In Activity #1, the decision maker made the decision solely upon his own judgment and based on the evidences he found to support his claim. The idea of conformity or in other words, consistency as how he looked on it (of having the same and exact length of the object compared to A), and still having that decision in mind for taking the second look. Defining conformity in the answer he put up on this activity as the situation where one is not willing to go with the majority on decision making even if others were thinking that the answer was not correct is what he stands up for.
Considering these explanations, the decision maker might have or had committed biases regarding his judgment. This is common on decision making. First, the decision maker might have already think of a certain conclusion wherein he only finds and look for the evidences that will support his conclusions and disregarding those evidences that supports the other or different conclusions. The next bias he committed was that even he did look for the object for the second time; the thing that was still on the mind of the decision maker is that the two objects are of the same length, which implies an unwillingness to change the pattern of thought.
This term can be referred to as ‘inertia’. There is also a contrary or rebellious act of the decision maker with regards to his answer in this activity (Tools, 2007). The support on this claim is that the conformity he was focusing which is the act of refusal to the view of the others (i. e. “I was not willing to change my answer even if others thought it was incorrect. ”). In the second activity, a group polarization or decision making in groups occurred. There were principles that are present and are applied in making decisions in a group.
Dictatorship or oligarchy is a method commonly used in group decision making. It is when the decision is placed on the hand of the most powerful person or group. Another method used is the parliamentary or democratic method wherein every member of the group has the right to speak and participate in making decisions. Another method is when the participation of every member is present for every decision that was made by the group; this method is called direct democracy or consensus decision making. What do these decision concepts imply about the ways in which we people make decisions?
Decision making is then can be concluded as a process in which an individual or a group, or groups makes decision, whether it is an action or opinion. Together with the process of decision making are the biases that will come across each of the decision makers or the participants of the decision making process. Because of these biases, the decision might then be questioned regarding its accuracy and correctness. These biases might come from an individual’s own perception on conclusions or decisions which deduct its judgment that made his decision to be less accurate or even worse, a bad decision.
Another problem that can be related to a group decision is the peer pressure, in which the decision of a single person can be influenced by others. Can any of these decision concepts lead to critical errors in judgment? Why or why not? Uncertainty is a word connected to decision making. The result of the process of decision making might harm the group, others, and the decision maker itself. In contrast, there might be a possibility that this will also of big benefit for everyone. Thus, uncertainty always came with the process.
Since there were lots of biases present in the process, such as emotions, etc. , then the judgment may lead to critical error. When emotions come into play, biases such as wishful thinking, choice-supportive bias, bias on references because someone got angry with one person, and so on. Due to this, many risks are on the floor, and many alternatives were deducted.
Tools, M. (2007). Decision Making Techniques. Retrieved June 3, 2007, from http://www. mindtools. com/pages/main/newMN_TED. htm