What schedule of reinforcement is most likely to be involved when teachers give “pop” quizes?
Mr. Bennett’s student teacher suggested using a token reinforcement strategy with his disruptive sixth-grade class. The token system was received well by students and soon the class was following the classroom rules. Now that this strategy is working well, the tokens should be distributed
on an intermittent schedule
In an experiment, an electric can opener is used to open a can, and no salivation by the subject is detected. After a number of pairings between the can opener’s operation and food, any time the can opener is used, the subject salivates. The conditioned response in this study is the
salivation to the can opener
The Premack Principle states that
a preferred activity is a reinforcer for a less-preferred activity
Operant conditioning differs from classical conditioning by
focusing on the consequences of voluntary behavior
Which one of the following is a major advantage of task analysis?
describes the sequence of skills leading to a goal
Shaping is an appropriate method for developing new behavior when
performance is otherwise too poor to gain reinforcement
The concluding step of the self-management process is
Mr. Lynch always uses his “mean” face to stop undesirable behavior in his first-period class. However, even though he looks at Tommy with his mean face each time Tommy talks out of turn, Tommy is talking out of turn more and more frequently. For Tommy, the mean face is apparently a
Which one of the following statements is an example of cueing?
“Please remember to put your name on each page.”
Mr. Smith uses a token economy system in his history class. Whenever Bill breaks a rule, he loses a “chip.” If the infraction is major, Bill loses several chips. This is an example of
Woolfolk suggests that programs for promoting group responsibility may be particularly hard on
unpopular students who are unable to perform
Cognitive behavior modification adds what to the management process?
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