Comprehensive Classroom/Behavior Management Plan Essay
Comprehensive Classroom/Behavior Management Plan
This paper tends to create a plan in order to manage children in a certain classroom. To effectively treat and manage children on a systematic and organized way considering their strengths and weaknesses when it comes to learning. Included in this management plan is a created rule towards the must and must not behavior inside the room, creating certain strategies or techniques in order to motivate children to do such desirable behavior inside the class, setting a certain reward which is not abusive unlike food in order for them to be motivated, and adding plans on how to manage the misbehavior of the hardheaded students.
Since not all students are the same either by culture or places where they came from, this management plan also included ways on how to approach those certain students who are in need of help inside the classroom considering the fact that they are not fluent in speaking English language. Last on the list of the management plan is data tracking wherein certain ways on how to track how often a certain student misbehaves or does good behavior inside the classroom. After creating all the list and ways on how to
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Goal and Student’s Behavior
To manage the children in school effectively with all the possible considerations considered such as culture difference, behavior and/or attitude, and understanding in order to create a comprehensive way of learning.
In this article, Grade five students are chosen to be the main subject of the behavior management. This is because 5th Graders are said to be often hard headed and according to some psychological studies, those who reached the ages 12 above or those who are in the 5th Grade are said to be full of behavioral risks such as bullying and not paying such attention to the class either during a certain activity or even during lecture time.
5th graders also tend to be getting slow in learning and so in order to manage them effectively inside the class for them to cooperate and learn, behavior management or ways on how to manage 5th graders are listed below.
Rules and Routines of Class
1. A certain student should work individually whenever they are asked to work individually and are allowed to joined or to participate in a group only if the professor asked them to do the work as a group
2. Class activities should be joined by everybody inside the class and thus no one should exempt him or her self from the class simply because nobody wanted or liked him or her.
3. Any student who tends to be isolated by the other students because of his or her different race should approach the professor in order to find him or her certain group where he or she could participate.
1. No one is allowed of bullying others
2. A certain student is not allowed of bothering their classmate during class hours if it has nothing to do with the class matters.
3. Children are allowed to share materials on a certain activity but borrowing materials without permission is strictly prohibited and thus students are not allowed to chat or talk about something when the lecture is going on.
1. Students will be oriented about the lectures and activity of he class for different subjects
2. A certain student is allowed to share thoughts as well as opinions towards their lecture and thus no one should be prevented from speaking inside the class whether they belong from a different race
3. Students who are anxious of reciting his or her idea is given time to have the courage to speak and/or they could simply write their thoughts in a piece of paper and simply read it when he or she is to recite.
If these rules are ignored by the class students or by a certain student, the professor will therefore mark their names in the class standard and they will be given warnings in order for them to know that what they did must not be done again. In order for children to effectively comprehend the rules and comply with them, the rules should be posted in the side of the classroom wall wherein all students could see it. In this way, professors won’t need to often remind or orient the children about the rules inside the classroom.
If professors tend to approach the children in a fearful way everytime the child or student tends to break the rule, the consequences is that the student might experience certain psychological problems such as trauma, phobia, depression, and anxiety therefore approaching the child in a calm way would make the task easier to manage.
Children are emotionally sensitive and thus if they can’t follow the professor’s instruction, they should be guided and oriented as comprehensible as the professor could possibly orient the student. Since psychology explains that behavior can be learned and that it can be motivated, professors should learn to approach the children through motivation instead and thus in the positive way of motivation or reinforcement.
Strategies for Motivation and Relationships
Motivation, Importance, and Emotion
Motivation is said to be the response or reaction of a certain stimulus towards another stimulus presented through the use of an incentive or reinforcement method. This is part of the learning psychology wherein it is used in the process of classical conditioning and thus it is reinforced by either a positive or a negative reinforcement. On the other hand, emotion tends to be the result of the motivation of a certain stimuli to the other stimulus exposed with the use of reinforcement (Huitt, 2001).
Child behavior to be Encouraged
Children should be encouraged to have a studying habit whenever they have a spare time after class, they should also have the interest on learning about the lessons presented to them by their professors. Because children are said to be playful and hard headed, it is difficult for them to be motivated to study well and do their tasks.
Another which they should be encouraged of is to do their assigned works instead of ignoring it and doing other things, they should also be friendly as well as they should be willing to share such things that they could share in order to build a good relationship towards class and towards social communication and relationships.
Step by step Procedure
#1 in order for the professors to take full of the class’ attention in doing a certain class activity or task, the professor should know the interest of his or her students.
#2 after knowing the children’s interest, for example; children are fond of games, the professor should therefore design the activity into a game wherein the materials or questions used in the game is about the lectures or the academic topics that the students have already taken.
#3 the professor should set a certain incentive in order to make the children comply with the mechanics of the game. Like for example, those who will win the game will be exempted on the next activity or those who will win gets a high mark on his or her class participation record.
Tools for Motivation
In order to motivate the children, the tools would be consist of a certain incentive, a game plan for the lesson activity, and a consolation reward for those who tend not win the game for them not to feel frustrated or depressed.
The rewards which will be used in order to motivate the children consist of high or additional mark on their grade, exemption from the next class activity, a simple mark or proof of their outstanding performance in the class which they could show their parents, and even a free one hour break from the class.
It will not be appropriate for professors or teachers to offer food as an incentive because food reward has a great psychological risk or impact towards child’s nutrition. These rewards will be given to those who will perform well in every activity and lecture sessions and for those who tend to establish a good attitude towards the class.
On the contrary, children should not always be motivated through reinforcement. Professors should still remind them that if the children managed to sustain the good kind of behavior that they tend to show, they will gain success and/or achievement in whatever they tend to do.
The reinforcers used towards motivating the students will be given only once a week and if it tends not to effect on other students, then therefore the professor might as well ask the students what they want as a reward and if ever what they’ve asked for is not going to be bad for them, then therefore the professor might just give their suggested reward.
In the ages 12 to 13, children often misbehave in class. If such consequences happen, the professor should categorize and evaluate how strong the undesirable behavior done by the certain student is and thus after evaluating the behavior the teacher should give a punishment which is appropriate for the said act.
Behaviors will be analyzed as bad, worse and worst; if the behavior tends to be categorized or considered as bad such as cheating during the examination, then the professor could just give a warning to the child such as saying that if he or she ever does the same act again then he or she will be reported to the principal’s office. If the child’s behavior is considered as worse such as bullying other students, then the professor could send the child’s parent a letter concerning the student’s behavior and thus invite the students over the teacher’s office to discuss what’s best for the child’s behavior. If still the child doesn’t mind about the consequences of his or her act and continuously do the same act over again which is already considered as worst such as stealing things from his or her classmates as well as bullying his or her other classmates, then the professor might as well submit the report card to the principal and discuss whether to refer a child to a psychologist or to simply suspend the child from the class.
These approaches toward the misbehavior of the children are simple approaches which might be a long term process in order to change a child’s misbehavior but it is the safest kind of approaches in order to avoid children from experiencing psychological disorders. It will not be appropriate for teachers to use corporal punishment in order to discipline their students. Yes, it will effectively stop the misbehavior of the child but it could lead to other consequences such as it could build fear to the student and thus it could also lead to the student’s anxiety disorder or problem. Another is that corporal or physical punishment is considered as a way of abusing children and so therefore it is not a good solution to stop certain child misbehavior (Pitzer, 1998).
Time-out is a place wherein the teacher tends to isolate the child for a certain time. It serves as a punishment because the time-out area is said to be a place where there’s nothing else to do; no fun, no game, and no one to bully (Abbott, 2007).
If ever the professor tends to use time-out in order to regulate or to manage the student’s behavior, the time-out area would be on the classroom when the class is over because it is the place where students are supposed to enjoy their lessons and comprehend their lectures as well and so therefore the student must understand that and thus the time-out will last until a span of 2 hours. On the other hand, if the students refuse to have a time-out, then appropriate approaches for unstoppable misbehaviors should be implemented by the professor for a bad, worse, and worst behavior. If the student tends to misbehave outside the area where the professor set as a time-out area, then the student should be approached and warned but if they tend to stay in a time-out management even after the time-out period, then it will be better because they would get used to doing desirable and thus good behaviors.
Overcorrection approach is said to be a way wherein the child is asked to undone his mistakes like for example, the child kicked the trash can and so the garbage inside it spilled on the floor; the teacher will then punish the student by commanding the child to pick all the spilled garbage and put it back in the trash can where it belongs (Abbott, 2007). If the professor tends to use this approach, the overcorrection should last until 2 hours nonstop and if the student refused to do the task, then he or she will therefore be asked to approach the principal instead and admit what he or she had done wrong.
Approaching Children with Different Culture and Limited English
Teachers and faculty members are said to be responsible for their student’s well being and so therefore if professors tend to have a student from different culture, they must approach the child and help them understand those which the student have difficulties with. Including in this matter, professors should understand the weaknesses and need of the said students (Johnnie Johnson Hafernik, 2002).
Children who have different cultures should be approached individually whenever they don’t understand some lectures or lessons and thus if their English proficiency is limited, then therefore the professor should make statements or instructions easier for them to comprehend. Teachers or professors could also hold a special class during weekends in order to know where or what topic is the student having difficulties of and slowly but comprehensively explain the lesson all over to the student. Inside the class and during certain group activities, the professor should be the one to choose what group do the students belong in order to avoid discrimination of those who are different in culture or race. By doing this, all the students will have no choice but to treat each other fairly and have no space for the thought that the other students are in deed different from the others.
In order for the professor or teacher to be able to track the amount of reinforcement that the students already received, the professor should set a class report card for each of the students and whenever a student tends to do a good or bad behavior which is either rewarded or punished, then the teacher will record it to the report card of that certain student.
Way of Tracking Misbehavior
For the teacher to be able to track whether the student is misbehaving, the teacher could assign the student’s sit mates to be a watcher of each other. Like for example Lorie and Glenda: Lorie will be a watcher of Glenda and is obliged to report Glenda to the teacher whenever Glenda tends to misbehave and on the other hand Glenda will do the same To Lorie.
Way of Tracking Time-out/Overcorrection Response
This can be tracked by observing the tracking tool which is the report card whether there are changes or if the certain student still continues to do misbehavior and thus negative marks are continuously increasing in his or her report card.
Determining the Effectiveness of the Behavior Management
In order to determine whether the behavior management I have designed is effective or not, weekly tracking of misbehavior and certain unpleasant behavior should be collected and evaluated. Within a month, the evaluation will be placed into a graph which will evidently indicate whether the management designed worked out or not.
1st week 2nd week 3rd week 4th week
This graph is an example of a certain student evaluated and graphed through her behavior towards class; from her class performance or academic participations to her being friendly and cooperative. The graph indicates that her misbehavior tends to decrease because of the consequences which are implemented to her such as time-out and overcorrection.
Dear Principal/ parents and Guardians,
It is evidently observed in school that the children already has the tendency to loose all their interest in studying and that they just wanted to go to school to play every time. I as a teacher is worrying about the children’s behavior towards class and towards the school environment and because of that, I have created and thus design a management proposal in order to effectively manage the children inside and hopefully even outside the school area.
My behavior management proposal consists of ways wherein dear principal, parents, and guardians I am hopefully expecting you to comply with and thus allow me to implement it in the classroom. The behavior management, as I was saying, tends to focus the students on their lessons and academic participation but in an enjoying way and thus it also tends to lessen the misbehaviors of the students. By implementing this system inside the classroom, each of the students will learn how to value their studies as well as every individual in the class where they will learn to cooperate and make friend with. This is a psychologically based behavior management that I am sure will help the students to learn to make everything valuable for them and in addition to this, there had been no corporal punishment involved or included in the said behavior management but purely communication approaches. This proposal will surely make the students be responsible, obedient, and thus respectful which are said to be the main purpose why I designed such behavior management proposal. I appreciate your time for reading this and hopefully you will grant me the will to implement the said management system for the young children, for their betterment and also for the school’s improvement.
Abbott, L. (2007). Details: Operant Conditioning in Education [Electronic Version]. Retrieved November 25 from http://teachnet.edb.utexas.edu/~lynda_abbott/Opinnov.html.
Huitt, W. (2001). Motivation to Learn: An Overview [Electronic Version]. Retrieved November 25 from http://chiron.valdosta.edu/whuitt/col/motivation/motivate.html.
Johnnie Johnson Hafernik, D. S. M., and Stephanie Vandrick. (2002). Ethical Issues for ESL Faculty: Social Justice in Practice: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Pitzer, R. L. (1998). What Does Research Say About the Effects of Physical Punishment on Children? [Electronic Version]. Retrieved November 25 from http://www.extension.umn.edu/distribution/familydevelopment/components/7266a.html.