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Concept 17

Regular physical activity has been found to be effective at relieving stress by
A. reducing the intensity of the stress response.
B. decreasing the likelihood of developing stress disorders.
C. having a positive long-term effect on emotions.
D. both reducing the intensity of the stress response and decreasing the likelihood of developing stress disorders.
Research currently supports the hypothesis that chronic exercise ________ physiological reactivity to non-exercise stressors.
A. reduces
B. intensifies
C. has no effect on
D. negates
How does exercising before experiencing a stressor affect the magnitude of the stress response?
A. it is reduced
B. it stays the same
C. it is increased
D. it increases quickly, then decreases
Which of the following is NOT true about expressing emotion?
A. Writing about your experiences is an appropriate way to express emotion.
B. Suppressing emotions is an indicator of hardiness.
C. Shared emotional writing has been shown to be beneficial for reducing stress.
D. Friends provide a way to express your emotions in a healthy way.
Learning to think in “shades of gray” helps to avoid which of the following?
A. procrastination
B. anxiety disorders
C. distorted thinking
D. anger
Which of the following is true regarding work trends?
A. more people now hold second jobs than in the past
B. most jobs in contemporary society have decreased time demands
C. worker productivity has decreased
D. salaries are decreasing
During the last 10 years, annual working hours in the U.S. have
A. decreased.
B. increased.
C. remained the same.
D. fluctuated up and down.
Seeking social support is an example of which coping strategy?
A. emotion-focused coping
B. problem-focused coping
C. appraisal-focused coping
D. avoidant coping
Which of the following is most likely to be neglected when time is at a premium?
A. relationships
B. health
C. work
D. both A and B
“Recreation” is different from “leisure” because it
A. is done for a specific purpose.
B. contributes to wellness.
C. is the same as free time.
D. is the same as committed time.
11. A good definition of “leisure time” is
A. time that is used for fitness development.
B. time that is wasted.
C. time that is free from demands.
D. time that is spent resting
12. A person’s cognitive and psychological efforts to manage stress is known as
A. cognitions.
B. coping.
C. adjusting.
D. hardiness
Which of the following is an example of an emotion-focused coping strategy?
A. writing down steps that could be taken
B. exercising to take your mind off the problem
C. changing negative thoughts
D. getting advice from your friends
14. Which of the following is considered an appraisal-focused strategy for stress management?
A. talking about an issue with friends
B. going for a walk to change your mood
C. seeking input to solve the problem
D. listening to music to relax
15. Jacobson’s Progressive Relaxation Method does NOT involve
A. contracting then releasing the muscles.
B. placing an emphasis first on feeling the tension, then letting it go.
C. relaxing the large muscles first, then moving to the small.
D. increasing the intensity of muscle contractions as the exercises progress
16. Which stress-management technique involves monitoring of physiological processes for changes in muscle contraction, blood pressure, and brain waves?
A. progressive relaxation
B. autogenic training
C. biofeedback
D. mental imagery
17. Which of the following is NOT one of the “three Rs” of relaxation?
A. reduce mental activity
B. regulate body temperature
C. recognize tension
D. reduce respiration
18. Mindfulness meditation differs from most relaxation techniques by
A. encouraging you to fully experience emotions.
B. distracting attention away from distressing emotions.
C. focusing on ways you can control your future.
D. incorporating deep breathing with stretching.
19. Which of the following types of distorted thinking is defined as a person who thinks of things in absolute terms (e.g., black or white)?
A. overgeneralized
B. all or none
C. mental filter
D. jumping to conclusions
20. Which of the following types of distorted thinking is defined as a person who dwells on the negatives and ignores the positive?
A. overgeneralization
B. discounting the positive
C. mental filter
D. labeling
21. Which of the following types of distorted thinking is defined as a person who arbitrarily predicts things will turn out badly?
A. personalization and blame
B. magnification or minimalization
C. emotional reasoning
D. jumping to conclusions
A coworker offers you insight into how he resolved a problem with his credit card company. What type of social support is this?
A. personal
B. emotional
C. material
D. informational
23. When creating lists of things that need to be done using the ABC system for time management, the “B” stands for tasks that
A. must be done.
B. should be done.
C. could be done.
D. do not need to be done.
24. To be successful in mindfulness meditation, it is very important not to
A. judge your emotions.
B. write down your emotions.
C. tell someone how you feel.
D. experience your emotions.
25. Which coping strategy is most effective for problems that are not within your control?
A. planning-centered
B. appraisal-based
C. emotion-focused
D. solution-oriented
26. Appraisal-focused coping strategies are best for which of the following situations?
A. when it is a complex problem
B. when it involves people
C. when it persists over time
D. when you can directly influence the situation
27. What distinguishes “play” from “recreation”?
A. It typically involves imagination.
B. It is usually extrinsically motivated.
C. It is more physically active.
D. It is done for shorter periods of time.
28. Which is a stress-related term used to describe “negative or automatic thinking”?
A. cognitive dissonance
B. appraisal evaluation
C. distorted thinking
D. controlled emotions
29. Which of the following is NOT a “conscious relaxation” technique?
A. mental imagery
B. biofeedback
C. Jacobson’s relaxation
D. muscle memory training
30. Which of the following is LEAST likely to be effective for stress management?
A. emotion-focused coping
B. problem-focused coping
C. appraisal-focused coping
D. avoidant coping
31. Which of the following is NOT true?
A. Stress decreases the length of DNA telomeres.
B. Physical activity helps to prevent stress-induced damage to DNA.
C. Stress can impact the rate of cellular aging.
D. Stress reduces the effect of exercise on cellular aging

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