
B. serve meals on smaller plates.
C. eat more frozen and convenience foods.
D. eat restaurant leftovers several times a week.

B. serve meals on smaller plates.
John underwent a body composition test that involved being submerged to compare his underwater weight with land weight to determine the amount body fat. This method of assessment is known as a

A. skinfold measure.
B. hydrostatic weighing.
C. bioelectrical impedance analysis.
D. Bod Pod test.

B. hydrostatic weighing.
Kevin wants to lose 5 pounds of fat. He finds it hard to cut back on his eating, so he decides that he will walk an hour each day to burn more calories. How many extra calories must he expend to lose a pound of fat?

A. 2,000
B. 3,000
C. 3,500
D. 4,500

C. 3,500
Data from the National Health Interview Survey show that 4 in 10 adults

A. never engage in any exercise, sports, or physically active hobbies.
B. participate in daily physical activity.
C. participate in athletic activities on a regular basis.
D. participate in vigorous physical exercise at least 3 times per week.

A. never engage in any exercise, sports, or physically active hobbies.
Sharon is of average height and build. Although she doesn’t appear to be overweight, a personal trainer measured her body fat at 30%. This discrepancy is likely due to

A. Sharon having low bone density.
B. Sharon having a lower-than-average amount of muscle mass.
C. Sharon having more dense form of fat compared to most people.
D. Sharon having a higher-than-average amount of muscle mass.

B. Sharon having a lower-than-average amount of muscle mass.
Which environmental factor encourages us to increase our food consumption?

A. Easy access to high-calorie foods in stores and restaurants
B. Increasing number of regulations that apply to food labeling
C. Social encouragement to work out and be active
D. Increasing use of texting for cell phone communication

A. Easy access to high-calorie foods in stores and restaurants
When trying to determine her ideal, healthy weight, a woman should be less concerned about comparing herself to her friends and more concerned about

A. the body structure of close family members.
B. how often her weight fluctuates up and down and in what increments.
C. her percentage of body fat and how her weight is distributed.
D. how her clothes fit.

C. her percentage of body fat and how her weight is distributed.
The method of body composition measurement that sends a small current through the body to measure the resistance based on percentage of body water is

A. electrical conductivity test.
B. bioelectrical impedance analysis.
C. soft tissue roentgenogram.
D. dual-energy x-ray absorpiometry.

B. bioelectrical impedance analysis.
Aaron is trying to lose weight but he still wants a snack while he is studying. He discovered that a low-calorie hot drink is a good choice because

A. hot drinks are more satisfying than many other snack choices.
B. it doesn’t take much time to make a hot beverage.
C. hot drinks don’t contain any fat.
D. hot drinks are the best way to replace fluids after exercising.

A. hot drinks are more satisfying than many other snack choices.
The physical flaw that most individuals associate with negative body image is

A. body weight.
B. height.
C. hair color.
D. facial blemishes.

A. body weight.
An eating disorder that may lead to the erosion of tooth enamel due to frequent purging is

A. binge-eating disorder.
B. anorexia nervosa.
C. bulimia nervosa.
D. night-eating syndrome.

C. bulimia nervosa.
Which of the following is true with respect to genetics and obesity?

A. Adopted children are more likely to be similar in weight to their adopted parents as compared to their biological parents.
B. Although genes may influence fat distribution, they do not affect metabolism.
C. Studies reveal that identical twins are more likely than fraternal twins to be of similar weight.
D.Studies reveal that fraternal twins are more likely than identical twins to be of similar weight.

C. Studies reveal that identical twins are more likely than fraternal twins to be of similar weight.
The body image continuum developed by researchers at the University of Arizona

A. identifies distinct stages associated with how satisfied you are with your body.
B. only identifies behaviors associated with a negative body image.
C. represents a range of behaviors and attitudes toward body image.
D. only identifies behaviors associated with a positive body image.

C. represents a range of behaviors and attitudes toward body image.
Recent neurological studies have linked body image disorders to

A. family environment and established eating patterns.
B. poor neurotransmitter regulation and impairments in visual processing.
C. poor emotional control and certain learning disabilities.
D. several spinal column deformities or birth defects.

B. poor neurotransmitter regulation and impairments in visual processing.
The body fat percentage below which a man is considered to be underweight is

A. 1% to 2%.
B. 3% to 7%.
C. 8% to 10%.
D. 8% to 15%.

B. 3% to 7%.
Having a negative body image can lead to all of the following EXCEPT

A. an eating disorder.
B. compulsive exercise.
C. low self-esteem.
D. high self-esteem.

D. high self-esteem.
All of the following are scientific methods for determining body composition EXCEPT

A. height and weight tables.
B. bioelectrical impedance analysis.
C. skinfold measures.
D. hydrostatic measures.

A. height and weight tables.
Some scientists believe that the hypothalamus does all of the following EXCEPT

A. monitors the level of certain nutrients in the blood.
B. aids in adaptive thermogenesis.
C. regulates appetite.
D. disrupts adaptive thermogenesis.

D. disrupts adaptive thermogenesis.
What percentage of dieters are likely to regain lost weight within two years?

A. 20%
B. 25%
C. 50%
D. 75%

D. 75%
Tiffany is going through puberty and is concerned about her appearance. Her father assures her that she is growing into a beautiful young lady and that he is very proud of her. His reaction to Tiffany will likely cause her to

A. be more accepting of her body.
B. have feelings of discomfort around members of the opposite sex.
C. be ashamed of her body.
D. have a negative body image.

A. be more accepting of her body.
People who seemingly can eat whatever they want without gaining weight usually

A. don’t actually consume that many calories.
B. are very active in their daily routines.
C. have low resting metabolic rates.
D. have a past history of restrictive diets.

B. are very active in their daily routines.
An individual who is 22 percent above his or her ideal weight would be classified as

A. average.
B. overweight.
C. obese.
D. morbidly obese.

C. obese.
Which of the following is NOT one of the eating disorders defined by the American Psychological Association?

A. anorexia and bulimia nervosa.
B. anxiety-related eating disorder.
C. binge-eating disorder.
D. EDNOS.

B. anxiety-related eating disorder.
In addition to the United States, which of the following nations or regions are also experiencing an obesity epidemic?

A. Mexico and the United Kingdom
B. Japan and Korea
C. Mexico and Central America
D. The United Kingdom and Scandinavia

A. Mexico and the United Kingdom

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