Major producers of man-made fibers are China constituting around 49%, followed by Taiwan (6. 8%), India (6. 5%) and USA (6. 2%) Home Textiles The global consumption of home textiles was worth around US $ 105 billion in 2006. The largest market was the USA, with an estimated US $ 16 billion in 2006, followed by SEIZE (of which I-J was the single largest market) with a market size of US $ 5. 61 billion. World exports of home textiles amounted to US $ 22. 51 billion 2006, a CARR of since 2001 (US $ 10 billion). Of the total exports in 2006, home textiles of cotton accounted exporters were China, Pakistan and
India. The world exports is expected to touch US $ 27 billion in 2008. INDIAN SCENARIO Indian’s prominent role in textile production stems from its wealth in natural resources. Silk, cotton and jute, all nature-base fiber resources 5 are available in India. The textile and clothing industry occupies a unique place in the Indian manufacturing sector. Having a highly fragmented structure, the Indian textile and clothing value chain consists of four stages: Ginning and Spinning – Spinning is the process by which cotton or manmade fiber is converted
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In case of cotton, before spinning, ginning is done where the impurities are removed; Weaving and Knitting – Conversion of cotton or manmade yarns into woven or knitted fabrics; Processing – includes bleaching, dyeing, memorizing and printing, which results in finished fabric to be used for manufacture of clothing; Clothing manufacturing – this is the final stage where the designing, pattern making, cutting, embellishing, stitching, finishing and packaging is done for distribution. One of the key advantages of the Indian textile industry is abundant availability of raw material.
Indian textile industry is multi-fiber based, using cotton, Jute, wool, silk, manmade and synthetic fibers. India is the largest producer of Jute fiber, yarn and silk fiber in the world. Under the man-made fiber category also, India is one of the major producers in the world; second largest producer of celluloses fiber / filament yarn, third largest producer of viscose staple fiber and polyester filament yarn, fourth largest producer of polyester staple fiber, and seventh largest producer of acrylic staple fiber.
Value of textile exports from India, including clothing, was worth US $ 17 billion in 2007-08. Textiles accounted for 48% (US $ 8. 3 billion) of exports and the rest 52% (US $ 8. 7 billion) was accounted by clothing. As per the data collated by WTFO, for the year 2006, India accounted for 4. 3% of total world export of textile products, and in the clothing segment Indian’s share was 3. 3%. European Union and USA are the major destinations for Indian’s textile and garment exports. Other major destinations include: United Arab Emirates (AAU), China, Bangladesh, Saudi Arabia and Japan.
Raw Material Base and Capacity in India Cotton Cotton is one of the major raw materials for the Indian textiles industry. India is the second largest producer of cotton in the world, has the largest cultivated area of over 9 million hectares and accounts for round 20% (4. 8 million tones) of global production (over 25 million tones). The performance of the cotton sector has been increasing over the years and during the cotton season (Gauge-Swept) 2007-08, the output recorded was 310 lake consumption has been increasing over the years from 195. 3 lake bales in 2004-05 to 245 lake bales in 2007-08, by both mill and non – mill sectors. During 2007-08, India exported 65 lake bales of cotton. Technology Mission of Cotton (TM), Mini mission Ill, and Mini Mission IV are some of the developmental measures taken by the Government in this sector. The cotton sector provides employment o more than 50 million people in various activities starting from cultivation to trade and processing. Silk In the world silk production, India is a distant – second largest producer, with a share of around 15%, next to China, which holds a share of 82% in the world.
With a total silk production of around 18,500 MAT in 2006-07, India has the distinction of producing all varieties of silk, biz; mulberry, ere, tsar and mug. Mulberry accounted for nearly 90% of total silk production in India. The silk sector provides employment to around six million persons in rural and semi urban areas, and the majority belonging to the economically weaker sections of the society, including women. With Japanese technology and cooperation, Indian sericulture industry is able to evolve and popularize Bloodline silkworm races, which can yield raw silk, matching the international standards.
Wool India is the 7th largest producer of raw wool in the world accounting for little over 2% of the world total sheep population. Although the woolen textile and clothing industry is relatively small compared to the cotton and man-made fiber based textiles and clothing industry, yet the woolen sector plays an important role as it is linking the rural sector with the textile manufacturing sector. The product portfolio is also diverse, ranging from textile intermediates to finished textiles, garments, knitwear, blankets and carpets.
Indian woolen sector has also a small presence in manufacture of technical textiles, catering to the civil and defense requirements for warm-clothing. Most of the wool produced in India (around 85%) is of coarse quality used mainly in the manufacture of hand-knotted carpets, and 5% is of apparel grade, and 10% is of coarse grade, used mainly for production of blankets. 17 Jute India is the largest producer and nonuser of raw Jute in the world. In the year 2006-07, India imported raw Jute worth US $ 25 million (over 83,000 tones).
During the period April-February 2007-08, India imported raw Jute valued US $ 31. 6 million (over 119,000 tones). Export of Jute products (including floor coverings) from India was around US $ 257 million 2006- 07, which has reached to US $ 296 million, for the period April – February 2007-08. There are 77 jute mills in India; 60 in West Bengal, 3 each in Briar and Attar Pradesh, 7 in Andorra Pradesh and one each in Assam, Arioso, Tripper Manmade Fibers The man-made fiber industry memories fiber and filament yarn manufacturing units of celluloses and non-celluloses origin.
The production of man-made fibers in India has shown an increasing trend in 2007-08, a growth of around 10% over the previous year. India also imports man-made fibers and synthetic & regenerated fibers for processing and value addition. In the year 2006-07, India imported man-made fibers valued US $ 555 million, and synthetic and regenerated fibers worth US $ 97 million. In the year 2007-08, during the period April-February, Indian’s imports of man-made filament and spun yarn amounted to US $ 578 million, and Indian’s import of homiletic and regenerated fibers amounted to US $ 100 million.
Profile of Textile Sub-sectors Organized Mill Sector As of December 31, 2007, there were over 1,700 cotton-fiber and man-made fiber textiles mills (onions) in the country with a capacity of around 35 million spindles, and around 0. 5 million rotors. Indian’s organized mill sector produced about 4000 million kegs of yarn and over 1700 million sq. Mats of cloth. Powerless Sector The powerless sector provides a wide variety of cloth, both grey as well as processed fabrics. As on January 31, 2008, there were 20. 83 lake powerless distributed in over . 64 lake units, constituting over 60% of the global prolegomena.
The sector also contributes around 62% to the total cloth production in the country, provides employment constitutes around 14% of the total employment in the textiles sector and contributes 60% of the fabric, meant for exports. Handloom The handloom sector has been playing an important role in creating an awareness of the Indian cultural diversity and fashion, which is unique only to the Indian textile industry. The handloom cloth production was 6536 million square meters in 2006-07 and during 2007-08, the production of cloth by andirons sector was over 7000 million square meters.
Readmes Garments The clothing sector is fragmented and predominantly in the smaller sector. It is estimated that there are over 13,000 apparel units (excluding tailoring units) in India, majority of which are in the SEEM sector. The total production of clothing sector was around 8 billion pieces with a value of RSI. 1 trillion during 2005-06; of which over nonferrous in quantity terms are being exported. The clothing sector is concentrated primarily in 8 clusters, biz. , Tripper, Lithuania, Bangor, Delhi/Oneida/Surgeon, Iambi, Kola, Jasper and Indore.
Tripper, Lithuania and Kola are major centers for knitwear, while Bangor, Delhi/Oneida/Surgeon, Iambi, Jasper and Indore are major centers for woven clothing. Indian’s exports of ready-made garments, consisting of cotton, silk, man-made fibers, wool and other textile materials showed a marginal increase of 0. 8%, from 2005-06 to 2006-07; and it is expected to perform marginally better in the year 2007-08. Textile materials and products, which are used for industrial purposes and manufactured primarily for their technical performance and functional properties, rather than for decoration, are called technical sixties.