Disaster Management with Uttrakhand Lessons
The Indian Air Force, the Indian Army, and paramilitary troops evacuated more than 110,000 people from the flood ravaged area. Origin From 14 to 17 June 2013, the Indian state of Outranked and adjoining areas received heavy rainfall, which was about 375 percent more than the benchmark rainfall during a normal monsoon.  This caused the melting of Crabbier Glacier at the height of 3800 meters, and eruption of the Mandating River[1 3] which led to heavy floods near Cohabiting, Cedar Dome,Radiography district, Outranked, Himalaya Pradesh and Western Nepal, and acute rainfall in other nearby regions of
Delhi, Harlan, Attar Pradesh and some parts of Tibet. Heavy rainfall for four consecutive days as well as melting snow aggravated the floods. Warnings by the India Meteorological Department predicting heavy rains were not given wide publicity beforehand, causing thousands of people to be caught unaware, resulting In huge loss of life and property. Death and damage Landslides, due to the floods, damaged several houses and structures, killing those who were trapped. The heavy rains resulted in large falsehoods and massive landslides.
Entire villages and settlements such as Grandaunt and the market town of Ram Bad, a transition point to Katharine, have been obliterated. Over
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Rescue operations See also: Operation Rata and Operation Usury Hope ( Operation Usury Hope was conducted by Indian Army’s to Its response In Outranked Floods. Usury or sun, Is the emblem of the central command, and which is probably why Central Command chose to name Indian Army’s largest ever humanitarian mission as Operation Usury Hope Operation Rata was the name given to the Indian Air Force’s rescue operations to evacuate civilians affected by the 2013 North India floods. Thousands of pilgrims In transit in the hill states of Outranked and Himalaya Pradesh were stranded in various valleys.
It was one of 1 OFF claims it to be the biggest civilian rescue operation in the world carried out by any air force using helicopters. The Army, Air Force, Navy, Indo-Tibetan Border Police (TPTB), Border Security Force, National Disaster Response Force (Indisputably Works Department and local administrations worked together for quick rescue operations. Several thousand soldiers were deployed for the rescue missions. Activists of political and social organizations are also involved in the rescue and management of relief centers.
The national highway and other important roads were closed to regular traffic. Helicopters were used to rescue people, but due to the rough terrain, heavy fog and rainfall, maneuvering them was a challenge. The Army had deployed 10,000 soldiers and 11 helicopters, the Navy had sent 45 naval divers, and the Air force had deployed 43 aircraft including 36 helicopters. The IF airlifted a total of 18,424 people and dropping/landing a total of keg of relief material and equipment. I-JAVA named Enters, Dash were also used to rescue people, as they locate 190 survivors in inaccessible areas.
One of IF Mi-17 rescue helicopters returning from Katharine, crashed on a mountainous slope near Gaur Kind, killing all on board. Aftermath The Prime Minister of India announced 1000 core (SIS$1 50 million) aid package for assister relief efforts in the state. Several state governments announced financial assistance, with Attar Pradesh pledging 25 core ,the governments of Harlan, Maharajah’s and Delhi 10 core each, the governments of Tamil Nadia, Odious, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Chastiser 5 core each.
The US Ambassador to India extended a financial help of USED $1 50,000 through the United States Agency for International Development (SAID) to the Nags working in the area and announced that the US will provide further financial aid of USED $75,000. World Bank approves aid of $250 million. The Government of India also cancelled 9 batches, or half the annual batches of the Slash-Mangroves Hyatt, a Hindu pilgrimage. The Charm Hyatt pilgrimage, covering Gangster, Humanitarian, Katharine and Bathing was cancelled for 2 years to repair damaged roads and infrastructure, according to the Outranked Government.
National Green Tribunal (ENG) lamming the Centre for not setting up expert committees for examining environmental impact of hydro- electric projects and construction works in Outranked after the recent disaster in the state. It also pulled up the National Disaster Management Authority (MADMAN) for tot spelling out a single step taken by it to ensure restoration of ecological balance, public welfare and rehabilitation in the state. The Supreme Court had on August 13 directed the MOVE not to grant any further environmental clearance and forest clearance to hydro-electric power projects in Outranked until further orders of the court.
The apex court had, however, given the ministry three months time to respond. Environmental issues Unprecedented destruction by the rainfall witnessed in Outranked state was attributed, by environmentalists, to unscientific developmental activities undertaken n recent decades contributing to high level of loss of property and lives. Roads and more than 70 hydroelectric projects in the watersheds of the state led to a “disaster waiting to happen” as termed by certain environmentalists.
The environmental experts reported that the tunnels built and blasts undertaken for the 70 hydro electric projects contributed to the ecological imbalance in the state, with flows of river water restricted and the streamside development activity contributing to a higher number of landslides and more flooding Reasons for Disaster There is little doubt that the present Himalayan disaster has been triggered by trial events, but the catastrophe is man-made. The various man-induced drivers.
One, there is ample scientific evidence that the Himalayan watersheds have witnessed unprecedented deforestation over a long period. Deforestation as a commercial activity began during the British Raja and has continued unabated after independence. Massive infrastructure development such as hydrophone construction and road building has taken place. Scientific studies indicate that at the current rates of deforestation, the total forest cover in the Indian Himalaya will be reduced from 84. Per cent (of the value in 1970) in 2000 to no more than 52. Per cent in 2100. Two, there is mounting evidence that global warming is fast catching up with the Himalaya. In a recent study, we reported that Himalayan ecosystems have experienced faster rates of warming in the last 100 years and more than the European Alps or other mountain ranges of the world. In such a scenario, we expect faster melting of glaciers causing higher water discharges in the Himalayan rivers. Three, Huge building construction, cheap hotels and individual dwellings at Trashiest, on the banks of the Assai and Biography rivers have been allowed.
There is little buffer between the river and the human settlements. Four, large-scale dam building in recent years has caused massive land use changes with ensuing problems in the Himalayan watersheds. Hydrophone and allied construction activities are potential sources of slope weakening and desalination. Massive intervention in the Himalayan ecosystems through manipulation of rivers and their hydrology, is linked to what we are witnessing today.
Most downstream damage in otherwise flood-free areas is caused by dams and barrages, which release large volumes of water to safeguard engineering structures. Dam operators often release more water during rains than the carrying capacity of downstream areas, causing floods. (December 18, 2012 notification of the Ministry of Environment and Forests, which declares the entire watershed around the 135-km stretch between Gauguin and Thrashing, along the Biography river, as an echo-sensitive zone under the Environment Protection Act, 1986.
This, in practice, bans all construction activity in the area. The State government has been opposing it stoutly, arguing that such an order will adversely affect development and the economic progress of the region. The notification, if implemented, would result in the closure of hydrophone projects of 1 ,743-MM capacity along the Biography and a ban on mining and construction, especially of hotels and resorts, and land use conversion. Power projects and mining and construction activities are the main causes of preventable environmental degradation. Five, neo-religious movements, linked to changing socio-political Himalaya beyond the region’s carrying capacity, whether it is Amaranth in Jams & Kashmir, Katharine, Bathing, Gangster and Homerun in Outranked. The heavy Algeria population has also resulted in the mushrooming of shanty towns, cheap accommodation and numerous ramshackle buildings along river banks. Disaster Management position in India 1 . According to the disaster management authority, as of now only 19 states in the country have a mandatory state disaster management plan (STAMP) – and Outranked till now among the defaulters. . The National Disaster Response Force (UNDER), created in 2006 after the Arioso Super Cyclone (1999) and the Gujarat Earthquake (2001), still in its nascent stage, while the State Disaster Response Force (SODS) that as to be created in each state is a non-starter. 3. With Just 10 battalions, comprising around 12,000 personnel drawn from various paramilitary forces, the UNDER has the impossible task of covering all of India. 4. The SODS is present in only 14 States, that too, only on paper.
Only Gujarat, Kraal and Mozart have managed to create a force capable of handling disasters to some degree. The fact that over the last three years, the UNDER has trained a mere 3,000 personnel in 12 States shows the low priority that disaster management gets in the State governments’ scheme of things 5. MADMAN, Indian’s top agency for disaster management, it all began with the appointment of experts to deal with various aspects of disaster. Gradually, it has become a pasture for retired bureaucrats and politicians.