Economics in Europe
English Honors 10-F Ms. Chummily Research Essay Final Draft word count: 1130 Rule Breaking as a Savior Tool Some people claim to hear voices from another world. Some claim this Just to scare others and become famous. Very few have saved nations with them. Joan of Arc, a peasant girl from the fifteenth century France was one of these few people. Despite the time period and what women were expected to do, Joan of Arc broke the previously established norms as she defended the voices she heard which she lamed were from saints above.
With this divine help, she attempted to break British rule during the Hundred Years War. Her ferocity and dedication were also key to her success, but unfortunately determined her decline and death. To have a better understanding of Joan of Arc ‘s mission and accomplishments its important to understand what was going on in the time period in France that defines her as a rule breaker. Joan of Arc was born in the fifteenth century as the Hundred Years War was taking place (Lancers).
This war erupted in 1337, “when the English inning claimed that France should rightfully be part of England” after the two thrones had
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He claimed he had to rule France, and fought for the throne with many Frenchmen, who also sillies the idea of giving France to the enemy, “they [the Frenchmen] wanted a real French dauphin to rule after the king” (Stanley 9). Consequently to the dauphin’s claims and the English pressure to gain control over the throne, a civil war broke out. The English were likely to win, but Joan of Arc surged and saved the French from the English domain with her ferocity, perseverance and trust in God. She dressed the way a lady shouldn’t dress, fought like a man and lacked education (Stanley 9).
Joan of Arc stood firmly for her beliefs all through her life. She strongly believed in hat her voices indicated to her (Tools). At age thirteen, three saints visited Joan: SST. Catherine, SST. Michael and SST. Margaret. They revealed to her, “Go, go, daughter of God, into the realm of France… You must drive out the English and bring the king to be crowned”, the dauphin Charles VII (Bankable 21). Though Joan had all the determination to accomplish what her spiritual advisors were telling her, it was not meet the dauphin and allow her to Join the troops. He considered her a lunatic and turned her down as he sent her home.
However Joan of Arc did not give up and approached De Abductor a second time and finally met the dauphin who trusted and believed in her (Lancers). Despite this, many thought she had evil and harmful intentions and underwent a series of trials, conducted by the dauphin ‘s advisors to prove how pure and holy she was. She proved the church officials wrong and amused many with her intelligent answers that eventually showed she was true with good intentions and knew God. They pronounced her ” a good Christian and Catholic” (Bankable 33). Joan s determination in the battlefield also built her a strong mage.
Her greatest battle was the Siege of Orleans where she expelled the English from the important city. This victory along with many others made French, English and Burgundies ‘s scared of ever meeting her (Stanley 30). Joan was made famous by her defeat of the English at Orleans, giving back the king his throne, her determination and fierceness (Stanley 30). However, many men disliked her, especially those under her orders. Soldiers and captains ignored her orders, rejected her participation and expression of what her voices were telling her was right to do. Regardless of this, she became a stern captain and ordered soldiers how to act.
She forced them to pray and fight ethically. Many laughed at this; she was a woman, had no right to rule over them, and was Just eighteen years old (Bankable 36). Joan of Arc liked to rule others but only liked to be ruled by God. Weeks after the Battle of Paris, Joan, mad at the king for disbanding the army escaped with a group of “freelance soldiers” (Stanley 36). She claimed she could not wait for the king to admit his past mistakes and went to fight on her own at the city of Compiling, that was owing to be attacked by the English, showing she was ferocious and ready to fight.
That she was not afraid to go against the king’s will if it was to save her nation (Stanley 36). However, in the battle at Compiling Joan of Arc lost against the Burgundies and was betrayed as she was turned into the English, which gave the church court the power to trail her for heresy. According to them, she was not a strict orthodox and was not a friend of the church, for she claimed to have communication with God through visions and voices from the saints, defying the church and its hierarchy as ell as society with her men garments (Lancers).
The church threatened to kill her if she did not confess that she was evil, but her responses were as true as they were the first time she was tried by Charles VII advisors. She claimed “l saw them [the saints] with these very eyes, as well as I see you [church men]” and was therefore sentenced to die (Thornton). Though many ignored her and accused her of heresy, Joan of Arc was later found innocent and was indeed found as a devote person to the Christian religion.
In the ear 1920, almost five hundred years after her death, the Vatican and Pope Benedict XV pronounced Joan a saint, due to her claimed communication with the saints, along with both her physical and mental courage. Joan of Arc became a sign of unity for the expel the English from France for she became, “the greatest national heroine of her compatriots” (Lancers). Nevertheless, many consider her a miracle and a human being that was at the right place, at the right time, with the right determination, breaking through the expectations society had regarding women, that lead to her paving France.
Works Cited Bankable, Susan. Joan of Arc. New York: Chelsea House, 1985. Print. Lancers, Woven, and Malcolm G. A. Vale. “Saint Joan of Arc (French Heroine) : Introduction. ” Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, 12 Jan. 2011. Web. 28 Feb.. 2012. Stanley, Diane. Joan of Arc. China: Harper Collins, 1998. Print. Thornton, Herbert. “SST. Joan of Arc. ” The Catholic Encyclopedia. Volvo. 8. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 12 Mar. 2012 . Tools, Carols Arturo. Personal Interview. 17 Feb.. 2012.