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Computer Platform Tech Chapter 6

third-generation language
A ____ uses mnemonics to represent instructions, variables, and labels and has a degree of instruction explosion higher than 1:1.
In ____ memory allocation, each process partition has its own offset value.
Today, the term ____ is often used to describe a mnemonic representing a data item’s memory address.
control structure
A ____ is a source code instruction that controls the execution of other source code instructions.
Memory allocation
____ is the assignment of specific memory addresses to system software, application programs, and data.
Virtual memory management responsibility is split between the CPU and the OS.
System developers
____ perform design activities to create models that produce an architectural blueprint for system implementation.
In virtual memory management, a ____ is a small fixed-size portion of a program, normally between 1 and 4 KB.
Memory allocation is less complex when the OS supports multitasking.
instruction explosion
The one-to-many (1:N) relationship between later-generation programming statements and the CPU actions implementing them is called ____.
Intel Core CPUs implement virtual memory management tables in ____.
Data values and instructions generally occupy multiple bytes of storage.
front-end CASE
A tool suite that primarily supports model development is sometimes called a ____ tool.
Resource allocation in a single-tasking OS involves only two running programs—an application and the OS.
ready state
Threads in the ____ are idle, pending availability of a CPU.
____ linking is performed during program loading or execution.
data operation
A ____ is any instruction, such as an assignment statement or a computation, that updates or computes a data value.
A Java ____ runs inside another program, such as a Web browser, and performs functions such as accepting user input and displaying forms and images.
Source and object code files are compiled and linked as a whole.
System requirements
____ models provide the detail needed to develop a system that meets users’ needs.
The ____ is the OS portion that manages resources and interacts directly with computer hardware.
page frame
Each memory page in virtual memory management is called a ____.
When considered as a byte sequence, the rightmost byte is called the most significant byte.
C++ was the first commercial OOP language.
A CPU BRANCH instruction requires two operands, one containing the address of another instruction and one containing the address of the previous instruction.
Unlike 2GL programs, 3GL programs must be translated into binary CPU instructions before the program is executed.
Class models and other types of diagrams document user and system requirements.
service layer
The ____ of the OS contains thousands of reusable components that provide functions ranging from file and folder manipulation to accessing I/O devices, starting and stopping programs, and creating, moving, and resizing GUI windows.
____ occurs when memory partitions allocated to a single process or purpose are scattered throughout physical memory.
A ____ is an OS that enables dividing a single physical computer or cluster into multiple virtual machines.

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