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CIS 141 #3

True
In general, the operating system serves as an intermediary between the user and the computer.
User Interface
The means by which an operating system or any other program interacts with the user is called the ____.
Android
____ is a Linux-based operating system developed by the Open Handset Alliance.
True
There are two primary forms of DOS: PC-DOS and MS-DOS.
False
Filename rules are the same in all operating systems.
Firewall
Most operating systems have security features available, such as an integrated ____ to protect against unauthorized access via the Internet.
Mac OS
____ is the proprietary operating system for computers made by Apple Corporation.
Uninstall?
Andrea advises Dean to remove unnecessary programs from his computer by using a(n) ____ utility.
True
There are many stand-alone utility programs available as an alternative to the operating system’s utility programs.
True
The documents waiting to be printed are said to be in a(n) print queue, which designates the order the documents will be printed
Operating System
The ____ boots the computer, launches application software programs, and ensures that all actions requested by a user are valid and processed in an orderly fashion.
False
When you issue the command for your computer to store a document on your hard drive, the application software must make sure that such a drive exists.
Drivers
Small programs called ____ are used to communicate with peripheral devices, such as monitors, printers, and scanners.
File Explorer
The file management program incorporated into Windows 8 is ____.
Named Range
A _____ is a powerful tool in Excel that allows you to assign a meaningful name to a single cell or a range of cells. For example, you can assign the name “TaxRate” to cell C1 and then use the name “TaxRate” anytime you would normally use the cell C1, such as =A5*TaxRate.
F1
Press _____ to turn on Excel’s Help feature.
Functions
_____ are pre-built formulas in Excel for performing mathematical or logical tests.
Nesting
_____ is the act of inserting one function inside another.
Dan Bricklin
_____ is credited with creating a Web-based, interactive spreadsheet called wikiCalc.
Cyberstalking
Repeated threats or other harassment carried out online between adults is referred to as ____.
True
Folders can contain both files and other folders (called subfolders).
False
Uninstall utilities are designed to delete temporary files (such as deleted files still in the Recycle Bin, temporary Internet files, installation files, and so forth) in order to free up disk space.
Pages
All programs and data located in RAM are divided into fixed-length ____ or variable-length segments, depending on the operating system being used.
Search Tools?
____ are utility programs that search for documents and other files on a user’s hard drives.
True
With Windows Explorer, use the View tab to change how the items in the right pane are displayed.
8
The most recent version of Windows is Windows ____.
False
Application software runs in the background at all times, making it possible for you to use your computer.
Disk Defragmentation
Andrea tells Dean that he should periodically perform ____ on his computer to optimize the hard drive so that it works more efficiently. This process works by rearranging the data on the hard drive so all files are stored in contiguous locations.
True
There is still a large installed base of Windows XP users and Microsoft plans to support Windows XP until 2014.
True
Stand-alone utility programs are often available in a suite of related programs.
False
In 1994, Microsoft announced that all versions of Windows after 3.11 would be full-fledged operating systems instead of just application programs.
True
As you work on your computer, the operating system is in charge of managing system resources and making them available to devices and programs when they are needed.
Chart
A _____ is a picture or graphical representation of data in a spreadsheet.
Dan Bricklin
_____ is credited with creating spreadsheet software for microcomputers.
Cell
In a spreadsheet, the intersection of a column and row is called a(n) _____.
Linked
Office Integration was discussed in the Spreadsheet 2 Lesson and Hands-on Project. When you _____ Excel data into a Word document, the documents were connected. In other words, changes made in one document showed up in the other document.
True
There have been many different versions of the Microsoft Windows operating system over the last several years.
Ubuntu
____ is one of the most widely-used versions of Linux.
True
File compression programs reduce the size of files so they take up less storage space on a storage medium or can be transmitted faster over the Internet.
Embedded Operating Systems
In addition to personal operating systems and server operating systems, there are also mobile operating systems and ____.
Unix
____ was originally developed in the late 1960s at AT&T Bell Laboratories as an operating system for midrange servers.
True
The documents waiting to be printed are said to be in a(n) print queue, which designates the order the documents will be printed.
True
Although Linux originally used a command line interface, most recent versions of Linux programs use a graphical user interface.
False
Using virtual memory is faster than just using RAM.
True
Large computer systems—such as high-end servers, mainframes, and supercomputers— sometimes use operating systems designed solely for that type of system.
Worksheets, Workbooks
In Excel, individual _____ (or tabs) are considered to be part of _____ (whole file).
Trojan Horse
A ____ is a malicious program that masquerades as something else—usually as some type of application program.
True
File extensions should not be changed by the user because the operating system uses them to identify the program that should be used to open the file.
False
The Windows Action Manager lists all the program and processes currently running on the computer.
False
All Programs and data located in RAM are divided into fixed-length pages or variable-length files.
8
____ is the current version of Windows Phone.
True
Disk management programs diagnose and repair problems related to your hard drive.
False
Most operating systems today use a text-based user interface.
All of the Above
Which of the following is a data type in Excel?
Absolute
A(n) _____ address is one that will not change when an address is copied.
True
In practice, the difference between system and application software is not always clear cut.
Aero
One of the most obvious initial changes in Windows Vista is the ____ interface.
True
Using the Save As option of the File menu before editing a document is a good idea, so you can return to the original version, if needed.
Virtual
____ memory allows you to use more memory than is physically available on your computer.
Security Patches
Most operating systems have security features available, such as an option to automatically download and install ____ from the operating system’s manufacturer on a regular basis.
True
Linux is increasingly being used with both mainframes and supercomputers.
Relative
When you copy a formula that uses _____ addresses, the addresses will adjust automatically to fit the new location.
Virus
A computer ____ is a software program that is installed without the permission or knowledge of the computer user, that is designed to alter the way a computer operates, and that can replicate itself to infect any new media it has access to.
?
Office Integration was discussed in the Spreadsheet 2 Lesson and Hands-on Project. When you _____ Excel data into a Word document, the result was a simple table in the Word document (instead of a working spreadsheet).
True
Stand-alone utility programs are often available in a suite of related programs.
Operating System
The ____ boots the computer, launches application software programs, and ensures that all actions requested by a user are valid and processed in an orderly fashion.
False
Windows users can use the search box located at the lower-left corner of the File Explorer window to search for files and folders in the current location that match the keywords entered into the search box.
File Management
An important task that the operating system performs is ____, which keeps track of the files stored on a computer so that they can be retrieved when needed.
False
Most application systems today include the drivers needed for the most commonly used peripheral devices.
Assumptions
_____ are variable factors that may change in the formulas in a spreadsheet. Putting all of them into one area makes it is easy to change the spreadsheet as conditions change.
False
The older DOS operating system and some versions of the UNIX and Linux operating systems use a(n) graphical user interface.
Windows 8
All the computers in Janet’s school computer lab have the newest version of Windows installed, which is ____.
Application Software
___ includes all the programs that allow a user to perform specific tasks on a computer, such as writing a letter.

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