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Economics Land Reform

Land Tenure Structure – is a concept which refers to one or more types of Land Tenure Systems regulating the rights to ownership, control and usage of Land and the duties accompanying such rights. 2. Production Structure – is a concept which relates to the nature, type and modus operandi as well as the actual process of production or farm operation. 3. Structure of Supporting Services – is a concept which involves matters like credit, marketing, the supplying of agricultural requisites, processing, storage and other technical assistance in so far as they have some immediate bearing on reforms of tenure and production structures.

Agrarian Reform – (wider than Land Reform) the term comprises not only Land Reform but also the reform and development of complimentary institutional framework. It encompasses all programs designed to bring about improvement in all the institutions surrounding farm life. It is concerned not only with the farmer and the land he tills but also with the community he lives in. Philippine Agrarian Structures The pattern of land ownership in the Philips. Has been historically the major cause of social unrest. – by 1960, the problem of tenancy was far from being solved.

Some 41% of all farms were

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cultivated by tenants as compared to 37% in 1948. Tenancy is still deeply ingrained in our agrarian structure despite numerous land reform attempts of the government. – The problem was even more explosive in the rice – growing, the rate of tenancy was higher (31% in 1971). – These figures explain why the HI-J influenced Economics Land Reform By missile time bomb in Negroes Occidental and b. Stalinist rebellion in Cabot Laguna Evils of Landlords 1 . Inquisitional System – under this system, the tenant bore all the risks.

The absentee landlord merely waited for the harvest and collected annual rent. 2. Assam System – the tenant usually furnished the land, farm tools, seeds and expenses for transplanting and harvesting. Although the sharing was regulated by la, abuses by the Land Lord continued unabated because of the weaker position of the tenants. 3. Taking System – the tenant paid back two savanna of play for every savanna that he borrowed. The rate of 100%. 4. Tailwind and Tertian – under the former, the rate of interest was 50%, under the latter, 33% or 1/3.

If the Loan had been made in cash and was payable in kind, the scheme called for a 50-75% interest. 5. Latitudinal – was the wrong kind of paternalism that it bred in some regions particularly in the Western Visas. Under this system, the tenant goes to the Landlord for money when someone in the family died nor got married, birth, for school fees, harvest is damaged etc. Landlords was often an unjust and inequitable system. But, even more, it was an obstacle to economic progress, because, our farmers were hindered from rising agricultural productivity, a must for long-run growth.

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