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foner chapter 18 practice questions

The Triangle Shirtwaist fire:
brought in its wake much-needed safety legislation.
The word “Progressivism” came into common use around 1910:
as a way of describing a loosely defined political movement.
The Progressive movement drew its strength from:
middle-class reformers
During the Progressive era:
commercial farming grew
Newspaper & magazine writers who exposed the ills of industrial & urban life, fueling the Progressive movement, were known as:
muckrakers
All of the following people were “muckrakers” EXCEPT:
Samuel Gompers
The writer whose work encouraged the passage of the Meat Inspection Act was:
Upton Sinclair
. During the Progressive era:
new immigration from southern and eastern Europe reached its peak.
Progressive-era immigration was part of a larger process of worldwide migration set in motion by all of the following forces
EXCEPT:
the annexation of the Philippines
Which was the Ellis Island of the West?
Angel Island
In the early twentieth century, Angel Island in San Francisco Bay became known as the “Ellis Island of the West” and served as
the main entry point for immigrants from:
Japan
Asian and Mexican immigrants in the early twentieth century:
clustered in the West as agricultural workers
Birds of passage were:
immigrants who planned on returning to their homeland
Most new immigrants who arrived during the early years of the twentieth century:
lived in close-knit communities
. Which institution became a pillar of stability for the immigrants as they settled into the communities in American cities?
church
Vaudeville is a:
form of entertainment.
. Nickelodeons:
were motion-picture theaters with a five-cent admission charge
During the Progressive era:
growing numbers of native-born white women worked in offices
Charlotte Perkins Gilman claimed that the road to woman’s freedom lay through:
the workplace
The term “Fordism”:
describes as economic system based on mass production and mass consumption
The new concepts of a “living wage” and the “American standard of living”:
allowed for criticism of the inequalities of wealth and power
The program that sought to streamline production & boost profits by systematically controlling costs & work practices was called:
scientific management
Why did workers experience the introduction of scientific management as a loss of freedom?
Skilled workers under scientific management had to obey very detailed instructions.
A worker who crossed a picket line during a strike was called a:
scab
Which person was a Supreme Court justice and a Progressive reformer who advocated for the labor movement?
Louis Brandeis
In the early twentieth century, the Socialist Party advocated for all of the following EXCEPT:
national health insurance
. By 1912, the Socialist Party:
had elected scores of local officials
Eugene V. Debs was:
a Socialist candidate for president.
Which statement about the American Federation of Labor in the early twentieth century is FALSE?
The AFL proposed an overthrow of the capitalist system.
The Industrial Workers of the World:
advocated a workers’ revolution
Which statement about the textile strike in Lawrence, Massachusetts, in 1912 is FALSE?
The strikers asked the American Federation of Labor for assistance
What brought about a new wave of sympathy for the plight of women in the garment industry in Lawrence, Massachusetts?
The appearance of malnourished children evacuated from Lawrence shocked the public.
The Ludlow Massacre was a tragic confrontation between:
Colorado mine workers and militia
The battle for free speech among workers in the early twentieth century:
was led by the Industrial Workers of the World
. Feminism:
sought to attack the tradition roles of sexual behavior of women.
Margaret Sanger was a:
birth-control advocate.
What Progressive-era issue became a crossroads where the paths of labor radicals, cultural modernists, & feminists intersected?
birth control
Founder of the Society of American Indians, Carlos Montezuma:
demanded that American Indians be left alone in
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of Progressive reformers?
Progressives pursued radical alternatives to capitalism
All of the following statements about Urban Progressives are true EXCEPT:
They worked with political machines
. Progressive governor of Wisconsin, Robert La Follette, instituted all of the following reforms EXCEPT:
using political bosses to staff his administration.
All of the following measures expanded democracy during the Progressive era EXCEPT
literacy tests and residency requirements
Electoral reform during the Progressive era:
actually limited many Americans’ right to vote.
Jane Addams:
actually limited many Americans’ right to vote.
All of the following statements about Jane Addams and Hull House are true EXCEPT:
Addams believed that reformers needed to aid the poor from afar
A cause not widely championed by Progressives was:
civil rights for black.
After 1900, the campaign for women’s suffrage:
included both middle- and working-class women
Maternalist reform:
was supported by both feminists and more traditional women
In Muller v. Oregon, the Supreme Court
argued that women were too weak to work long hours
The Progressive presidents were:
Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson.
Who used the Sherman Antitrust Act to dissolve J. P. Morgan’s Northern Securities Company?
Theodore Roosevelt
As a Progressive president, Theodore Roosevelt:
supported the conservation movement
President Theodore Roosevelt:
helped striking coal miners to negotiate a favorable settlement with their employers
To create national parks like Yellowstone, Yosemite, and Glacier, the federal government:
removed Indians who hunted and fished on these lands
The Sixteenth Amendment:
authorized Congress to implement a graduated income tax
Who was NOT a candidate in the 1912 presidential election?
William Jennings Bryan
. In 1912, New Freedom:
was Woodrow Wilson’s campaign pledge that government should renew economic competition with less government intervention
A frank acceptance of the benefits of bigness, coupled with the intervention of government to counteract its abuses, best
describes the philosophy behind:
New Nationalism
As a Progressive president, Woodrow Wilson:
signed into law the Keating-Owen Act

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