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Computer Literacy Chapter 1

A computer is a programmable machine that converts raw ___?
data
Give an example of convergence
smartphones
What kinds of computers are found in automobiles, ATMs, and appliances?
embedded computers
In which step of the information processing cycle is data manipulated, calculated, or organized to create useful information?
Processing
What is the binary code that can represent most currently used language characters and is the standard used on the Internet?
Unicode
What was the name of the mechanical computer designed, but not built, in the early 19th century by mathmatician Charles Babbage?
Analytical Engine
What is the name of the measure of a computer’s ability to display intelligent behavior?
Turing test
What is the branch of science concerned with making computers behave like humans?
artificial intelligence
What is the name of a tiny electrical switch that made second-generation computers faster and more reliable than their predecessors?
Transistors
What is the name of a complex, integrated circuit?
microprocessor
What are desktop computers attached to a network in a business setting called?
workstations
What type of portable computer is thin and light and has high-end processing and video capabilities?
all-in-one computer
What computers are built by Apple and run the OS X operating system?
Mac computers
What does the GPS use to determine the location, time and velocity of an object?
triangulation
What is the ability to run older programs on newer hardware called?
backward compatibility
What kinds of computers provide to client systems services such as internet access, email, file, and print services?
client
What kind of computer can perform millions of transactions in a day?
Mainframe/enterprise servers
What is it called when a group of computers shares the processing of a task in one location?
Multiuser computers
What is the name of the very expensive computers that are used to perform complex mathematical calculations, such as those used in weather forecast and medical research?
Supercomputers
What kind of design creates a work enviorment designed to reduce illness and musckoskeletal disorders?
Ergonomics

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