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community ch 14

what do disasters do?
cause premature deaths, illnesses, and affect the social well being of people, destroy the local health care infrastructure and prevent and effective response to the emergency, create environmental imbalances, thereby increasing the risk for communicable diseases and environmental hazards, affect people psychological, emotional, and social well being, cause shortages of food and water, and displace populatons of people
what are characteristics of a disaster preparedness plan?
realistic and simple
what are things you should have for personal preparedness
personal checklist and emergency supply kit
what does a professional prepared nurse mean?
nurse understands workplace and community disaster plans and participates in disaster drills and community mock disasters
what should a nurse do in community preparedness?
office of emerfency management and nurse should review disaster history of the community
what is the nurses role in disaster preparedness?
help intiate or update the agencys disaster plan, provide educational programs and materials, organize disaster drills, provide an updated record of vulnerable populations within the community and review individual strategies
what is a disaster?
a devastation that cannot be relieved without outside assistance
when does disaster management begin?
before the disaster takes place
what is the purpose of disaster planning?
manage overall response to disaster
how is level of disaster determined?
by the amount of resources needed
what has increased the danger of a natural disaster?
overcrowding of cities because communities have been nuilt in areas that are vulnerable to disasters such as tornado zones or near rivers
how has overcrowding and urban development increased human made disasters?
stress caused by overcrowding has cause civil unrest and riots.
what are examples of natural disasters?
hurricanes, tornadoes, hailstorms, cyclones, blizzards, droughts, floods, mudslides, avalanches, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, communicable disease epidemics, lightning inducing forest fires, collapsed buildings
what are examples of human made disasters?
conventional warfare, nonconventional warfare (nuclear, chemical), transportation accidents, structural collapse, explosions/bombing, fires, toxic materials, pollution, civil unrest (riots, demonstrations)
what does the office of emergency management do?
develops and coordinates emergency response plans in a defined area such as a county.
when is FEMA called?
after state and local resources are overwhelmed
after large disasters, what does the us public health service do?
sends health workers to set up clinics to ensure quality and accessibility of health care services.
during disasters, what do local governments do?
coordinate local resources such as police and fire departments
what are some reactions nurses can have to disasters?
overwhelmed, PTSD
how can children react to disasters?
regress back to a less mature developmental level.

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