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Disaster management Essay

Disaster management (or emergency management) is the effort of communities or businesses to plan for and coordinate all personal and materials required to either mitigate the effects of, or recover from, natural or man-made disasters, or acts of terrorism. Natural disasters (such as earthquakes, hurricanes, etc. ), Pre-element training and testing Communicating and assessing incidents Emergency management consists of five phases: prevention, : It focuses on preventing the human hazard, primarily from potential natural disasters or terrorist attacks.

Preventive measures are taken on both the mommies and international levels, designed to provide permanent protection from disasters. Not all disasters, particularly natural disasters, can be prevented, but the risk of loss of life and Injury can be mitigated with good evacuation plans, environmental planning and design standards. Mitigation, : . Len flood prone areas, houses can be built on poles/stilts. In areas prone to prolonged electricity black- outs Installation of a generator. The construction of storm cellars and fallout shelters are further examples of personal amalgamate actions. Rapidness, For evacuation, a disaster supplies kit may be prepared and for sheltering purposes a stockpile of supplies may be created. The preparation of a survival kit such as a “72- hour kit”, is often

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advocated by authorities. These kits may include food, medicine, flashlights, candles and money. Also, putting valuable items in safe area is also recommended. Response On a personal level the response can take the shape either of a shelter in place or an evacuation. In a shelter-in-place scenario, a family would be prepared to fend for themselves in their home for many days without any form of outside support.

In an evacuation, a family leaves the area by automobile or other mode of transportation, taking with them the maximum amount of supplies they can carry, possibly Including a tent for shelter recovery. The recovery phase starts after the Immediate threat to human life has subsided.. The most extreme home confinement scenarios include war, famine and severe epidemics and may last a year or more. Then recovery will take place inside the home. Planners for these events usually buy bulk foods and appropriate storage and preparation equipment, and eat the food as part of normal life.

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