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CSCI 1070 chap 2

set of instructions that a computer uses to accomplish a task (aka applications/ app)
helps you perform tasks for a specific purpose (like create a word document, play game)
Windows 8.1
operating system made by Microsoft corporation works with mobile computing devices of all types and traditional PCs
Operating System
specific type of computer program that manages the other programs on a computer (including desktops, laptops, smartphones, tablet, game console)
Reasons you need an operating system
to use apps, coordinate the use of your computer hardware (keyboard, mouse, touchpad, touchscreen, game controller, printer), organize data you store on your computer or access data you store in other locations
Desktop App
computer program installed on the hard drive of a computer and that requires a computer operating system like Microsoft Windows, or Apple OS to run
Desktop Apps
apps installed on a computer’s hard drive
these are a type of program that runs from device software or browser on PCs, tablets, game consoles, smartphones
Windows Store App
Apps built for specific purposes (view photos, read sports info, organize contacts, facebook)
Local account
each user on a single computer
Microsoft Account
user account that lets you set up One Windows 8.1 computer and then synchronize all the same settings from the computer to any device with Windows 8.1
this is what happens when you set up one computer (like desktop) then synchronize–all the same settings to a laptop, tablet, Windows phone, or any other device you sign in with the same Microsoft account
Booting the computer
the process of turning on a computer when it had been completely shut down
Lock Screen
the first screen that displays after turning on Windows 8.1 device (displays time, day, date, and other icons)
icons that display on the lock screen (day, date, etc.)
Lock Screen apps
= apps that display on windows 8.1 lock screen and show quick status and notifications (like skype) even if the screen is locked (calendar, mail, message, weather)
Start Screen
first screen that displays after signing in to a 8.1 device (looks like square and rectangular boxes called tiles that can access apps, websites, and programs)
= descriptive term for Windows 8.1 start screen provides 1 screen view of links of information and programs important to the user
Live Tiles
= constantly updated with fresh information relevant to you (like new emails, sports scores, facebook) it is the center of the windows 8.1 experience
the action center icon
Action center
= a central place to view alerts and take actions related to things that need your attention
Wallpaper/ Desktop Background
= displays colors and graphics of your desktop, you can change the desktop background to look how you want it
= serves as surface of work, can arrange icons
= small pictures that represent a file, folder, program, or other object
Expand notification area button
= displays additional icons related to your notifications
Network notification icon
= status of a network (wifi)
System tray/ notification area
= notification icons, clock, and calendar
Program buttons
= these buttons launch internet explorer and file explorer
Internet Explorer
= web browser software by Microsoft corp. with windows 8.1; two versions- one for start screen and one for desktop (IE 11)
File Explorer
=locations and contents of library, folders, file, and enables one to do tasks related to files and folders like copying, moving and renaming
Recycle Bin
= where deleted things go; until it’s emptied
Speakers Icon
= status of speakers (if any)
Task Bar
= start button, program buttons, buttons for all open programs at bottom of desktop can be moved
Snipping Tool
= program in windows 8.1 that captures image on all or screen captures/ shot part of computer screen within desktop apps
= captured image (save, email, etc)
Bing smart search
= when type in search box on start screen, search apps, PC, and web
Dialog box
= small window that contains options for completing a task
= action of clicking the right mouse button one time
Jump- list
= displays when you right-click a button on the taskbar, and which displays locations (in the upper portion) and tasks (in the lower portion) from a program’s task bar window
= collection of information stored on a computer under a single name (word document, Excel, pictures, song program)
= container in which you store files
Removable Storage Device
portable device where you can store files (like USB) used to transfer information from one computer to another
= area of storage formatted with a file system compatible with your operating system and identified by a drive letter
Hard Disk Drive
= primary storage device located in computer where some of your files and programs are typically stored (usually as Drive C)
Cloud Storage
= storage space on internet site that can also display as a drive on your computer
= free file storage and file sharing services by Microsoft when you sign up for Microsoft account
File Explorer Window
displays content of a current folder or device and contains helpful parts so you can navigate (explore within structure of windows)
= any disk drive, folder, network, or cloud storage area in which you can store files and folders
Navigation Pane
= left side of file explorer window to get to locations
Shortcut Menu
= context sensitive menu that displays commands and options relevant to active object
= user interface in Windows 8.1 that groups commands for performing related tasks on tabs across the upper portion of window copy, moving, create folder)
File list
displays the current folders content
Address Bar
= current location In folder structure as a series of links separated by arrows
Contextual tab
= tab added to ribbon when specific object is selected and contains commands relevant to active object
= specify, by highlighting a block of data or text on screen with the intent of performing some action
= sequence of folders that leads to a specific file or folder
Scroll Bar
= right side of window, vertical or horizontal at bottom of a window; helps bring area into view and contains scroll box and scroll arrows
Scroll Arrow
= moves window in small increments
list of commands within a category
Menu Bar
= group of menus at top of a program window
Split button
= button with two parts- button and arrow, clicking the main part of the button performs a command and clicking the arrow opens a menu with choices
4 types of snip
= free form, rectangular snip, window, full screen
Free- form
= draw irregular line (like circle)
Rectangular snip
= draw precise box
= snip the entire displayed window
Full-screen snip
= entire screen is captured
Three main tasks of operating system
= manage hardware ( printers, scanners, montitors), manage application software installed, and manage data generated from app software
= documents, worksheets, pictures, songs, etc you create and store during day-to-day-use of your computer
= Windows 8.1 style screens, no borders, menus and behave differently from traditional windows desktop programs because there is no taskbar; the idea is to be totally immersed in the app with no distractions
Modern Design
= Windows 8.1 tiles with white text on dark backgrounds, consistent fonts, simpler navigation, use entire screen
Graphical User Interface GUI
point and click on graphic icons and buttons to initiate commands to control computer, uses graphics (like image file folder) click to activate item represented (includes pointer, pointing devices, icons, desktop)
= symbol that displays on screen in response to moving mouse and how you can select objects and commands
Pointing device
= mouse or touchpad to control pointer
= small image that represents commands, files, applications, or other windows; to select, press mouse, you can start program or move objects to different locations on screen
= arrange icons, like shortcuts to programs, files, and folders
= reduced images of graphics, emails, saw who they’re from and videos include length
= term used to refer collectively to parts of your computer like control processing unit (CPU) memory, and any attached devices (like printer)
Data Management
= most important and most often used function; managing files and folders
= the number of people who use Windows
93 percent
= what percent of PCs in the world run some version of windows
computer hardware, application software, data
what are the three things that the operating system manages
= computer automatically will save your work, darken the screen, close down fan, and go to ___ awakes when press key or move mouse
Shut down
= all programs, files, and network connections close and hard drive stops; no power used
= specific and consistent set of buttons used in every app and settings; used to shut down PC, search, access devices, and adjust PC settings
Administrator account
= used to set up and modify user accounts, change settings, install hardware and software, and access all files on the computer
sets up folders in hierarchy or folder structure
Notification bar
= info about pending downloads, security issues, add ons, and other issues
Progress Bar
= indicates progress of a file download
screen tip
useful information
Parent Folder
= location where folder you are viewing is saved
Left Pane
= (aka navigation pane) locations accessible by the user
File Properties
= author name, file size, last date modified
= create and edit drawings and photographs
= create documents, not all the same features of Microsoft word
Desktop Shortcut
= this provides quick access to programs, etc. from start screen
Details View
= list of files and folders along with common properties like size and last date modified
Title bar
= file name, can rearrange open windows
Share point
= employees can access information across organizational and geographic boundaries using cloud storage
temporary storage area
= display 2 Windows on screen
File Explorer
= manages files and folders
App Bar
= area at top or bottom of a Window’s store app containing various controls pertaining to app
Insertion Point
= blinking vertical line shows where text will be inserted when you type
Keyboard Shortcut
= combination of two or more keyboard keys, to do something that would otherwise use the mouse
= image file format; stands for portable network graphic, can be transferred over internet
User Account
= collection of info that tells windows 8.1 that files and folders the account holder can access, changes that can be made to computer system, and account holder’s preferences
administrator account
what type of account has complete access to computer
Apps View
= what type of view has the start screen view which all apps have same small tile size and apps can be arranged in various ways
= fundamental unit of storage that enables windows 8.1 to distinguish one set of info from another
= basic organizing tool for files
= put folder in another folder
= arrangement of folders where items ranked and each level is lower in rank than the one above it
folder structure
the hierarchy of folders
= sequence of folders in folder structure that leads to specific file or folder
= gathers folders so you can browse them in one place “single access point”
Web browser
= program (like internet explorer) that interprets HTML to display webpages as you browse the web
Compressed File
= file that’s been reduced in size; less storage space and can be transferred to other computers faster
= decompress, pull out files from compressed form
File Explorer
= displays contents of locations, folders, and files on computer and do tasks related to files and folders (copy, move, rename)
Address Bar
= current location in file structure as series of links separated by arrows
Parent Folder
folder you’re viewing
Column Headings
= identify columns, by clicking column heading name, you can change how files in the file list are organized; arrow on right, select various arrangements in the file list; right-click this to select other columns to display
File List
= displays current folder’s content; if type text in search box, only folders and subfolder’s file that match search will show
Minimize/ expand ribbon
= change ribbon display; if minimized only shows tab names and not full ribbon
Navigation Pane
= locations you can navigate; like favorites, sky drive, and this PC
groups common tasks
Search box
=this is where you type word/ phrase to find file or subfolder stored in current folder that has matching text
Status Bar
= total number of items in a location, or number of selected items and their total size
Details Pane
= displays most common file properties associated with selected file
File Properties
= info about file (like author, date last changed, descriptive tags)
= properties you create to help you find and organize your files
= most used to locate and start programs and locating open files
Address Bar
= displays the path in the folder structure by default, path displays the Documents folder for signed-in user
File list
= list of files and folders available in folder indicated in address bar
File name box
= enables you to type the name of specific file to locate it
File Type arrow
= can restrict type of files displayed in file list
= displays relevant tasks; like creating a new folder
Desktop Shortcuts
= desktop icons that can link to items accessible on computer (like program, file, folder, disk drive, printer, another computer)
Share Point
= Microsoft technology that enables employees in an organization to access info across organization and geographic boundaries
Personal Folder
= folder created for each user account on Windows 8.1 computer, labeled with the account holder’s name and which contains subfolders, documents, pictures, music, videos
Details View
= displays a list of files and folders and their most common properties
title bar
bar across the top of a window that displays the program name—of a snipping tool into a blank area of the desktop
Snap (desktop apps)
= a windows 8.1 desktop feature that automatically resizes windows when you move them to the edge of the screen

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