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FRL 300 TEST 2 Vocab

Which one of the following is the financial statement that shows the accounting value of a firm’s equity as of a particular date?

A. income statement
B. creditor’s statement
C. balance sheet
D. statement of cash flows
E. dividend statement

C
Net working capital is defined as:

A. total liabilities minus shareholders’ equity.
B. current liabilities minus shareholders’ equity.
C. fixed assets minus long-term liabilities.
D. total assets minus total liabilities.
E. current assets minus current liabilities.

E
3. The common set of standards and procedures by which audited financial statements are prepared is known as the:
A. matching principle.
B. cash flow identity.
C. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles.
D. Financial Accounting Reporting Principles.
E. Standard Accounting Value Guidelines.
C
Which one of the following is the financial statement that summarizes a firm’s revenue and expenses over a period of time?
A. income statement
B. balance sheet
C. statement of cash flows
D. tax reconciliation statement
E. market value report
A
Noncash items refer to:

A. accrued expenses.
B. inventory items purchased using credit.
C. the ownership of intangible assets such as patents.
D. expenses which do not directly affect cash flows.
E. sales which are made using store credit.

D
6. The percentage of the next dollar you earn that must be paid in taxes is referred to as the _____ tax rate.

A. mean
B. residual
C. total
D. average
E. marginal

E
The _____ tax rate is equal to total taxes divided by total taxable income.

A. deductible
B. residual
C. total
D. average
E. marginal

D
8. The cash flow of a firm which is available for distribution to the firm’s creditors and stockholders is called the:
A. operating cash flow.
B. net capital spending.
C. net working capital.
D. cash flow from assets.
E. cash flow to stockholders.
D
Which term relates to the cash flow which results from a firm’s ongoing, normal business activities?

A. operating cash flow
B. capital spending
C. net working capital
D. cash flow from assets
E. cash flow to creditors

A
Cash flow from assets is also known as the firm’s:

A. capital structure.
B. equity structure.
C. hidden cash flow.
D. free cash flow.
E. historical cash flow

D
11. The cash flow related to interest payments less any net new borrowing is called the:

A. operating cash flow.
B. capital spending cash flow.
C. net working capital.
D. cash flow from assets.
E. cash flow to creditors

E
12. Cash flow to stockholders is defined as:

A. the total amount of interest and dividends paid during the past year.
B. the change in total equity over the past year.
C. cash flow from assets plus the cash flow to creditors.
D. operating cash flow minus the cash flow to creditors.
E. dividend payments less net new equity raised.

E
. Which one of the following is classified as an intangible fixed asset?

A. accounts receivable
B. production equipment
C. building
D. trademark
E. inventory

D
14. Which of the following are current assets?
I. patent
II. Inventory
III. accounts payable
IV. cash
A. I and III only
B. II and IV only
C. I, II, and IV only
D. I, II and III only
E. II, III, and IV only
B
. Which one of the following is included in a firm’s market value but yet is excluded from the firm’s accounting value?
A. real estate investment
B. good reputation of the company
C. equipment owned by the firm
D. money due from a customer
E. an item held by the firm for future sale
B
Which of the following are included in current liabilities?
I. note payable to a supplier in eight months
II. amount due from a customer next month
III. account payable to a supplier that is due next week
IV. loan payable to the bank in fourteen months

A. I and III only
B. II and III only
C. I, II, and III only
D. I, III, and IV only
E. I, II, III, and IV

A
Which one of the following will increase the value of a firm’s net working capital?
A. using cash to pay a supplier
B. depreciating an asset
C. collecting an accounts receivable
D. purchasing inventory on credit
E. selling inventory at a profit
E
Which one of the following statements concerning net working capital is correct?
A. Net working capital increases when inventory is purchased with cash.
B. Net working capital must be a positive value.
C. Total assets must increase if net working capital increases.
D. A decrease in the cash balance also decreases net working capital.
E. Net working capital is the amount of cash a firm currently has available for spending.
D
Which one of the following statements concerning net working capital is correct?

A. The lower the value of net working capital the greater the ability of a firm to meet its current obligations.
B. An increase in net working capital must also increase current assets.
C. Net working capital increases when inventory is sold for cash at a profit.
D. Firms with equal amounts of net working capital are also equally liquid.
E. Net working capital is a part of the operating cash flow

C
Which one of the following accounts is the most liquid?
A. inventory
B. building
C. accounts receivable
D. equipment
E. land
C
Which one of the following represents the most liquid asset?

A. $100 account receivable that is discounted and collected for $96 today
B. $100 of inventory which is sold today on credit for $103
C. $100 of inventory which is discounted and sold for $97 cash today
D. $100 of inventory that is sold today for $100 cash
E. $100 accounts receivable that will be collected in full next week

D
Which one of the following statements related to liquidity is correct?

A. Liquid assets tend to earn a high rate of return.
B. Liquid assets are valuable to a firm.
C. Liquid assets are defined as assets that can be sold quickly regardless of the price obtained.
D. Inventory is more liquid than accounts receivable because inventory is tangible.
E. Any asset that can be sold within the next year is considered liquid.

B
Shareholders’ equity:
A. increases in value anytime total assets increases.

B. is equal to total assets plus total liabilities.
C. decreases whenever new shares of stock are issued.
D. includes long-term debt, preferred stock, and common stock.
E. represents the residual value of a firm.

E
The higher the degree of financial leverage employed by a firm, the:

A. higher the probability that the firm will encounter financial distress.
B. lower the amount of debt incurred.
C. less debt a firm has per dollar of total assets.
D. higher the number of outstanding shares of stock.
E. lower the balance in accounts payable.

A
. The book value of a firm is:

A. equivalent to the firm’s market value provided that the firm has some fixed assets.
B. based on historical cost.
C. generally greater than the market value when fixed assets are included.
D. more of a financial than an accounting valuation.
E. adjusted to the market value whenever the market value exceeds the stated book value.

B
Which of the following are included in the market value of a firm but are excluded from the firm’s book value?

I. value of management skills
II. value of a copyright
III. value of the firm’s reputation
IV. value of employee’s experience
A. I only
B. II only
C. III and IV only
D. I, II, and III only
E. I, III, and IV only

E
. You recently purchased a grocery store. At the time of the purchase, the store’s market value equaled its book value. The purchase included the building, the fixtures, and the inventory. Which one of the following is most apt to cause the market value of this store to be lower than the book value?

A. a sudden and unexpected increase in inflation
B. the replacement of old inventory items with more desirable products
C. improvements to the surrounding area by other store owners
D. construction of a new restricted access highway located between the store and the surrounding residential areas
E. addition of a stop light at the main entrance to the store’s parking lot

D
28. Which one of the following is true according to Generally Accepted Accounting Principles?

A. Depreciation may or may not be recorded at management’s discretion.
B. Income is recorded based on the matching principle.
C. Costs are recorded based on the realization principle.
D. Depreciation is recorded based on the recognition principle.
E. Costs of goods sold are recorded based on the matching principle.

E
Which one of these is most apt to be a fixed cost?

A. raw materials
B. manufacturing wages
C. management bonuses
D. office salaries
E. shipping and freight

D
Which one of the following costs is most apt to be a fixed cost?

A. production labor cost
B. depreciation
C. raw materials
D. utilities
E. sales commissions

B
Which of the following are expenses for accounting purposes but are not operating cash flows for financial purposes?

I. interest expense
II. taxes
III. costs of goods sold
IV. depreciation
A. IV only
B. II and IV only
C. I and III only
D. I and IV only
E. I, II, and IV only

D
Which one of the following statements related to an income statement is correct? Assume accrual accounting is used.

A. The addition to retained earnings is equal to net income plus dividends paid.
B. Credit sales are recorded on the income statement when the cash from the sale is collected.
C. The labor costs for producing a product are expensed when the product is sold.
D. Interest is a non-cash expense.
E. Depreciation increases the marginal tax rate.

C
Which one of the following statements related to taxes is correct?

A. The marginal tax rate must be equal to or lower than the average tax rate for a firm.
B. The tax for a firm is computed by multiplying the firm’s current marginal tax rate times the taxable income.
C. Additional income is taxed at a firm’s average tax rate.
D. Given the corporate tax structure in 2008, the highest marginal tax rate is equal to the highest average tax rate.
E. The marginal tax rate for a firm can be either higher or lower than the average tax rate.

E
As of 2008, which one of the following statements concerning corporate income taxes is correct?

A. The largest corporations have an average tax rate of 39 percent.
B. The lowest marginal rate is 25 percent.
C. A firm’s tax is computed on an incremental basis.
D. A firm’s marginal tax rate will generally be lower than its average tax rate once the firm’s income exceeds $50,000.
E. When analyzing a new project, the average tax rate should be used.

C
Depreciation:

A. reduces both taxes and net income.
B. increases the net fixed assets as shown on the balance sheet.
C. reduces both the net fixed assets and the costs of a firm.
D. is a noncash expense which increases the net income.
E. decreases net fixed assets, net income, and operating cash flows.

A
Which one of the following statements related to an income statement is correct?

A. Interest expense increases the amount of tax due.
B. Depreciation does not affect taxes since it is a non-cash expense.
C. Net income is distributed to dividends and paid-in surplus.
D. Taxes reduce both net income and operating cash flow.
E. Interest expense is included in operating cash flow.

D
Which one of the following will increase the cash flow from assets, all else equal?

A. decrease in cash flow to stockholders
B. decrease in operating cash flow
C. increase in the change in net working capital
D. decrease in cash flow to creditors
E. decrease in net capital spending

B
. Which one of the following will increase the cash flow from assets, all else equal?

A. decrease in cash flow to stockholders
B. decrease in operating cash flow
C. increase in the change in net working capital
D. decrease in cash flow to creditors
E. decrease in net capital spending

E
For a tax-paying firm, an increase in _____ will cause the cash flow from assets to increase.

A. depreciation
B. net capital spending
C. change in net working capital
D. taxes
E. production costs

A
Which one of the following must be true if a firm had a negative cash flow from assets?

A. The firm borrowed money.
B. The firm acquired new fixed assets.
C. The firm had a net loss for the period.
D. The firm utilized outside funding.
E. Newly issued shares of stock were sold.

D
An increase in the depreciation expense will do which of the following?

I. increase net income
II. decrease net income
III. increase the cash flow from assets
IV. decrease the cash flow from assets
A. I only
B. II only
C. I and III only
D. II and III only
E. II and IV only

D
Which one of the following is NOT included in cash flow from assets?

A. accounts payable
B. inventory
C. sales
D. interest expense
E. cash account

D
Net capital spending:

A. is equal to ending net fixed assets minus beginning net fixed assets.
B. is equal to zero if the decrease in the net fixed assets is equal to the depreciation expense.
C. reflects the net changes in total assets over a stated period of time.
D. is equivalent to the cash flow from assets minus the operating cash flow minus the change in net working capital.
E. is equal to the net change in the current accounts.

B
44. Which one of the following statements related to the cash flow to creditors is correct?

A. If the cash flow to creditors is positive then the firm must have borrowed more money than it repaid.
B. If the cash flow to creditors is negative then the firm must have a negative cash flow from assets.
C. A positive cash flow to creditors represents a net cash outflow from the firm.
D. A positive cash flow to creditors means that a firm has increased its long-term debt.
E. If the cash flow to creditors is zero, then a firm has no long-term debt.

C
A positive cash flow to stockholders indicates which one of the following with certainty?

A. The dividends paid exceeded the net new equity raised.
B. The amount of the sale of common stock exceeded the amount of dividends paid.
C. No dividends were distributed but new shares of stock were sold.
D. Both the cash flow to assets and the cash flow to creditors must be negative.
E. Both the cash flow to assets and the cash flow to creditors must be positive.

A

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