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CSCI 1070

Link
You click a ____ to go from on Web page to another.
networks
The Internet connects millions of computers connected through millions of ____ worldwide.
e-commerce
Buying and selling products via electronic channels such as the Internet is called ___.
VoIP
You use ____ when your telephone calls travel over the Internet instead of using traditional phone systems.
cloud computing
With ____ you can access storage and applications over the Internet.
desktop computer
Computing hardware that is not very portable, but highly functional, perhaps used by a graphic designer creating a logo using complex graphics software, printer, and digital camera add-ons
convertible computer
device with a detachable keyboard that can convert to a tablet for mobility
laptop
computing device that is highly functional and very portable, likely to be used by a traveling salesperson who constantly needs to update a database after client visits
operating system
platform that coordinates the functions of various hardware components and determines the types and brands of application software you can use
peripheral
Device that can be attached to a computer to extend the computer’s functionality, such as adding printing or video capabilities
storage device
A component, internal or external, that stores information and flies permanently for future use
tablet
Device often used for online applications such as web browsing or email, but not great for creating complex spreadsheets
Random Access Memory (RAM)
Temporary storage used to store data and run programs (including your operating system) while your machine is running
peripheral
An add-on device that extends a computer’s functionality; for example, by adding printing, scanning, or video capturing capabilities
laptop computer
Computing device that is more expensive than a desktop, but highly functional and very portable, likely to be used by a traveling salesperson who constantly needs to update a database on the road
NIC
Computers need this hardware to connect to a network
ISP
Company that offers Internet access to individuals and businesses
PAN
Bluetooth is a technology often used in this type of network
router
This device connects two or more networks and directs the flow of information along the network
peer-to-peer
Network technology best suited to networks of ten or fewer computers
NIC
Your computer needs a(n) ___ to access a network
Network Standards
Bluetooth, 3G, and WiMAX are examples of ___.
WiFi
Wireless LANs and public hotspots use ___ technology to connect to the Internet.
HomePNA
____ allows computers to be networked through ordinary telephone wires.
LTE
____is a newer standard for cell network communications
3rd
DEC minicomputer
1st
COLOSSUS
4th
Personal Computer
2nd
IBM 1401
flat panel
Many display devices are ___ monitors.
projector
A ___ lets you display computer output on a wall.
hard copy
Printers produce ___ output.
voice synthesizer
A ___ is an audio output device that converts texts to speech.
soft copy
Displays produce ___ output.
drag
move an object on the screen
gesture
use your fingers to zoom the display
double click
issue a command
click
select an object on the screen
right click
display a shortcut menu
2
a word-processing document of 500 words and with an illustration
3
a 5-minute audio file
1
a word processing document of 500 words and no illustration
5
a full length movie
4
a 5-minute video file
RAM, DRAM
Volatile
ROM, EEPROM, flash, BIOS
Nonvolatile
external hard drive
Complete PC backup
internal hard drive
Operating system and application software
DVD or BD disks
full length movie
tape drive
corporate data backup
USB flash drive
a few files to be transferred from one computer to another
local
Applications that are installed on your computer’s hard drive
mobile
Applications that run on smartphones and tablet computers
Web-based
Applications that you access over the Internet
portable
Applications that are stored on and run from removable storage devices like CDs, DVDs, or flash drives
font size
what you need to change to make words appear bigger on the page
font type
this defines what text characters look like
alignment
the document formatting feature you use to make paragraphs line up with the left side of the page
line spacing
you adjust this to control the amount of white space in between rows of text
text effect
shadowing and reflection are examples of this
label
text that describes the contents of another cell or cells in a worksheet
range
a group of adjacent or nonadjacent cells
name box
the park of a worksheet that displays the cell address of the active cell
formula
an equation that performs a calculation to generate a value
cell
the intersection of a single row and column in a worksheet
record
all of the fields for a single database entity
form
a data entry tool you use to input data into a database
view
the display format that you choose when working with a database object on the screen
table
a collection of records
query
a data retrieval tool that finds specifies data within a database
bus
An electronic channel that transfers data in multiple directions
cycle
the smallest unit of time a processor can measure
processor clock
sets the speed at which the CPU executes instructions
CPU
the “brain” of a computer
ALU
performs arithmetic and logic functions in the CPU
processor
a complex integrated circuit consisting of millions of electronic parts
cache
High-speed, easily accessible storage space used by the CPU
benchmark
A test to determine processor speed
core
The number of these in a CPU help determine processor performance
bits
Bus width is measured in these
embedded
electronic devices such as card readers use ____ operating systems
network
a server, also called a(n) ____, operating system is a multiuser operating system because it controls a central computer that can support many users
mobile
a(n) ____ operating system has features similar to a desktop operating system, but is simpler and significantly smaller
multipurpose
UNIX is called a(n) ___ operating system because it can run on a desktop PC or a server
personal or desktop
Operating systems installed on a single computer are called ____ operating systems
virtual memory
Part of the hard drive that the operating system uses as additional RAM
memory management
a key task that operating systems perform to use RAM efficiently
parallel processing
a processing technique an operating system uses to divide one task among many processors
multithreading
a processing technique an operating system uses to process many parts of a single program
multiprocessing
a processing technique an operating system can use if the computer has many processors
device letter
what windows and linux use to identify each storage device on a computer
extension
part of a file name that usually reflects the file format
executable
type of file containing instructions that tell your computer how to perform specific tasks
native
the file format that an application can always open
file
a name collection of data on a storage medium such as a hard disk, CD,DVD, or USB flash drive
format
file ___ refers to the organization and layout of data in a file
read only
a(n) ___ cannot be modified or deleted
extension
Most file names include a(n) ___ a short identifier separated from the main part of the file name by a dot
file size
The ___ property is sometimes indicated in kilobytes or megabytes
back up
a(n) ___ is a special type of file that allows you to restore data to the original storage location

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