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CHLH 101

Health disparities
refers to the gap in in the quality of health and health care across racial, ethnic, sexual orientation and socioeconomic groups
plans for improving global health challenges in the 21st century guided by..
United Nations Millennium Declaration
leading medical research center and the federal focal point for medical research in the US?
national institutes of health (NIH)
Dorothy Dix
created the first generation of American mental asylums. during the civil war, served as the superintendent of army nurses
assumptions made while organizing a community
people should participate in making, adjusting, or controlling the major changes within their community
role of school nurse
providing direct health care to students and staff, providing screening and referral for health conditions and promoting health
family planning
the process of determining the preferred number and spacing of children in one’s family and choosing the appropriate means to achieve this preference
adolescents and young adulthood
critical period in life health wise, during which many health-related beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors are adopted and consolidated in
important vaccinations for elders
influenza (flu), pneumococcal (pneumonia), zoster (shingles), tetanus-diphtheria-pertussis (Tdap), measles, mumps, rubella (MMR), varicella (chicken pox), hep A and B and meningitis
factors that limit access to healthcare in US
health insurance coverage, generosity of coverage, cost, etc
narcotics
drugs that reduce pain and numb the senses
Synesthesia
mixing of the senses
binge drinking
consuming five or more drinks on a single occasion if male, and four or more drinks if female
4 elements that play a role in drug abuse prevention
education, treatment, public policy, law enforcement
where was DARE implemented?
school
drug abuse
when one takes a prescription or nonprescription drug for a purpose other then that for which is it medically approved
managed care
any arrangement for health care in which an organization acts as intermediate between the person seeking care and the physician. health plans that integrate the financing and delivery of health care services to covered individuals by means of arrangements with selected providers to furnish comprehensive services to members
population-based public health practice
Incorporates interventions aimed at disease prevention and health promotion, specific protection, and a good share of case findings, Education based, Health promotion
deductible
the amount you have the pay out-of-pocket for expenses before the insurance company will cover the remaining costs
common features of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM)
provider panels, limited choice, gatekeeping, risk sharing, quality management and utilization review
medically indigent
do not have health insurance (can’t afford) and who are not eligible for other health care coverage (make too much for medicaid)
what are people with good mental health able to do?
function under adversity, adapt to changes around them, curb hate and guilt
psycho-psychological disorders associated with stress include
depression, hypertension, skin disorders
post traumatic stress disorder
PTSD is a mental health condition that’s triggered by a terrifying event. symptoms may include flashbacks, nightmares and severe anxiety, as well as uncontrollable thoughts about the event
main force that expedited deinstitutionalization was
antipsychotic drugs, economics, idealism, legal considerations
sanitation
hygienic means of promoting health through prevention of human contact with the hazards of wastes as well as the treatment and proper disposal of sewage wastewater
Nonpoint source pollution
All pollution that occurs through runoff, seepage, or falling of pollutants into water
The most desirable form of integrated waste management is?
avoid, recycle, compost
incineration
combustion, light on fire, burn
those at greatest risk of lead poisoning
children
leading cause of unintentional injury deaths
car accidents
falls affect which age population most?
elders
single most important factor in intentional and unintentional injuries
alcohol and drugs
groups more vulnerable to violence
men, blacks, poor, frustrated, hopeless, jobless, living in poverty, low self-esteem
litigation
seeking justice for injury through courts
child neglect
not paying attention, maltreatment
carrying capacity
the maximum population size that can be supported by available resources in the environment- air, water, shelter, etc
areas with the highest incidence rate for nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses
education and health services
byssinosis
a lung disease caused by exposure to dusts from cotton processing, hemp and flax
The Millennium Development Goals include eight specific goals that include
end hunger and poverty
universal education
gender equality
reduce child mortality rates
maternal health
combat HIV/AIDS
environmental sustainability
develop a global partnership for for development
environmental designs
process of addressing surrounding environmental parameters when devising plans, programs, policies, buildings, or products.
what season does youth employment peak?
summer
risk factors for experiencing violence at work does NOT include
working in large groups of people
first US state to pass child labor law
Massachusetts
health insurance policy
The agreement between the individual applying for health insurance and the Carrier providing health insurance coverage. The Health Insurance Policy will specify what costs the applicant will be responsible for, what costs the carrier will be responsible for and what health insurance costs will be covered.
psychopharmacology
treatment for mental illness that involves medications
point source pollution
pollution traced to a single source
thermal inversion
condition that occurs when warm air traps cooler air at the surface of the earth
environmental health
the study and management of environmental conditions that affect the health and well-being of humans
US department of agriculture (USDA)
regulates dairy and meat
4 integrated ways to manage waste
reduce, reuse, recycle, dispose
co-payment
negotiated set amount the insured will pay for a certain service after paying the deductible
children’s health insurance program (CHIP)
this is the insurance for children who do not qualify for medicaid and do not have private insurance
complimentary and alternative medicine (CAM)
type of medicine that takes a holistic approach considering the whole person often using natural remedies/practices
fixed indemnity
the maximum amount an insurer will pay for a certain service
end-of-life practice
health care services provided to individuals shortly before death
child labor law
under this law, factories couldn’t hire children younger then 10
unintentional injuries preventative approaches
recognition, anticipation, evaluation, and litigation are the preventative approaches
service producing industry examples
education, health services, insurance, real estate
goods producing industry
agriculture, forestry, fishing, hunting, mining, construction
behavior strategies
train in nonviolent response and conflict resolution, employee education/training on risks are examples of this type of work place violence prevention
healthy people 2020
national guidelines for health goals and objectives
taxicab driver
this job has the highest rates of violence related occupational deaths
side stream smoke
the smoke coming from the end of the cigarette
preferred provider organizations (PPO)
this type of insurance has a prefixed rate for health services with providers and is becoming very popular
national institute of health (NIH)
the research division of the department of health and human services
john snow
used mapping to research cholera epidemic
public health
actions that society takes collectively to ensure that the conditions in which people can be healthy can occur
community health
health status of a defined group of people and the actions and conditions to promote, protect and preserve their health
infectious/communicable disease
classification of disease that was responsible for the majority of deaths in the early 1900s
luid pasteur
this person started research on the germ theory of disease
sliding scale
scale used to determine the fee for services based on ability to pay
gate keeper
those who control both formally and informally the political climate of the community
intervention
an activity designed to create change in people
3 core functions of public health
assessment
policy development
assurance
prevalence rate
includes both old and new cases of disease
incidence rate
only new cases
chronic disease
disease or health condition that lasts longer than 3 months
secondary prevention
preventive measures that lead to early diagnosis and prompt treatment of a disease or injury to limit disability and prevent more severe pathogenesis
years of potential life lost (YPLL)
the number of years lost when death occurs before teh age of 65 or 75
analytical study
type of epidemiological study aimed at testing hypotheses
infant mortality
low-birth-weight is leading cause of death
post-neonatal mortality
deaths that occur between 28 days and 365 days after birth
neonatal mortality
deaths that occur before 28 days old
women infants and children program (WIC)
special supplemental food program for women, infants and children sponsored by the USDA
3 leading causes of death among adolescents and young adults
unintentional injuries
homicide
suicide
vehicle born disease
communicable disease transmitted by nonliving objects
zoonosis
communicable disease transmissible from animals to humans
3 factors for communicable disease model
agent
host
environment
vector born disease
communicable disease transmitted by living species
top down organizing
someone from the outside is coming into the community to try to make changes
grass-roots
process that begins with those who are affected by the problem/concern
prenatal health care
medical care from the time of conception until birth process.
old age dependency ratio
economically unproductive elderly compared to economically productive elderly
race and health initiative priority areas
infant mortality
cancer screening/management
cardiovascular disease
diabetes
HIV/AIDS
adult and child immunization
Primary reason for 1946 Hill-Burton Act?
provide substantial money for hospital construction
3rd party payment system
insurance
Provide care for elderly people who are mentally and emotionally disturbed in a nursing home?
longterm care
8/10 uninsured people belong to?
members of working families
Health care in Canada
delivered through a publicly funded health care system, which is mostly free at the point of use and has most services provided by private entities.
biological hazard
virus
agent responsible for food poisoning
bacteria
Safety belt laws are an example of what?
regulation
Most influential single contributor to premature morbidity and mortality is?
socioeconomic status
Chain of Infection
Infectious agent, reservoir, portal of exit from the reservoir, mode of transmission, and portal of entry into a susceptible host

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