This is a paper that focuses on the major political, economical, social and cultural problems of the European Union. Special attention is however paid to elections and lack of citizen support. The use of government powers for illegitimate and private gains or other purposes comes out as major political problem. It also highlights on problems with taxes, standardizing currency and lack of security policies. A major monetary issue is the undermining of developments generated by considerable distortions and inefficiencies.
An in depth looks at the governments of the European Union and their failures and achievements put the spotlight on the major burden that the EU carries. By studying the book countries and concepts it is clear that apart from surface politics human conflicts are also a major contributor to the shaping of a countries’ political climate. The book looks at major sections of Britain, Germany, China, Brazil and even South Africa which is a break from the traditional European comparative models. It’s an in-depth analysis, critique as well as a study of challenges that face the EU in its quest to deliver its promises.
Key words: Political, social economic, currency, policies, challenges and governments. EC Problems Annotated Bibliography Bekemans, L. (1994). Europe
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However, from another approach, the author asserts that, the ECJ has significantly helped to overcome some of these challenges. Scott, A. J. (2000). Economy of Cities. London: Sage. The EU as economic both an economic and political block, diverse legal and social problems are apparent. This can be attributed to the fact that, due to the unrestricted flow of citizens within the EU borders, many EU members are undergoing both economic and social evolution. This as the author notes is increasing the instances of job insecurities as well over exploitation of overexploited natural resources including the congestion of cities.
Thus, the scope of free movement of citizens within the EU member states can be said to be one of the many issues addressed in this book from an economic approach as well as in comparison to the growth and destruction of some of the economic cities within the EU. Zukin, S. (1996) Culture of Cities. Blackwell: Oxford. Cities play a very integral role in as far as the issues pertaining to social, economic and political integrations are concerned. It is well documented in this book how dissimilar approaches to economic expansions among the member states are affecting the entire EU economic policies.
Though, the EU is currently enjoying diverse economic developments, it is the concept of common currency, bilateral trade pacts as well as labor treaties that are well discussed in this book. The author attempts to provide profound options of how the EU cosmopolitan cities can be developed in a manner that, a new culture of economic, social and political culture is enhanced. Moghadam, V. M. (1999). Female Labor, JWSR, Vol. V, No 2: 367-388. Both political and cultural aspects have been identified as some of the aspects negatively affecting the broader scope of the EU.
It is apparent that, globalization has become a major phenomenon that is sweeping across the globe today. Hence, from a close analysis, the author posits that, this aspects presents a myriad of challenges in as far a women participation in economic development are concerned. The author points that, globalization has presented a negative economic image, and this has significantly affected the working women within the EU, creating a scenario where the EU member states are seen as being insensitive to gender movements and well being of the women in a broader context. Wheatley, J. (2007). Economic Dimension.
Flensburg: ECMI. Profoundly, the author provides crucial aspects of diverse problems as well as their determining substance within the broader concept of the EU. such issues regards economic, political as well as social rights. In principal, the author discusses the implications of economic empowerment as well as matters regarding the exclusion of the minority within the EU. Despite the fact that, the authors examines such other problems as constitutional designs of the EU member states and also the issues as well as implications of creating equal economic opportunities within the EU community.
Therefore, it can be said that, the author explores almost all major issues pertinent to the EU among others Introduction During the first half of the 20th century the political objective of a unified Europe was a dream being shattered by some ranging wars. In a totally unexpected move, the tools of war namely coal and steel were turned into reconciliatory instruments around 1950. The unification of 27 independent States was formerly known as the European commission before it changed its name to the European Union.
The Union was incepted on 1st November 1993, with the aims of making war unthinkable and materially impossible, reinforcing democracy and the creation of a common currency for its members. The mission of the Union is to provide peace, prosperity and stability for its people, ensure its people live safely, promote a balanced economy and social development, overcome any divisions of its people, preserve the diversity of the member states as it overcomes the challenges of globalisation and to uphold the values that citizens of member states share.
The journey however, has not been a smooth one, the union is still faced by security challenges, especially the fight against terrorism. To counter terrorism, to curb organised crimes and the curtailing of illegal immigration requires a unification of security forces from member states. Making the European an area of freedom and security is a challenge that calls for the close cooperation of everyone involved. Their traditional approach of looking at the US and UN for security solutions has seen them fail in achieving the intended level of security.
Democracy does not exist within the commission, normally, it is expected that the winner of an election holds the mandate of implementing whatever projects they proposed for their election. The EU commission is not elected but they do initiate legislation though this is not democratically correct, whereas an elected EU parliament holds no mandate for any particular course of action. Literature review Like any other given union, the EU has over the time been plagued by a myriad of diverse social, political as well as economic problems.
It would be instrumental to assert that, due to the magnitude of dissimilar political as well as economic landscapes embraced by the member states, the EU can be said to be encountering these problems from its very inception. Thus, it should be noted that, despite the implementation of such legislation as EU Competition law among other legislations, this union continues to face both ethical and legal challenges. This can be attributed to the fact that, the dissimilar economic aspects of the member states greatly poses diverse challenges to the entire stability of this global economy.
More so, the scope of diverse development policies has also presented a number of challenges. Hence, this infers that, the EU has to seek more appropriate venues of handling this issue without creating more damage. It should be noted that, even the political establishment within the EU greatly differs in both the structure and implementation. According to Bekemans (1994), the EU is compactly engulfed by other factors such as labor, capital market issues, insecurity as well as the broad concept of immigration.
Thus, by exploring such factors, it is apparent to assert that, other prevailing problems though not directly linked to market economy, but globalization tends to one of the major problem affecting the basic foundation by which the EU is anchored. More so, Scott (2000) argued that, the flooding of immigrant within the EU member states as well as the ECJ verdict of recognizing the free flow of citizens have equally presented unprecedented challenge in the terms of security as well as health factors.
Despite such observations, another apparent phenomenon regards the concept of employment, the current population explosion witnessed within the EU has created a notable economic dilemma, this is attributed to the fact that, the EU members are no longer creating new employments; rather, they are minimizing the current population of those who are actively employed. This coupled with other currents problems which rotate within the realm of social, economic and political foundations, the tribulations continues to affect the EU negatively.
In regard to the recent literature reviews, it was established that, other areas significantly raising elements of concern, do pertain to the scope of health and environment. These areas are tremendously considered due to the reason that, wasted from both domestic and military waste is being dumped in or within the states. This has result in the degradation of the environment as well as the interruption and destruction of both fauna and flora.
Therefore to tackle the escalating instances of the transforming the entire EU economies, diverse procedures have to be employed in order to overcome the eminent dilemma. Research Objective The purpose of this research was to understand the scope as well as the dimension of diverse problems affecting the EU. It should be noted that, being a community of dissimilar nations with diverse social and cultural preferences. There tend to exist an environment of conflict.
This is generally generated by the dissimilar interests of the member states. Therefore, it can be argued, the EU problems extend beyond the social and cultural context. EU being one of the leading global manufacturer as well as the consumer of diverse products from the global markets, of late, it has been observed that, from the last two decades, a number of issues have profoundly been discussed pertaining to the myriad of challenges linked to the EU. Hence, such aspects as health, security and food security have been equally exposed.
And the big questions lingers, which are the main problems with the EU today. Methodology By employing diverse research tools, such as surveys, questionnares, observations as well as case studies, it was found that, the EU as an economic block is undergoing a significant political change. This was attributed to the fact that, after the members states agreed to the issuance of the common currency, they failed to consider the fact that, each and every country within this union has its share of economic policies.
Hence, when, the EU court of justice is employed to adjudicate over diverse legal challenges, the national courts seems to be in favour of the legal aspects inclined towards the given states political establishment (Zukin, 1996). Thus, using both quantative and qualitative methods, it was established that, economic challenges, lack of employment, low economic progression as well as poor progression of all aspects of social justice, to be the echelon of the major issues pertaining to EU problems.
Thus, through the use multiple research procedures, it is evident now that, almost all EU members states are under threat of economic collapse, equally, lack of stable markets, market failure as well as cartels have greatly impacted negatively on the EU. Economic Instability Growing global economic challenges have subsequently stroked EU. This can be linked to the fact that, the global phenomenon affecting the aspects of global capital markets has equally been experienced within the EU.
From such an observation, it would be prudence to assert that, the member states have no unified procedure of handling the diverse changes reflected by the global economic changes. Also, it is pivotal to assert that, economic stability is paramount in as far as the progression of democracy is concerned. Though, as from 2002 a number of the EU had accepted to be using the Euro along the same economic lines they were using their age tested currency, it would be paramount to point to the fact that, the use of commonly currency created another set of problems economically.
This indicates that, the EU was previously stable even without the entire scope of European Union. Additionally, these problems have equally been absorbed within the EU social stratum. It should be noted that, for a number of years, Europe had been attempting to reform its labor, health, as well as it pension policies. However, diverse studies have shown that, these elements have altered and hindered the progression of the EU (Wheatley, 2007).
Equally, other member states have in the similar manner witnessed some of the local or domestic labor challenges, while the dissimilar states have attempted to seek new and novel procedures of tackling these problems. In addition to this, high economic expenses have radically engulfed the EU economic aspects. For instance, the EU protectionism policy has backfired and this more than often resulting to the never ending trade disputes with such international markets as the US among others.
These tribulations with the EU forced the former US president Bill Clinton to sign the infamous bill commonly known as “carousel” law on May 18, 2000, the purpose of this legislation is to compel the EU to drop its market policies, and this has translated to be a major economic issue among the EU member states. Labor Though, the EU has noted the inconsistencies and shortcomings of its European Model which it has evenly tempted to reform it.
In a remarkable effort, the European Council published the White Paper on ‘Growth, Competitiveness, Employment’ in 1993. In essence, this paper discussed and addressed the unemployment issue, hence recognizing the want for elasticity in labor markets and a lessening in employment costs. However, the emerging problem despite the concentrated opinion with the EU is that, the White Paper never provided any structural changes; in its place, it offered Keynesian channels maintaining the interests of state at its centre.
Moreover, the recommendation in the Paper are not adhered to; this infers that, the aspects of employment within the EU remains as they are, meaning more and more citizens are glaring at unprecedented rate of unemployment. This indicates that, labor is an instrumental part of the EU, hence, without strong labor markets, low employment rates; the Union is on the verge of experiencing another economic evolution which can be attributed to the masses seeking strong representation as well as sovereignty in order for individual states to protect their own job and employment markets.
The EU ought to enlarge. The flinching labor force has become an opinionated time bomb (Loukas, 1997). The EU is a research premeditated to bring about a single economic, fiscal, and social market for its 15 member nations. In essence, this said experiment attempts to form a competent monetary bloc founded on the scope of independent trading block with a common currency. However, though this concept is novel in nature, diverse scholars have asserted that, this aspect has become a source of all pertinent issues being witnessed today within the EU.
To a formal spectator, the EU symbolizes a global inclination in encouraging moderate democracies. But leading closer analysis, on the other hand, the EU tends to employ socialist curl to a period of free markets, free employment movement, and fewer government intrusions. And the price has been equated to reduced employment as well as low income due to lack of stable markets within the EU member states. Conclusion Basically, the EU has significantly attempted to make formidable strides in as far as reforming of its 15 dissimilar states is concerned.
However, in forming the world’s biggest single market, the EU equally inherited a number of assorted problems which are in nature difficult to handle singularly. Though, the entire concept was to integrate the involved nations with the sole aim of developing liberal markets, but the challenges pertaining to pollution, environment, health, unemployment, low birth rate as well as security tends to be the core problems engulfing the Union in relation to its member states. In the course, Europe and panning through Europe.
The EU economic system does have its share of tribulations and limitations despite becoming a solid political, economic, and monetary union. And it’s from such observation we find the broad range of EU impediments which include: cultural, economic, political, regulatory, labor ,and immigration issues. References Bekemans, L. (1994). Europe 2002. Brussels: EIP Loukas, T. (1997). European Economy. NY: OUP. Scott, A. J. (2000). Economy of Cities. London: Sage. Wheatley, J. (2007). Economic Dimension. Flensburg: ECMI. Zukin, S. (1996) Culture of Cities. Blackwell: Oxford.