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Diet and Nutrition chapter 11

A birth, the reflexes an infant has are
rooting, sucking, and swallowing
Foods for infants should be prepared without added
sugar and salt
The phase that shows the most erratic growth is
childhood
During a checkup at the clinic, a child’s growth is evaluated by using
growth charts
A good source of energy for children is
whole wheat toast
In the growing years, most calories are needed for
basal metabolic needs
An example of a food that provides building material for tissue growth is
cheese
An 8-month-old who receives approximately 0.4 L of fluid per day is meeting
75% of fluid needs per day
Compared with adults, infants and young children have more body fluid
outside the cells
A good source of calcium for the growing child is
milk
An adequate source of iron for a breast-fed infant at 8 months of age is
enriched rice cereal
Hyervitaminosis of vitamins A or D is most likely to occur because of
overuse of vitamin supplements
The feeding process is an important part of the following developmental factors
bonding relationship with parent
A low birth weight infant weighs less than
2500 grams
The most suitable first solid food for an infant 7 months of ag would be
infant rice cereal
The ideal first food for newborns is
breast milk
The first milk secreted by a new mother is called
colostrum
The approximate recommended age for adding solid food to an infants diet is ____ months
6 months
Babies should not be put to sleep with a bottle of formula because
this could lead to early tooth decay
A type of feeding not recommended for infants during the early months is
cow’s milk
Young children should be offered
small portions so they can ask for more if hungry
Failure to thrive may be caused by
overdilution of formula
Food intake may decrease after the first year of life and caloric need is not as great because
the growth rate slows down
During the school-age years, the rate of growth
is slow and irregular
The final major growth spurt of childhood occurs
with the onset of puberty
Eating disorders are common in adolescent girls because
society and peers value thinness
The ideal first food for an infant is
human milk
older infants can finger-feed themselves with a refined pincer grasp at
10-12 months
Parents who use natural food should be advised to
avoid giving honey to a child younger than one year
Effective strategies for weight management in children include
regular physical activity

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