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CSC 110 Test 2

The speed of the _____ influences how fast the processor can process data.
Internal Clock
An integrated circuit is a chip that can contain millions of transistors.
True
Which of the following is an example of a special-purpose input device?
LED
LCD
OCR
CRT
OCR
Speakers are always classified as _____ devices.
Output
Moore’s Law states that the number of transistors on a chip will double about every _____ months.
24
3D printers print on paper, but use a new laser technology to make images appear three dimensional.
False
The speed of a printer is measured in _____ per minute.
Pages
A gaming system takes advantage of _____ processors to power up its speed and performance.
Multicore
Using Moore’s Law, we can gauge how fast ____________ might be in the coming years
Processors
Software instructions are processed in the machine cycle of the processor.
True
Through the use of _____, pilots can simulate flights without ever leaving the ground.
Virtual Reality
A CPU component known as the _____ carries out the instructions used for mathematical and logical operations.
ALU
Optical computing and quantum computing are two new promising types of mobile processing technology.
False
_____ relies on voice input to respond with a computer-generated reply.
Siri
Video cards have their own _____.
Memory
The specifications of a computer usually include the speed of the _____ bus.
Front Side
All of the following sequences are stages of the machine cycle EXCEPT _________.
fetch
decode
sort
store
Sort
Display size for computer monitors is measured horizontally.
False
Output can be in the form of a vibration from your cell phone.
True
A mouse and a touch pad are examples of ____ devices
Pointing
A video card can be found inside the computer, plugged into the _____.
Motherboard
Transistors today are so small that over two billion can be stored on a surface the size of your thumbnail.
True
Monitor display size is measured _____.
Diagonally
Employees have been the driving force in making _____ the most popular hardware brand today.
Apple
A transistor is an electronic component that opens or closes a circuit.
True
A _____ display type uses polarization technologies to add depth and realism for the viewer.
3D
The iPad and other tablets take advantage of _____, allowing the user to use more than one finger to manipulate a display.
Multi-touch
The size and shape of the _____ influences what a system component may look like.
Motherboard
The _____ is housed in the CPU and temporarily stores frequently used data.
Cache
Automating data entry through the use of scanners improves accuracy and efficiency.
True
It is possible to use your smart phone as an output device to change the channels on your television.
True
Special-purpose input devices have greatly enhanced the gaming industry
True
Integrated circuits are also known as _____.
Microchips
One advantage of _____ printers is their ability to output realistic objects.
3D
The machine cycle and the system clock work together when processing instructions.
True
A motherboard can be found in almost all digital electronics devices.
True
An integrated circuit may hold thousands, millions, or even billions of _____.
Transistors
Processing is basically turning information into data.
False
The _____ plays an important role in transforming data into useful information.
Processor
The purpose of a video card is to manage all images sent to a computer’s display.
True
The _____ is the key active component in practically all modern electronics
Transistors
A computer offers specific _____ to connect peripherals such as keyboards or printers.
Ports
Adding a webcam to your computer for a video conference is considered expansion.
True
Two types of _____ are voice commands and marks on paper.
Inputs
____________ systems utilize hundreds or thousands of CPU’s working together.
Massive parallel processing
Businesses rely on stored, machine-readable data to keep track of customers.
True
The _____ is a group of circuits that perform processing in a computer
CPU
Output that you can feel is called _____ output.
Haptic
A touch screen monitor can serve as both an input and an output device.
True
Resolution is measured by the physical size of your screen.
False
Large retail stores use _____ terminals to track purchases and inventory.
POS
_____ was invented to standardize computer interfaces around one type of connection.
USB port
A quad-core processor combines four CPU’s on one chip to share the workload and speed up processing.
True
Transistors control the flow of _____ by switching electrical pulses on and off.
Electrons
An all-in-one _____ combines functions such as faxing and scanning.
Printer
All of the following are common kinds of multicore processors EXCEPT _____.
dual-core
triple-core
quad-core
mega-core
Mega-core
A desktop calendar icon is an example of a(n) ____.
Widget
Productivity software controls the common hardware functionality on your computer.
False
Personal software is used to benefit an individual.
True
____ software is any software designed for personal benefit, including home management, entertainment, and education.
Personal
Managing your calendar and emails can be easily accomplished through ____ software.
Personal information management
All application software can be divided into two categories: productivity and information management.
False
Which of the following is an example of a software suite?
Windows 8
Apache OpenOffice
Linux
MS Project
Apache OpenOffice
Business software is designed to make individuals and groups ____.
Productive
Microsoft Office is only available for Windows-based computers.
False
A ____ software package usually includes document production, numerical analysis, information management, and graphics.
Productivity
Software suites are one form of business software.
True
Google Docs is classified as ____ software, which allows users to share and edit a document in real time on the web.
Collaborative
Object-oriented programming languages are no longer used by software developers.
False
With the help of ____, less experienced programmers can develop applications for mobile devices such as the iPhone.
SDKs
System software assists computer hardware with the work it is designed to do.
True
Many programming languages require a ____ to create executable files.
Compiler
____ development is the systematic process of transforming an idea into functional software.
Software
Each programming language has a particular ____— rules that guide how programming statements are constructed.
syntax
Both mobile computing and cloud computing have helped software applications evolve.
True
A(n) ____ is a set of instructions or statements to the computer.
Computer Program
The difference between a cell phone and a smart phone is its ____.
Connection to the Internet
Programmers create ____ and compilers turn it/them into ____.
source code, object code
Clicking or tapping on a(n) ____ file will start up a program.
Executable
Making changes to a software program after it has been released is referred to as the ____ stage of the development cycle.
maintenance
Some people worry that GPS capabilities on mobile devices could lead to privacy issues
True
There are ____ stages in the software development life cycle.
Five
An application programming interface (API) provides a set of tools for software development for a particular platform.
True
The use of logic, algorithms, and programming languages to create instructions for computer hardware is called normalizing.
False
A(n) ____ allows others besides the manufacturer to develop software to run on the system or device.
API
The Google Play store is very conservative about what it offers its users for phone apps.
False
All of the following are network operating systems EXCEPT ____.
Linux
Solaris
Novell NetWare
Windows Me
Windows Me
The Apple iPhone is a command-based user interface.
False
A(n) ____ operating system is required to perform a command within a certain time frame.
real-time
Linux is ____ software, which means users can manipulate the source code to customize their operating system to their needs.
open-source
A(n) ____ view of data is the way a user thinks about data.
Logical
When you combine a system’s hardware configuration and operating system, it is sometimes called the computer’s ____.
Platform
Embedded operating systems are hardwired into a computer component, such as ROM or flash memory, to control a ____ computer.
special-purpose
Through the use of ____, one physical server can run several server operating systems.
Virtual services
The main function of the operating system is to synchronize your computer with the Internet.
False
A cell phone’s ____ operating system is not released to users and developers.
proprietary
Windows XP is the first operating system to run seamlessly among different platforms such as desktops, smart phones, and tablets.
False
An advantage of ____ software is its ability to run more than one operating system on a computer.
Virtual Machine (VM)
An important task of the graphical user interface is to keep track of files stored on the hard drive
False
The purpose of the ____ is to store the boot process instructions for the computer to start up.
BIOs
Which of the following is NOT a feature found in the Linux operating system?
proprietary software
The boot process for a computer checks the system and loads the operating system into memory.
True
Which of the following uses the New Technology File System (NTFS) for organizing and managing files?
Mac OS X
Linux
Windows 8
UNIX
Windows 8
A unique feature of ____ is that users can easily add enhancements to the operating system
Linux
Embedded systems are typically required to perform a large variety of tasks.
False
Manipulating graphic images to perform a command has replaced the ____ user interface.
Command-based
Typing the word DEL on a prompt line to remove unwanted files on your computer is an example of using a ____ user interface.
Command-base
Security software is a common utility installed on your computer.
True
System software coordinates the activities of the hardware and assists the computer in functioning effectively.
True
Mac computers have a reputation of being more stable and secure than Microsoft Windows PCs.
True
Performing a system ____ utility rearranges your files on disk in an orderly fashion, resulting in faster access.
Defragmentation
The ____ operating system provides the technological foundation of the Mac OS X.
UNIX
A printer requires a ____ installed on the computer in order to operate.
Device Driver
Symbian, by Sun Microsystems, is the most popular version of the UNIX operating system for industries.
False
When a smart phone goes into ____ mode, pressing a button immediately turns it back on.
Sleep
An enhancement in Windows 8 includes the Metro user interface, which provides a new way to interact with apps.
True
Virtual machine software is most useful when connecting laptop computers.
False
An industrial operating system works with a large computer system requiring a(n) ____.
Server
____ operating systems are lightweight operating systems designed for mobile devices such as smart phones and tablets.
Mobile
The Mac OS is known for having new versions named after ____.
Cats
An icon on your desktop is a component of a ____ interface.
Graphical user
Linux is a popular operating system with techies but not with home users due to its high cost.
False
Windows cleaners maintain the ____ for more effective system operation.
registry
The Apple iPhone gained popularity largely due to its open-source design, which led to the creation of many apps available for iOS.
False

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