Describing Managerial work using classical management
Management was revolutionize during the beginning of the industry age when there was a massive growth in the business which mark the arrival of increase in operation scales, and creating various sectors in an organization leading to recruitment of managers for daily activities such s planning and controlling. An Increase In global trade and requirement of efficient manpower, management which was only Just a mean of getting things done through people, started including other aspects of business.
This essay will review about the classical management, usefulness of classical management in describing a managerial work. Classical Management Henry Payola the founder of classical management and contributor of fourteen principles of management. To the present day Payola ideas have been acknowledge by authors, teachers and managers of different background such as business and overspent. According to Frederick. W. C. (1963) classical management has contributed five major components of general theory of management.
First component of the contribution is classical management principles that are major concepts and ideas, which are firstly contribution from Taylor that gave us the approximation to what the meaning of management, secondly the five basic management functions planning, organizing, staffing, directing, and controlling. Second component is human relation study Third component
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Fifth and last component of the contribution of the classical theory mention by William. C. F. (1963) is the general theory of management is or also knows as the social responsibilities of business enterprise or theory of business responsibility. PRINCESS and SPICES Factors Stephen J. C and Dennis J. G mention in the text that Williams (1956) and Hemophilia (1959) gone beyond the recording of activities that are noticeable to show that managers at all levels practices In planning, coordination, control, and problem loving.
PRINCESS factor derive from Payola’s five basics managerial factors Mahoney, leered, and Carroll (1963, 1 965) stated that Planning, Representing, Investigating, Negotiating, Coordinating, Evaluating, Supervising and staffing or also know as (PRINCESS) factors are eight basic set of managerial function that can be allocated Into managerial time these factors are expanded from Payola’s five factor. In further study of Hughes and Singles (1985) survey was conducted on more than 700 1 OFF second line of manager and general marketing manager.
The study show that there as a constant time spent from one level to another on directing, controlling and organizing while the importance of staffing decreased , as the management level move from first level of management to the top management. Payola (1952) stated that manager should carry out the classical functions, and on top this they should also have the skill related in such area to success (Stephen J. C & Dennis J. G 1987) . Studies have been done to show that time spent on the on these classical function and skills perform by manager will result in higher unit performance unit, organization and managerial mobility.
Later studies done by Giggle & Carroll (1985) using the supposition that unit managers primarily do perform managerial activities. Using Mahoney, Jeered, and Carroll (1963,1965) basic management responsibilities (PRINCESS factor) as the base of their studies but dropping two of the PRINCESS factors, representing and negotiating, since the pretest show that minute time was spend in that categories which is called the SPICES category (staffing, planning, investigating , coordinating, evaluating, and supervising).
Payola (1949) also describe that those in managerial also carry out other actions such as security, technical, counting, commercial and finical activities. Managerial work Stephen J. C and Dennis J. G (1987) also mention that Integers (1971) study and similar observational studies are flawed reason being the assumption made that Coos represent a typical managers. Physical activities of a manager do not accurately describe what managers do.
Although typical managers make short brief conversation but that does not prove that they are not planning, or controlling or investigating. Managerial work are more of mental work and the physical work such as talking to others, reading, and writing that function as inputs and outputs to histological activities. When it come to time spend mentally it is important to realize that it is not the same as the time spend working physically as the brain can go through many thought process in only a few minute or even work on different problems simultaneously with a tremendous speed.
The time spend on working in both cased are also not the same. While physical work clock start at arrival to the office and stop after leaving the office while else with mental activities manager may continue thinking about work related matters long after leaving work, before they mom to office or even might continue while they are asleep. Conclusion Even thought management has change from what it was since Henry Payola first founded. As mention in Frederick.