logo image

CJ110 Exam 3 study guide

What are the three cornerstones of traditional police work?
1. random routine patrol
2. rapid response to citizens’ calls to 911
3. retroactive investigation of past crimes by detectives
random routine patrol/preventive patrol
officers driving around a designated geographic area; involves a police officer driving around within a community when he or she is not on an assignment from the radio dispatcher or a supervisor.
rapid response to citizens’ calls to 911
officers being dispatched to calls immediately, regardless of the type of call
retroactive investigation of past crimes by detectives
the follow-up investigation of crimes by detectives that occurs after a crime has been reported
foot patrol
police officers walk a beat or assigned area rather than patrolling in a motor vehicle
patrol is the essence of ______.
policing
What is known as the foundation of the police department?
patrol
what are the patrol functions three main goals?
1. deference of crime
2. the maintenance of a feeling of public security
3. 24 hour availability for service to the public
What are the primary services provided by the patrol functions?
enforcing laws, deterring crime, maintaining order, keeping the peace, enforcing traffic laws and keeping traffic flowing, investigation accidents, conducting preliminary investigations, responding to calls for assistance, and assisting those who cannot help themselves
What book did O.W Wilson write?
Police Administration
Wilson called patrol the _____.
backbone of policing
omnipresence
the impressing of always being there
Who stated that patrol is designed to create an impression of omnipresence?
O.W. Wilson
The aggressive saturation patrol operation in Washington, D.C., run by Chief Cathy Lanier is called:
All Hands on Deck
A thorough study conducted in Newark regarding foot patrols concluded that adding foot patrol:
had no effect on crime
Which of the following is a functional category of routine patrol as defined by Gay, Schell, and Schack?
calls for service, preventative patrol, administrative tasks
A successful example of a directed patrol program that achieved positive results was the ____________________ gun experiment.
Kansas City
____________________ patrol is a solution to the problem of directed patrol units often getting interrupted by calls for service, which can affect the performance of their assignments.
Split-force
In effect, the Kansas City study failed to demonstrate that adding or taking away police patrols from an area made any difference within the:
community
Data on what occurs when an officer encounters a citizen– when the officer is either on an assignment from the dispatcher or on self-initiated activities–can best be retrieved from researcher observations.
true
The premise of smart policing is that agencies themselves are in the best position to know their specific crime problems. ?
true
Most departments utilize:
fleet vehicles
What agency is usually held up as a model for dealing with the mentally ill, due to its combined CIT and co-responder program?
Houston Police Department
evaluating the effectiveness of police work is very ______.
difficult
There are variables that police cannot control that might produce crime such as:
social disorganization; anger; poverty; hostility; revenge; psychological, social, or biological problems; and the desire to commit crime as an alternative to the world of work.
what type of patrol creates a sense of omnipresence and deters crime?
random routine patrol
Kansas city patrol study
the first study conducted to test the effectiveness of random routine patrol; used fifteen patrol beats; researches concluded, “decreasing or increasing routine preventive patrol within the range tested in the experiment had no effect on crime, citizen fear of crime, community attitudes toward the police on the delivery of police service, police response time, or traffic accidents”; caused tremendous changes in our thinking about policing.
at what time was police arrest more likely?
one or two minutes
when response time exceeded ____ or_____ minutes, the probability of an arrest dropped sharply
three, four
what commission recommended that urban area response time should not exceed 3 minutes for emergency calls and 20 minutes for nonemergency call
the National Advisory Commission on Criminal Justice Standards and Goals.
Toal response time consists of three basic components:
1.The time between when the crime occurs and the moment the victim or a witness calls the police
2. The time required for the police to proceed the call
3. Travel time from the time the patrol car receives the dispatcher’s call until it arrives at the scene.
victims after a crime typically call who first? (3 answers)
parents, insurance companies, or their doctors
what is the average citizen delay in calling the police for serious crimes?
between 5 and 10 minutes
call for service
responding to citizens’ calls to 911 relative to emergencies or other problems accounts for 25% of patrol time
preventive patrol
driving through a community in an attempt to provide omnipresence accounts for 40 percent of patrol time
officer-imitated activities
stopping motorists or pedestrians and questioning them bout their activities account for 15 percent of patrol time
administrative tasks
paperwork accounts for 20 percent of patrol time
The authors of the seminal article “‘Broken Windows’: Police and Neighborhood Safety” were O. W. Wilson and Wesley K. Skogan.
false
Which of the following is not part of a community policing operation?
motorcycle traffic control
Researchers who traveled to St. Petersburg, Florida, to observe changes occurring in police roles and police-community relations after the implementation of community policing found that the citizens seemed satisfied with community policing.
true
Analyzing crime issues to determine the underlying problems and addressing those underlying problems is referred to as:
problem-solving policing
Problem-oriented policing involves officers dealing with the:
underlying causes of incidents
The authors of the seminal article “Broken Windows: Police and Neighborhood Safety” were James Q. Wilson and George Kelling.
true
What involves a continued reliance on traditional policing operations?
strategic policing
In what decade did increases in crime, technological advances, and changes in police management thinking lead to the reduction of police foot patrols and their resultant ties to the community?
1960s
Many large cities, faced with rising crime problems, are eager to hire administrators who are familiar with CompStat and “broken windows” policing, and who served under this successful police chief:
William Bratton
Surveys indicate that the public does not support community policing and those strategies that are indicative of community policing.
false
In the 1960s, changes in police management led to the abandonment of:
foot patrol
When officers reach the assessment process in the SARA model of problem-solving, officers:
evaluate the effectiveness of the response
Community-oriented policing is an approach toward crime that addresses the underlying causes of crime and endeavors to apply ____________________ problem solving to the issue through improved police-community relationships.
long term
Who founded the National Center for Community Policing in East Lansing, Michigan?
Robert C. Trojanowicz
What was the role of the New York City Police Department’s Community Patrol Officer Program?
identification of neighborhood problems and development of short- and long-term strategies for solving them
Many states and larger cities have created state and local fusion centers to share information and intelligence within their jurisdictions as well as with the federal government.
true
The 1994 Crime Bill provided that all new police officers hired in the United States would be paid entirely by federal funding.
false
The four elements of the problem-solving strategy are: scanning, analysis, planning, and response.
false: answer is scanning, analysis, response, and assessment
The biggest recent threat to community policing and, consequently, the biggest criticism of community policing initiatives is:
the inability to keep police departments fully staffed and to keep money flowing to these initatives
The concept of problem-oriented policing can be attributed to Herman Goldstein.
true
The 41st Precinct in the Bronx earned the nickname “The Alamo.”
false: answer is Fort Apache
the aggressive saturation patrol operation in Washington, D.C., run by Chief Cathy Lanier is called:
all hands on deck
A thorough study conducted in Newark regarding foot patrols concluded that adding foot patrol:
had no effect on crime
A successful example of a directed patrol program that achieved positive results was the ____________________ gun experiment.
Kansas City
____________________ patrol is a solution to the problem of directed patrol units often getting interrupted by calls for service, which can affect the performance of their assignments.
Split force
In effect, the Kansas City study failed to demonstrate that adding or taking away police patrols from an area made any difference within the:
community
Data on what occurs when an officer encounters a citizen– when the officer is either on an assignment from the dispatcher or on self-initiated activities–can best be retrieved from researcher observations.
true
The premise of smart policing is that agencies themselves are in the best position to know their specific crime problems. ?
true
Most departments utilize:
fleet vehicles
What agency is usually held up as a model for dealing with the mentally ill, due to its combined CIT and co-responder program?
Houston Police Department
The Newark foot patrol study concluded that foot patrols do not make citizens feel safer.
false: answer they did
Random patrol is commonly believed by police administration to create a sense of:
omnipresence
Predictive policing involves linking data and clues to potential suspects or victims by identify at-risk groups, individuals, and locations.?
true
Rapid response to 911 calls works better in discovery crimes than in involvement crimes.
false
Who coined the term omnipresence?
O.W. Wilson
One of the authors of the classic text Police Administration was:
O.W. Wilson
During what decade did the foot patrol return to policing?
1980s
Officers who patrol specific locations at specific times to address a specific crime problem are called ____________________ patrol.
directed
According to the California Highway Patrol study, the most prevalent reason drivers fail to stop during a high-speed pursuit is:
the driver is afraid of or dislikes the police or enjoys the excitement of a chase
In the proactive group in the Kansas City study, the police presence was:
doubled or tripled
According to research, red-light cameras that target traffic violators seem to reduce the occurrence of traffic violations at that location
true
___________________ is/are the most expensive part of a police department’s budget.
personnel
The most important and visible part of police work to the public is/are ____________________.
patrol
It is impossible to conduct a controlled experiment to study the effectiveness of certain types of police patrol.
false: kansas city and other ones have done it newark
The National Advisory Commission on Criminal Justice Standards and Goals recommended that ____________________ should be directed to conduct thorough preliminary investigations.
patrol officers
In recent years, there has been a decrease in the use of multiagency investigative task forces.
false: it has incresed
During the 1990s, the crime rates across the country:
went down at an unprecedented rate
Decoy operations are most effective for combating the crimes of robbery, purse snatching, and other larcenies from the person; burglaries; and thefts of and from automobiles.
true
The investigative process begins with:
the patrol officer
Undercover investigations are rarely used by federal law enforcement agencies.
false
Decoy operations are most effective in detecting and arresting all of the following except:
a. robbers
b. purse snatchers
c. persons committing larcenies from autos
d. murders

answer is d

The single most important determinant of whether or not a crime is solved is the quality of work performed by the detectives.
false: its from the patrol officer
Cybercrimes trends change regularly and quickly, which can make them difficult for law enforcement to keep up with.
true
Programs concentrating investigative resources on career criminals are called:
repeat offender programs
Nationally, police are only able to clear ____________________ percent of all property crimes reported to them.
between 15 and 25 percent
The National Advisory Commission on Criminal Justice Standards and Goals recommended that detectives should be assigned only to preliminary investigations of:
very serious or complex preliminary investigations
Detectives in a decentralized squad are considered ____________________.
generalists
One of the ways detectives use to solve cold cases is DNA analysis.?
True
An investigative unit that reexamines old cases that have remained unsolved is called a:
cold-case squad
Dressing as and playing the role of a potential crime victim is known as:
a decoy operation
The MCI program involves all of the following except:
a. case solving
b. solvability factos
c. case enhancement
d. enchanted patrol techniques

answer d.

Which of the following is a solvability factor in the MCI program?
a. is there a witness?
b.. is there a suspect named or known?
c. will the complainant cooperate?
d. all of these choices

answer: d

Nationally, police are able to clear only____________________ percent of all violent crimes reported to them.
between 40 and 50 percent
Marvin Wolfgang discovered that most predatory street crime in the United States is committed by:
only a few criminals
In smaller departments, detectives tend to be generalists.
true
The idea that detective work is glamorous, exciting, and dangerous, as it is depicted in the movies and on television, is called the:
detective mystique
What system has greatly improved the surveillance of offenders?
global positioning system (GPS)
The use of analytical methods to obtain pertinent information on crime patterns and trends that can then be disseminated to officers on the street is called ____________________.
crime analysis
Most police officers feel that the public:
does not support the police
What is the largest minority group in the United States?
hispanics
Triad programs are focused on senior citizens.
true
The Police Explorer program is part of the _____ organization.
Boy Scouts of America
National Night Out is in effect:
once a year
Today, police departments have created numerous special programs to assist with the challenges faced by the aging population. One such program is:
Triad
The program in which the police engrave identifying numbers onto property such as bicycles, televisions, and stereos is called:
operation identification
The police-community relations movement (PCR) developed out of the:
riots and civil disorders of the 1960s
Given the difficult job the police have, it is easier for them to perform their duties if they have the support of the public.
true
Social media played a significant part in the Boston Marathon bombings? investigation.
true
The President’s Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice reported in 1967 that police relations with minority groups had:
sunk to explosively low levels
McGruff, the crime dog, and the “Take a Bite Out of Crime” program is an example of:
a police mass media campaign
One of the best-known citizen patrol groups, whose members wear distinctive red berets and T-shirts, is called the:
Guardian Angles
Another name for Neighborhood Watch programs is:
a. crime watch
b. block watch
c. community alert
d. all of these

answer d

None of the cities in the United States have made any special efforts to recruit members of the gay community for police jobs.
false
The DARE program has received mixed reviews, and some departments have cut their programs, especially in these tight budget years.
true
According to the author, the police-community relations (PCR) movement had a tremendous effect on the philosophy and culture of most police departments.
false
Studies involving DARE programs have established that they are totally effective in preventing young people from experimenting with drugs and alcohol.
false
Crime Stoppers is a program in which police:
ask television and radio stations to publicize a “crime of the week” so citizens can call tips into a special police phone number
Public opinion polls have revealed that most citizens have a very poor image of the police
false
Crime Stoppers originated in:
Albuquerque, New Mexico
One of the community crime prevention programs includes Crime Stoppers
true
patrol officers spend less than ____ to ____ percent of their time on crime-related calls
20 to 30
when was motorized patrol introduced
1930-1940s
what type of police patrol is more effective
motorized patrols

Need essay sample on "CJ110 Exam 3 study guide"? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you for only $ 13.90/page

Can’t wait to take that assignment burden offyour shoulders?

Let us know what it is and we will show you how it can be done!
×
Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. If you need this or any other sample, please register

Already on Businessays? Login here

No, thanks. I prefer suffering on my own
Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. If you need this or any other sample register now and get a free access to all papers, carefully proofread and edited by our experts.
Sign in / Sign up
No, thanks. I prefer suffering on my own
Not quite the topic you need?
We would be happy to write it
Join and witness the magic
Service Open At All Times
|
Complete Buyer Protection
|
Plagiarism-Free Writing

Emily from Businessays

Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one? Check it out https://goo.gl/chNgQy

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy